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CONCEPT

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  1. CONCEPT REQUIREMENTS IN : LICENSE / MEDICAL / CERTIFICATION / TRAINING / AIRWORTHINESS WILL INCREASE WITH : - SAFETY NEED (FOR PILOT / PAX / THIRD PARTY ON GROUND. - AIRSPACE , OPERATION - AIRCRAFT (MTOM,, COMPLEXITY)

  2. STEPS WILL NOT BE LINKED : • Example : • REQUIREMENTS FOR HEAVIER CLASS SOLO CAN BE SAME OR LESS THAN THE LIGHTEST CLASS WITH PAX. • MEDICAL REQUIREMENT CAN BE LINKED TO AGE AND PAX NUMBER RATHER THAN ACFT CATEGORY.

  3. ACFT • DON’T MAKE THOUSANDS OF EXISTING ACFT FLYING UNDER « GRANDFATHER’s RIGHT » JUST BECAUSE OF RULEMAKING. • CLEARLY DEFINE THE BASICS OF AN ACFT CLASS, SO EVERY ACFT WILL BE IN HIS « NATURAL » CATEGORY. CLEARLY DEFINE A CLASS :EMPTY WEIGHT, MTOW, Vso, max hp, EQUIPMENT (retractable gear, prop pitch, etc.) • EASY TRANSITION OF EXISTING ACFT INTO THE CATEGORY THE OWNER CHOOSES. (also for licenses)

  4. EXAMPLES OF STEPS : Safety needs : alone / 1 pax / more pax Weight limits : risk to third party Power / Maximum Speed / Stall speed / Complexity : steps in « non complex acft » to be defined ? Airspace : Non radio airspace / controled airspace / English ATC airspace Ops : Day VFR/ night VFR / IMC rating / IFR Answers to safety needs will go through increasing requirements in : License Training Maintenance Medical Equipment (nav, com, strobe light, BRS,etc) Language proficiency Radio LIMITATIONS (Vso, Vcruise, V max, fuel, hp, Empty weight, wing load,…)

  5. POWERED FIX WINGS / ROTARY WINGS : MEDICALS 2000 kg   With or without pax Class 2 ICAO 850 kg   « VLA » General Physician 600 kg   « LSA » Driving license or GP Medical if pilot over 65 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft

  6. POWERED FIX WINGS / ROTARY WINGS : LICENSES 2000 kg ?   Pax endorsement included in license Pilot log-book 850 kg  ? « VLA » 600 kg   « LSA » Pilot log-book Not mandatory. 1 pax on board + Pax endorsement Sport license No pax on board 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft

  7. POWERED FIX WINGS / ROTARY WINGS : TRAINING MTOM Training hours 2000 kg ?  Pax endorsement included in license 45 hours 10 if UL license 850 kg  ? « VLA » Pax endorsement included in license 30 hours 10 if « Sport license LSA » or « UL license » 600 kg   « LSA » 30 hours 5 if UL license 1 pax on board + Pax endorsement Sport license LSA No pax on board 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft

  8. POWERED FIX WINGS / ROTARY WINGS : OPS MTOM Ops: Towing: 2000 kg   No restriction DAY + NIGHT VFR / IFR 850 kg   « VLA » DAY VFR (+ NIGHT VFR / IFR if certified engine) Banners Hang gliders UL-gliders LSA-gliders VLA gliders 600 kg   « LSA » DAY VFR (+ NIGHT VFR if certified engine) Banners Hang gliders UL-gliders LSA-gliders 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft

  9. POWERED FIX WINGS / ROTARY WINGS : OPS MTOM Ops: Airspace INTL flight 2000 kg   DAY + NIGHT VFR / IFR No restriction English proficiency checked 850 kg   « VLA » DAY VFR (+ NIGHT VFR / IFR if certified engine) English proficiency checked if in K airspace? English or local language of overflown country if in ctl airspace 600 kg   « LSA » DAY VFR (+ NIGHT VFR if certified engine) Lower airspace 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft

  10. POWERED FIXED / ROTARY WINGS : MAINTENANCE & CERTIFICATION MTOM maintenance Certification 2000 kg   Under owner responsability Owner produced parts EASA Certification: Declarative under manufacturer (homebuilt or factory producted) responsability. Modification : Declarative under manufacturer (homebuilt or factory producted) responsability 850 kg   « VLA » 600 kg   « LSA » 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft 450 / 472 kg Annex II Acft