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  1. STRATEGIC ACTION PROGRAMME (SAP) AND ITS OPERATIONAL STRATEGY Programme for the Assessment and Control of Pollution in the Mediterranean Region (MED POL) U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan LBS and SAP

  2. STRATEGIC ACTION PROGRAMME • TO ADDRESS POLLUTION FROM LAND-BASED ACTIVITIES(SAP) • GENERAL OBJECTIVES • To improve the quality of the marine environment by better shared- management of land-based pollution • To facilitate the implementation of the LBS Protocol by the Contracting Parties SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES • Formulation of principles, approaches, measures, timetables and priorities for action • Preparation of a priority list of hot spots for intervention and investments • Analysis of expected baseline and additional actions needed to resolve transboundary priority problems • Identification of the elements for the formulation of National Action Plans • Identification of the role for NGOs in the implementation of the SAP U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan Strategic Action Programme

  3. STRATEGIC ACTION PROGRAMME • TO ADDRESS POLLUTION FROM LAND-BASED ACTIVITIES(SAP) • TARGETS AND ACTIVITIES: • The agreed targets and activities are identified at the national and the regional level and are of legal, institutional or technical nature. • THEY COVER: • Urban environment • Industrial development • Physical alterations and destruction of habitats • Monitoring • Capacity Building • Public Participation • Reporting • The SAP also contains Guidelines for the preparation of National Action Plans and an Investment portfolio. U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan Strategic Action Programme

  4. STRATEGIC ACTION PROGRAMME • TO ADDRESS POLLUTION FROM LAND-BASED ACTIVITIES(SAP) • URBAN ENVIRONMENT • Municipal sewage • Urban solid waste • Air pollution INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT • TPBs • Other Organohalogen Compounds • Other Heavy Metals • Radioactive substances • Nutrients and suspended solids • Hazardous wastes U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan Strategic Action Programme

  5. TPBs are: • Toxic • Persistent • Liable to Bioaccumulate • and they include: • Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) • Some heavy metals (Hg, Cd, Pb) • Some organo-metallic compounds (organo-mercuric, organo-lead and organo-tin compounds) U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan Strategic Action Programme

  6. Non measurable targets in a defined time framework All cities with more than 100000 inh.should have TP Measurable commitments in a defined time framework Reduction of x% of Nutrients by 20yy SAP CommitmentsUrban Environment Industrial Development SAP CommitmentsUrban Environment Industrial Development

  7. Compliance is indicated in National reporting system. Compliance is indicated, in relation to measurable value,in National reporting system. SAP CommitmentsUrban Environment Industrial Development

  8. SAP Implementation Plan U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan

  9. SAP Implementation Plan U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan

  10. SAP Implementation Plan U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan

  11. SAP Implementation Plan U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan

  12. SAP Implementation Plan U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan

  13. SAP Implementation Plan U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan

  14. SAP Operational Plan • To increase the prospect of success of the implementation of the SAP • To assist the countries to formulate of realistic ,applicable and treacable NAP priorities actions • To trigger the cooperation between CPs • To enhance the coordination with national and regional stackholders

  15. SAP Operational Plan • Defines the scope • Describes the conceptual framework • Proposes an institutional set up • Defines a multifonction control process for the implementation of the NAPs • Indicates approach and methodology to meet the agreed objectives of the SAP

  16. SAP Operational Plan • Defines the scope • Describes the conceptual framework • Proposes an institutional set up • Defines a multifonction control process for the implementation of the NAPs • Indicates approach and methodology to meet the agreed objectives of the SAP

  17. Scope • Guiding the CPs in the long term implementation of the SAP • Addressing LBS • Focussing on Urban and Industrial Point Sources. • Preparing the field to address Diffuse sources at later stage

  18. SAP Operational Plan • Defines the scope • Describes the conceptual framework • Proposes an institutional set up • Defines a multifonction control process for the implementation of the NAPs • Indicates approach and methodology to meet the agreed objectives of the SAP

  19. Conceptual framework • It includes • objectives, • principles and, • approaches which take into consideration the differents levels of socioeconomic, technical ,scientific and administrative competency of different cultural values and environmental priorities.

  20. SAP Operational Plan • Defines the scope • Describes the conceptual framework • Proposes an institutional set up • Defines a multifonction control process for the implementation of the NAPs • Indicates approach and methodology to meet the agreed objectives of the SAP

  21. Institutional arrangements • Role of actors and stackholders at National and Regional levels • Strengthen existing institutional set up to support the implementation of the SAP • Create new multidisciplinary local and national bodies as appropriate. • Define implementation process for the preparation of the NAPs.

  22. Phasing of the SAP implementation process Phase Milestone activities Note ________________________________________________________________________ Prerequisites - MED POL Phase III(Adopted) - LBS Protocol (Signed, not yet entered into force) - National Reports on Hot Spots and Sensitive areas (Prepared) - Preparation of the SAP (Prepared, approved) Initiation - Operational Document, draft MEDPOL (Done) -Operational Document, revised draft MEDPOL(Done), - Approved Operational Document CPs (Done)

  23. Phasing of the SAP implementation process Formulation of NAPs Preparation of inputs - Updating of National reports on MEDPOL Done Hot Spots and Sensitive areas - Preparation of NDA and BB Done - Preparation of sectoral programmesDone Preparation of NAPs - Preparation of NAPs Done - Adoption of NAPs 2005 - Adoption of list of priorities (national authorities) - Adoption of workplan and timetable "

  24. Phasing of the SAP implementation process Implementation of NAPs - Gradual implementation of NAPs According to NAP - Provision of assistance and support(National support, MED POL and international sources) Review and Update-fifth year review of SAP (MEDPOL and processesimplementation process national authorities) -fifth year update of the SAP according to the development international conventions Transversal activities- Participatory activities (FollowingSAP NAP provisions) - Monitoring, evaluation, reporting (Targets identified by SAP and NAP) - Readjustment of NAP, if needed (According evaluation of results and reports)

  25. SAP Operational Plan • Defines the scope • Describes the conceptual framework • Proposes an institutional set up • Defines a multifonction control process for the implementation of the NAPs • Indicates approach and methodology to meet the agreed objectives of the SAP

  26. Multifonction control process for the implementation of the NAPs • Progress monitoring and supervision • National and Regional compliance monitoring • Regional evaluation • Reporting • Public information on progress achieved

  27. SAP Operational Plan • Defines the scope • Describes the conceptual framework • Proposes an institutional set up • Defines a multifonction control process for the implementation of the NAPs • Indicates approach and methodology to meet the agreed objectives of the SAP

  28. Approach and methodologyfor Industrial Development • Identification of a National Baseline budget with reference to the year 2003 • Identification of the ratio release/production to track reduction targets • Implentation of BEP and BAT • Implementation of EIA

  29. REDUCTION OF RELEASES OF INDUSTRIAL POLLUTANTS INTO THE SEA • The National Budget approach • Applying a national budget approach will mean that "each Mediterranean country shall reduce by (x%) their aggregate releases of a targeted pollutant by the year (y) with a reference to a national baseline budget of releases for each SAP targeted pollutant" U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan SAP

  30. REDUCTION OF RELEASES OF INDUSTRIAL POLLUTANTS INTO THE SEA In order to apply the national budget approach: 1. each country should set up its own national "baseline budget" for each targeted pollutant, with the assistance of the Secretariat as needed; 2. the "national baseline budget" for a SAP targeted pollutant will be the sum of the individual releases; 3. any country may transfer internally release reduction targets between different activities generating the same pollutant according to the socioeconomic and environmental priorities prevailing in the country. The National Coordinators adopted the year 2003 as the year for calculating the budget of releases of each SAP targeted pollutant to be able to start the agreed reductions and monitor changes in subsequent years. U N E P /M A P United Nations Environment Programme -Mediterranean Action Plan SAP

  31. Approach and methodologyfor Urban Development • Tracking compliance through national reports • Effluents discharges should be in compliance with national standards or relevant standards • Coastal solid Waste Management compatible with guidelines • Ambient air quality in compliance with national standard or WHO guidelines

  32. Thank you