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Rise of Christianity in Rome. The Teachings of Jesus. Jesus born in Bethlehem in Judea He was both a Jew and Roman citizen He was baptized by John the Baptist. Jesus’ Message. By age 30, he began preaching publicly and for 3 years he: Preached Taught Did good works

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the teachings of jesus
The Teachings of Jesus
  • Jesus born in Bethlehem in Judea
  • He was both a Jew and Roman citizen
  • He was baptized by John the Baptist
jesus message
Jesus’ Message
  • By age 30, he began preaching publicly and for 3 years he:
    • Preached
    • Taught
    • Did good works
    • Performed miracles
  • Contained many ideas of Judaism such as: Monotheism and the 10 Commandments
  • He emphasized God’s personal relationship with each human being.
jesus message1
Jesus’ Message
  • Stressed importance of love for God, neighbors, enemies and even their own selves.
  • He gathered 12 apostles or pupils = disciples
  • Main source of information about Jesus comes from the Gospels – the first 4 books of the New Testament of the Bible
  • Gospels written by one or more of the apostles (disciples).
jesus death
Jesus’ Death
  • The people called him the Messiah which means King.
  • This worried the Roman and Jewish leaders, Pontius Pilate a Roman governor arrested Jesus.
  • Sentenced to be crucified or nailed to a cross.
resurrection
Resurrection
  • According to Gospels he rose from the dead and ascended to heaven
  • One of the first apostles, Peter, spread the teachings of Jesus throughout Palestine and Syria
christianity spreads
Christianity Spreads
  • Another apostle, Paul had enormous influence of the development of Christianity
  • Spread during the Pax Romana where conditions were safe for travel on the RomanRoads.
  • Paul stressed that Jesus was the son of God who died for people’s sins.
jewish rebellion
Jewish Rebellion
  • The Jews eventually rebelled against control of Romans
  • About half million Jews died trying to break free from Roman control.
  • This caused a Diaspora – when mass Jews were driven from their homeland in Jerusalem into exile.
persecution of the christians
Persecution of the Christians
  • Christians would not worship Roman Gods = viewed as opposition to Roman rule
  • Some Romans blamed bad economic conditions on Christians
  • When a disastrous fire occurred in Rome, and Emperor Nero blamed the Christians and ordered them to be persecuted.
  • Thousands were exiled, imprisoned, crucified, burned or killed by animals in circus arenas
a world religion
A World Religion
  • Christianity still survived because of widespread appeal:
    • 1. Embraced all people
    • 2. Gave hope to the powerless
    • 3. Appealed to people who rejected the extravagances of imperial Rome
    • 4.Offered apersonal relationship with a loving God
    • 5. Promised life after death.
pictures cited
Pictures Cited
  • Slide 1 – http://timothyministries.org/images/Jesus_Nativity.jpg
  • Slide 2 – http://www.utilitarianism.com/jesus-christ.jpg
  • Slide 3 – http://www.chappellhillumc.org/images/IMG_0734_edited.JPG
  • Slide 4 – http://sovereignjohn.files.wordpress.com/2007/09/ten-commandments.jpg
  • Slide 5 – http://www.srichinmoycentre.org/images/jesus_christ.jpg
  • Slide 6 – http://www.truecatholic.org/pix/sc12.jpg
  • Slide 7 – http://www.stmatthewsnj.org/blog/wp-content/uploads/2006/05/Ascension.jpg
  • Slide 8 – http://artfiles.art.com/images/-/El-Greco/Saint-Paul-the-Apostle-Giclee-Print-C12983506.jpeg
  • Slide 9 – http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/meast/9905/18/knesset.01/israel.jerusalem.map.jpg
  • Slide 11 – http://www.freefoto.com/images/05/08/05_08_10---Cross-at-Sunset_web.jpg