Bites and stings.
Australia has a wide range of animals that can bite and sting. Most are non-lethal, simply causing pain and discomfort, however, some bites and stings can further complicate matters. Treatment for bites and stings varies depending upon the type of animal or insect involved but, in general, for all bites and stings the first aider should try to keep the patient completely still, manage their pain and Endeavour to stop any further release of venom.
Will vary to the animal or insect, it includes:
The body is designed to function effectively at a constant temperature of approximately 37*c. The environment or activities a person is doing affects the temperature causing it to rise or fall significantly, the body can no longer function properly. Heat induced illness is called hyperthermia. It is caused by excessive physical exertion, hot climatic condition coupled with high humidity, inadequate fluid intake and infection. The elderly and young children are especially prone to hyperthermia. There are different levels of heat induced illness ranging from heat swelling and heat cramps to heat exhaustion and heatstroke. All body organs are affected by heatstroke, which is potentially lethal condition.
Hypothermia occurs when the body experiences overexposure to cold temperatures causing the core body temperature to drop. The extremities are often the first thing to be affected from ever exposure to cold, as blood vessels in the skin will shut down to prevent core heat from escaping. Hypothermia can be categorized as mild, moderate or severe. The further the body temperature falls, the more life threatening the condition.
Moderate hypothermia (33*c-30*c)