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CONCEPT. REQUIREMENTS IN : LICENSE / MEDICAL / CERTIFICATION / TRAINING / AIRWORTHINESS WILL INCREASE WITH : - SAFETY NEED (FOR PILOT / PAX / THIRD PARTY ON GROUND. - AIRSPACE , OPERATION - AIRCRAFT (MTOM,, COMPLEXITY). STEPS WILL NOT BE LINKED :. Example :

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concept

CONCEPT

REQUIREMENTS IN :

LICENSE / MEDICAL / CERTIFICATION / TRAINING / AIRWORTHINESS

WILL INCREASE WITH :

- SAFETY NEED

(FOR PILOT / PAX / THIRD PARTY ON GROUND.

- AIRSPACE , OPERATION

- AIRCRAFT (MTOM,, COMPLEXITY)

steps will not be linked
STEPS WILL NOT BE LINKED :
  • Example :
  • REQUIREMENTS FOR HEAVIER CLASS SOLO CAN BE SAME OR LESS THAN THE LIGHTEST CLASS WITH PAX.
  • MEDICAL REQUIREMENT CAN BE LINKED TO AGE AND PAX NUMBER RATHER THAN ACFT CATEGORY.
slide3
ACFT
  • DON’T MAKE THOUSANDS OF EXISTING ACFT FLYING UNDER « GRANDFATHER’s RIGHT » JUST BECAUSE OF RULEMAKING.
  • CLEARLY DEFINE THE BASICS OF AN ACFT CLASS, SO EVERY ACFT WILL BE IN HIS « NATURAL » CATEGORY.

CLEARLY DEFINE A CLASS :EMPTY WEIGHT, MTOW, Vso, max hp, EQUIPMENT (retractable gear, prop pitch, etc.)

  • EASY TRANSITION OF EXISTING ACFT INTO THE CATEGORY THE OWNER CHOOSES. (also for licenses)
slide4

EXAMPLES OF STEPS :

Safety needs : alone / 1 pax / more pax

Weight limits : risk to third party

Power / Maximum Speed / Stall speed /

Complexity : steps in « non complex acft » to be defined ?

Airspace : Non radio airspace / controled airspace / English ATC airspace

Ops : Day VFR/ night VFR / IMC rating / IFR

Answers to safety needs will go through increasing requirements in :

License

Training

Maintenance

Medical

Equipment (nav, com, strobe light, BRS,etc)

Language proficiency

Radio

LIMITATIONS (Vso, Vcruise, V max, fuel, hp, Empty weight, wing load,…)

slide5

POWERED FIX WINGS / ROTARY WINGS : MEDICALS

2000 kg  

With or

without pax

Class 2 ICAO

850 kg   « VLA »

General Physician

600 kg   « LSA »

Driving license or GP

Medical if pilot over 65

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

slide6

POWERED FIX WINGS / ROTARY WINGS : LICENSES

2000 kg ?  

Pax endorsement included in license

Pilot log-book

850 kg  ? « VLA »

600 kg   « LSA »

Pilot log-book

Not mandatory.

1 pax on board

+ Pax endorsement

Sport license

No pax on board

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

slide7

POWERED FIX WINGS / ROTARY WINGS : TRAINING

MTOM

Training hours

2000 kg ? 

Pax endorsement included in license

45 hours

10 if UL license

850 kg  ? « VLA »

Pax endorsement included in license

30 hours

10 if « Sport license

LSA » or « UL license »

600 kg   « LSA »

30 hours

5 if UL license

1 pax on board

+ Pax endorsement

Sport license LSA

No pax on board

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

slide8

POWERED FIX WINGS / ROTARY WINGS : OPS

MTOM

Ops:

Towing:

2000 kg  

No restriction

DAY + NIGHT VFR / IFR

850 kg   « VLA »

DAY VFR

(+ NIGHT VFR / IFR if certified engine)

Banners

Hang gliders

UL-gliders

LSA-gliders

VLA gliders

600 kg   « LSA »

DAY VFR

(+ NIGHT VFR if certified engine)

Banners

Hang gliders

UL-gliders

LSA-gliders

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

slide9

POWERED FIX WINGS / ROTARY WINGS : OPS

MTOM

Ops:

Airspace

INTL flight

2000 kg  

DAY + NIGHT VFR / IFR

No restriction

English proficiency checked

850 kg   « VLA »

DAY VFR

(+ NIGHT VFR / IFR if certified engine)

English proficiency checked if in K airspace?

English or local language of overflown country if in ctl airspace

600 kg   « LSA »

DAY VFR

(+ NIGHT VFR if certified engine)

Lower airspace

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

slide10

POWERED FIXED / ROTARY WINGS : MAINTENANCE & CERTIFICATION

MTOM

maintenance

Certification

2000 kg  

Under owner responsability

Owner produced parts

EASA

Certification:

Declarative under

manufacturer (homebuilt or factory producted) responsability.

Modification :

Declarative under

manufacturer (homebuilt or factory producted) responsability

850 kg   « VLA »

600 kg   « LSA »

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft

450 / 472 kg

Annex II Acft