The ABCs of WWII. By : Mrs. Kennedy’s class. A. Allied Powers By: Joseph.
By:Mrs. Kennedy’s class
Allied Powers- The countries USSR ( Soviet Union or Russia), United States of America, Egypt, Great Britain , France, etc… joined together and battled against the Axis Powers ( Italy, Japan, Germany, and East Prussia) in World War II. In the end the Allied Powers defeated Japan by dropping atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima, Japan.
The atomic bomb is a cruel and deadly bomb that can destroy areas of land. The U.S. used it against Japan. After, what the Japanese saw what the bomb could do, they surrendered.
By: Milton & Daniel
The Arizona was the famous battleship that was sunk by the Japanese in the surprise attack of Pearl Harbor. Today this ship stills remains in the middle of the harbor as a museum.
Germany, Japan, Italy, and East Prussia agreed to work together in 1936. The dictatorships called themselves the Axis Powers. The Axis Powers were the enemy in World War II.
The Big Three
The Big Three was the name given to Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin.They were the leaders of the Allied forces and met to discuss strategies to defeat Germany.
Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. was one of the first black Americans to be a general and lead the 99th Pursuit Squadron called the Black Eagles.
Churchill was the Prime Minister of Great Britain. During World War II, he meet with Franklin Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin to discuss the war and attack strategies on the Axis Powers.
Concentration Camps- camps where Nazis were holding Jewish people and other prisoners of war. Most of the people in these camps were persecuted and given cruel treatment.
By: Evan Greer
D-Day stands for Designated-Day. It was very important because the Americans sent out false signals saying they were attacking in Cabis, France, but they were actually attacking in Normandy, France. Because of these false signals Hitler sent most of his best troops there. This was the biggest invasion in history. Facts- 600 warships, 4,000 other boats, 176,000 soldiers, 100,000 tons of supplies, 50,000 vehicles, and more than 325,000 soldiers all landed for this battle.
Dictator- ruler with absolute power in a country.
Eisenhower was the general in charge of U.S. forces in Europe. He helped earn back France in the battle of Normandy. He led many great battles to defeat the Axis Powers.
Fireside Chat is the name given to the radio program Franklin D. Roosevelt used to update the American people on the affairs of the United States.
By: Andrew K.
On August 6, 1945, President Truman had approval to order the first atomic bomb to be dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. This was his way to end the causalities and deaths occurring from WWII.
Hitler came to power and built up a political party called Nazis. Because of the loss of WWI the Germans suffered and turned to Hitler. He promised to win back lost jobs and make them a great nation again. He hated Jews, Poles, and Gypsies. He told his Nazi followers that the reason they had lost WWI was because of Jews and the Nazis believed him. Hitler slaughtered over 6 million Jews and millions of Poles and Gypsies.
In the Holocaust, more than 6 million Jews and several million other people perished in concentrations camps and else where. The mass murder of millions of Jews and other people by the Nazis is known as the Holocaust. The Jews had to wear the Star of David to identify them self.
The Home Front is what people did for the war while at home. They would send books and materials to soldiers. Held scraps drives and flew flags to support the war.
Internment or Relocation camps were prison-like places for the Japanese Americans. Many Americans feared all Japanese citizens were loyal to Japan and were spies. Despite rough housing conditions, they still should patriotism toward the U.S.
Isolationism-the policy of staying out of international affairs. Isolationism is where one country/state is separated from one another. The U.S. was isolated from the war until the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
By: Andrew K
February 19th 1945 U.S. Marines fought on Iwo Jima. This island was important to fight for since it was a key bases to attack Japan. They put the American Flag on Mount Suribachi. Mount Suribachi is about 750 miles away from Tokyo, Japan.
Jews were people that got sent to concentration camps because of their religion by Hitler. They had to put the star of David on their clothing to identify themselves.
Kamikaze pilots were ones who would sacrifice their life in any battle to perform their war duties. Many pilots would purposely wreck right into aircraft carriers.
By: Cathy & Kelsey
Roosevelt’s Lend-Lease Act became a law that would “lend” or “lease” war materials to Britain. These materials were needed to fight against Germany.
The Marshall plan is the name of economic assistance from the U.S. to European nations after WWII. This was to help the countries rebuild.
By: Milton and Phillip
Midway was very important battle to gain an island or key base for the attack against Japan. We broke Japan’s secret code and were ready for the attack! The battle was fought by many aircraft carriers.
Benito Mussolini wasthe Italian dictatorthat brought Italy into World War II. In 1945, after conquering most of Africa with Hitler, Mussolini was shot by Italian Partisans.
By: Sindhu P.
On August 9, 1945, the United States dropped the second atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki, Japan. The bomb killed 60,000 people when it was dropped and for days, radiation killed another 100,000 Japanese people.
By: Kimberly P.
Germany and its soldiers were directed by Adolf Hitler. His dictatorship was called the Nazi party. He made Germany a world power and tried to conquer the world.
A nisei person is one that is a United States citizen born in America to parents of Japanese descent. Nisei people tried show patriotism by help with war efforts.
Okinawa was one of Japan’s islands. This was also a site of a major battle during the war.
While the men where at war, many people showed support and love for one’s own country. Women with husbands gone ran the household. Men that were too young or too old for armed forces filled jobs. Older Americans volunteered for the Red Cross. Many Mexicans created braceros, helping arms. Children also helped. They sent Christmas presents to the soldiers. They also bought War Stamps. These were ways people showed patriotism or love and support for one’s own country.
Queen Elizabeth’s Castle
Queen Elizabeth was the ruler of Great Britain.She refused to leave her castle and her people during the war. Her castle was a brick structure that had a huge garden in front and in the back. During the war, nearby St. Paul’s Cathedral was bombed. The queen was outraged by this.
Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president in 1932. He grew to become a great president after dealing with the Great Depression and most of World War II. In 1945 Roosevelt died of polio. His country respected him greatly from getting Americans out of the war and the Great Depression.
Rosie the Riveter
Rosie the Riveter was a symbol for the women in the work force. Many women took the place of men in factories. They made war materials including ships and planes.
Joseph Stalin was one of the big three, along with Churchill and Roosevelt. Joseph Stalin was a revolutionary leader who became head of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party. He was a ruthless and ambitious dictator who dealt severely political opponents.
The symbol the Nazis used to identify themselves was the swastika. The Nazis were a large number of Germans who were led by a dictator named Adolf, Hitler. They despised Jews, Gypsies, and people from Poland.
General Hideki Tojo
General Tojo was the dictator or the ruler of the Japanese forces in WWII.
By: Evan Greer
Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945 from polio. Harry Truman, Vice President, became president. He made many decisions to help America end the war. He was reelected for a second term.
The Tuskegee Airmen were African Americans pilots who fought for the U.S. They were the best of the best. They couldn’t get shot down no matter how hard they tried. Even though they were great, they couldn’t fight with white Americans because of segregation.
By: Sindhu P.
After WWII, the United States did not want to make the same mistake it did after WWI. The United States joined a national peacekeeping organization called the United Nations, and allowed the Headquarters to be built in New York City.
By: Sindhu & Laura
V-E Day is short for victory in Europe when Germany surrendered on May 8, 1945.
V-J Day is short for victory in Japan. After the bombing of two of its major cities, Japan surrendered.
By: Laura B.
During WWII, many people had victory gardens. Victory gardens are gardens that are dedicated to soldiers off in the battlefields fighting. Many people felt that they were a part of the war by planting victory gardens.
Veterans were soldiers who returned from war. The government then put up a new law the GI Bill of Rights. It enabled the soldiers to have money for a house, money to start a business, and other needs. More than 70% of the veterans took advantage of this bill.
The War Bond is a certificate sold by the United States government to pay for the war damages.
By: Joun and Kyle
These were some of the weapons that were used in WWII. They caused numerous deaths and casualties.
By: Kelsey & Daria
X is the symbol of the Flying Cross, a medal presented to many members of the 99th African American Squadron during the war.
By: Kyle & Joun
The Yorktown was a famous ship and the only one the Japanese sank during a battle in the Pacific. We had discovered their secret code and were ready for the attack. This battle was also a turning point in the war against Japan.
By: Kenny & Montana
General Yamamoto was the Japanese mastermind that planned the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor.
Zyklon B. Gas
Zyklon B gas - this is a direct quote from the American Adventures SS book " Under the Third Reich, genocide (the deliberate murder of entire groups of people) became a massive industry. Germany's largest corporations competed to design and build efficient death camps. For example, the chemical company I.G. Farben developed Zyklon B, a crystal that could kill hundreds of people in a gas chamber within minutes. Prisoners directed to these chambers often thought they were being led to showers."
This alphabet book of World War II is dedicated to the veterans who fought in World War II.