Mary Shelley’s. FRANKENSTEIN Tosspon English 12 – Sacramento High School. The original title was Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus. Prometheus was a mythological god who according to one story, steals fire from Jupiter to help the mortals on earth. Another version of this myth
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Tosspon English 12 – Sacramento High School
Prometheus was a mythological god who according to
one story, steals fire from Jupiter to help
the mortals on earth.
createsa human being by breathing life into a clay body.
Shelley was 19 yearsoldwhenshe wrote this Gothic novel in 1816. Atthetimeshewas married to a poet, Percy Shelley, who helped her with the editing processofthisnovel.
The weather was unseasonablycold. For entertainment, Mary Shelley, her husband (poet) Percy Bysshe Shelley, (poet) Lord Byron, and Jane Clairmont would sitaroundreadingghoststories.
Mary Shelley’s story is based on her life experiences, her dreams, and scientific research and experiments of that time period.
Repeatedly Mary dreamt her baby was just cold, and that she herself broughtherdaughterbacktolife after messaging the infant’slifelessbody while sitting next to a warm fire.
[unhallowed: against what is considered holy and sacred; immoral and unethical according to society’s standards]
Mary Shelley’s gothic novel was published in 1818 when she was just 21. She went on to publish other works, but none ever matched the popularity of FRANKENSTEIN.
Luigi Galvani was one scientist that believed that “electricity” was the life force for living beings.
Luigi’s nephew, Giovanni Aldini, took the experiment one step further. In London, on January 17, 1803, he publicly performed this experiment on the corpse of a human being, a prisoner that had been executed by hanging.
Giovanni reported, “the jaw began to quiver, the adjoining muscles were horribly contorted, and the left eye actually opened.”(Frankenstein, p. xx)
With Frankenstein, the sci-fierabegan. The novel contains the 3 elements essential for all sciencefiction work: (1)“it’s based on validscientificresearch; (2)gives a persuasiveprediction of what sciencemightachieve in the future; (3) and it offers a humanistic critique of the benefits and dangers of either the achievement or scientificthought.” (p. xx)
This movement is not about “romance or love” but about disillusionedliberals who were tired of the common people being oppressed by tyrantrulers. This time period happens simultaneously with revolutions around the world: the American R. 1776, the FrenchR. 1789, the FrenchReignofTerror 1793, Napoleon is crowned Emperor--1804.
Natureimagery is a keyelement in Romantic literature because human tyranny could notcontrolnature. For the Romantics, nature represented peace and they believed that all emotionalhealingcame from nature.
[Nature imagery is abundant in Frankenstein.]
The setting is usually in medievalcastles built in the Gothicstyle (like McMurry University) of architecture—with secretpassageways, dungeons, and towers.