Act I. Romeo and Juliet. _______ in the streets caused by an ongoing feud. Benvolio – a Montague - tries to keep the peace. _______ – a Capulet - restarts the fight out of spite. Lord Capulet and Lord Montague join the fight.
Benvolio – a Montague - tries to keep the peace.
_______ – a Capulet - restarts the fight out of spite.
Lord Capulet and Lord Montague join the fight.
Prince Escalus – governor of the province of Verona – breaks up the riot with the threat of death to the next person who “disturbs Verona’s streets”.
Romeo arrives after the riot, heart-broken over Rosaline, a young woman who _________to be taken by him.Scene One
__________ asks for Juliet’s hand in marriage, offering money to her father as an incentive.
Lord Capulet invites Paris to a masquerade ball that evening.
Lord Capulet gives the guest list to a servant who can’t read.
This servant asks Benvolio and Romeo for help.
Benvolio and Romeo decide to____________ __________ will be there!!Scene Two
Crash the party
Romeo’s best friend Mercutio – the Prince’s nephew – laughs at Romeo’s fear over a dream he had that afternoon.
Mercutio tells a complicated tale about Queen Mab, the fairies’ midwife.
Mercutio hides a secret sadness with his drunken foolishness.
Romeo’s dream is not funny; he dreamt that he would die if he went to this party. This is called DRAMATIC IRONY.Scene Four
Dramatic Irony: when the audience knows something that the character does not.
Oxymoron: Use two contrasting terms together to emphasize confusion or humor.Important Vocabulary for Act I
They chase him through the back alleys, calling him names and chanting.
It is shortly after 12:00 am Monday morning.
Romeo climbs an orchard wall to escape their taunts.Scene One
Juliet, not knowing that Romeo was listening or even in the garden, prays that he will denounce his family and come to her.
Romeo jumps from the bushes; they talk long into the night, speaking of love, satisfaction, and finally marriage.
The nurse calls Juliet repeatedly; Mercutio keeps calling Romeo. Neither distracts the young lovers from their conversation.
Romeo promised to see Friar Laurence about the wedding plans.
Juliet will send the Nurse to see Romeo at the church at 9:00 am – a short four hours from now.Scene Two
We meet Friar Laurence for the first time. He is the local priest and Romeo’s mentor and confidante.
Mercutio and Benvolio tell of Tybalt's written challenge to Romeo – an answer to Romeo’s crashing the party on Sunday.
Both men fear that Romeo is too lovesick to win a duel with the skillful swordsman Tybalt.
The Nurse enters and asked for Romeo; she is a very haughty woman who invites teasing from the young men with Romeo.
Assuring her of his sincerity, Romeo tells the Nurse to tell Juliet to come to Friar Laurence’s room that afternoon to be married.Scene Four
Juliet waits impatiently for the Nurse to return; it has been three long hours since she left the Capulet house.
When she returns, The Nurse teases Juliet then tells her of the wedding plans.
Juliet has her father’s permission to go to prayers that afternoon, so no one will be suspicious of Juliet’s absence.Scene Five
The Friar is worried that Romeo and Juliet will “go too far” if he does not marry them quickly. Romeo’s intense physical attraction to Juliet frightens the old priest. Haste can only lead to despair, in his opinion.
Benvolio pleads with Mercutio not to be on the streets since if they are seen by the Capulets, there will be a fight.
Tybalt enters and challenges the men as Romeo arrives – only five minutes after his wedding.
Tybalt renews his challenge to Romeo.
Romeo does not want to fight his new cousin-in-law, so he wishes Tybalt peace and walks away.
Mercutio, thinking that Romeo is being a coward or a lovesick fool, challenges Tybalt.
Tybalt accepts the challenge humorously. He knows that Mercutio is drunk and a very poor swordsman.
Mercutio and Tybalt fight half-heartedly, but Romeo becomes fearful of what could happen to Mercutio.Scene One
Tybalt was coming toward Mercutio at the time and accidentally stabs Mercutio under Romeo’s arm.
Mercutio is struck to the heart while Tybalt stands confused. He never meant to hurt Mercutio.
Mercutio, dying, cursed both the Capulet and Montague houses for their bloodlust then crawls off stage to die.
Benvolio runs off stage but returns quickly to say that Mercutio is dead!
Tybalt runs in fear of Prince Escalus’ promised punishment.Scene One continued
Romeo, feeling guilty and angry, forgets his marriage and runs after Tybalt to kill him.
Romeo and Tybalt fight viciously until Tybalt is killed.
Romeo realizes what he has done in killing his wife’s favorite cousin …”I am Fortune’s Fool…”
Romeo runs away to Friar Laurence’s room.
Prince Escalus comes to see what is happening in the square and discovers his own nephew dead and Tybalt bloody in the streets.
Benvolio tries to explain, but Lady Capulet calls for Romeo’s blood.
The Prince believing Benvolio’s account of the fight only banishes Romeo from Verona. But, he promised Lady Capulet that if Romeo ever returns to Verona, he will be killed.Scene One continued
Juliet is anxiously awaiting for Romeo to arrive for their wedding night.
The Nurse comes to tell of a death, but she is so distracted that Juliet, at first, thinks that Romeo is dead.
Finding out that Tybalt is dead at Romeo’s hand, Juliet first curses Romeo then feeling guilty worries for his safety.
Juliet’s immaturity in handling problems shows here; she is still a child!
Juliet says that she will kill herself, but the Nurse talks her out of it by agreeing to go talk to Friar Laurence.
The Nurse is sent to the Friar to tell Romeo that Juliet still loves him and needs to see him.Scene Two
Romeo says that death is preferable to being sent away from his home forever.
The Friar reminds him for his responsibility to Juliet and tells him to stop whining like a little girl.
When the Nurse arrives to tell of Juliet’s reaction, Romeo tries to stab himself with garden shears.
The Friar slaps him to the floor.
The Friar has a plan:Scene Three
Romeo is to go to Mantua – a town 10 miles away – until the Friar can:
Lord Capulet, not knowing about Juliet’s marriage, tells Count Paris that they should postpone their wedding until Juliet has mourned over Tybalt.
Count Paris insists that a wedding would help Juliet with her grief.
Lord Capulet finally agrees to the wedding in three days.
Lord Capulet instructs Lady Capulet to go to Juliet first thing in the morning – Tuesday morning – to tell her the good news about the wedding.Scene Four
As the scene opens, the lark is singing outside – a sign that the sun has already rose on the lovers.
The lovers part quickly with Juliet asking if they will ever meet again.
Lady Capulet enters to tell Juliet of her approaching wedding.
Juliet – for the first time in her life – screams at her mother. She says that she WILL NOT marry Count Paris or any one else!!
Lady Capulet tells Lord Capulet, and he breaks into Juliet’s room with an ultimatum: she will marry Paris, or he will disown her – throw her into the street to die.
Juliet turns to her mother for help only to be told that her mother wishes that Juliet had never been born!
Both parents have now rejected the frighten girl, so she turns to the person who always helps her, the Nurse.
But, the Nurse does not side with Juliet this time. She tells her to forget Romeo and marry the wealthy Paris.
Juliet is shocked, so shocked that she fires the Nurse. Juliet tells the Nurse that she is never to speak to her again.Scene Five
Juliet grows up at the moment. From this point on, she will become a young woman making adult decisions and mistakes.
Juliet decides that she must go to Friar Laurence, but she cannot leave the house without permission – permission she won’t get unless she agrees to marry Paris.
For the second time, Juliet lies to her father.
She apologizes for her outburst, agrees to marry Paris, and asks permission to go to Confession to repent of her sins.
What Juliet really intends to do is get Friar Laurence to take her to Romeo or give her a plan of escape from the marriage to Paris.
The Nurse will know nothing of these plans. This will prove to be a major mistake for Romeo and Juliet.Scene Five continued
Juliet meets Paris at the Friar’s room and is terrified when he mentions their marriage.
Lord Capulet is so happy that Juliet is acting as she should that he changes the wedding day to Wednesday instead of Thursday.
Juliet must now take the potion a day early, but she neglects to tell Friar Laurence who still believes that he has two days to reach Romeo.Scene Two
The Nurse helps Juliet prepare for the wedding, but Juliet still refuses to speak with her.
Lord and Lady Capulet joyously make the final preparations for the wedding on Wednesday morning.
Paris arrives, and the Nurse is sent to wake Juliet for her big day.
Friar Laurence gives a letter to Friar John – the Postmaster – to take to Romeo.
Friar John riding on an old donkey usually takes two days to get to Mantua.
Romeo would receive the letter Friday morning.Scene Four
The family is devastated, particularly her father.
Paris and the Friar enter to hear the sad news.
Friar Laurence is worried, but he encourages the family to bury her quickly.
He must find a way to get another letter to Romeo before the news of Juliet’s “death” spreads.Scene Five
Balthasar, Romeo’s servant, having seen the funeral, arrives in Mantua with bad news.
Romeo, not having received Friar Laurence’s letter, does not know that this is a hoax – Dramatic Irony.
Feeling guilty, Romeo visits the apothecary where he buys poison.
Romeo and Balthasar leave Mantua, passing Friar John as he enters the city.Scene One
Paris, coming to the crypt with flowers, meets Romeo and tries to stop him from going to the crypt.
He thinks that Romeo, a Montague, means to vandalize the grave of the Capulet’s.
Romeo warns Paris to leave, but Paris attacks him.
As he dies, Paris asks Romeo to put him in the crypt.
Romeo calls Paris another “fortune’s fool”.Scene Three - A
Romeo then delivers a SOLILIQUY (speech to himself) telling of Juliet’s beauty even in death and accusing her of being “Death’s paramour”.
Romeo drinks the poison and dies.
Friar Laurence arrives seconds later to find Romeo and Paris dead and Juliet awakening.
The Friar tells Juliet of the deaths.
The Friar hears the night watchman coming and begs Juliet to come with him.
When she refuses, he flees in terror.Scene Three - B
When this does not work, she stabs herself with his dagger.
A night watchman finds the open crypt with three fresh bodies.
Another watchman finds Friar Laurence and Balthasar hiding in the crypt garden.Scene Three - C
The Prince, who was at Mercutio’s crypt, arrives immediately.
Friar Laurence confesses all and awaits punishment, being sure to tell that the Nurse was involved.
Balthasar, Romeo’s servant, gives Prince Escalus a letter from Romeo, in which he admits his deception and asks for forgiveness for Juliet and Friar Laurence.Scene Three - D
The Prince blames all of the families and those who should have known better for these deaths.
The two families repent of the feud and agree to bury their children together in a new crypt.
The Prince pronounces judgment on those responsible for the deeds done.
The Prince then delivers a eulogy for the “star-crossed lovers”.
He ends with: “For never was there a tale of more woe/Than this of Juliet and her Romeo.”Scene Three - E