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Monument of the Eponymous Heroes PowerPoint Presentation
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Monument of the Eponymous Heroes

Monument of the Eponymous Heroes

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Monument of the Eponymous Heroes

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  1. Lin Guenther Monument of the Eponymous Heroes

  2. The beginnings • 508 B.C.: Cleisthenes creates ten tribes of Athens • Tribes named after ancient heroes • Eponymous: giving one’s name to a tribe or place. • Oracle of Apollo at Delphi chose names from list

  3. The Agora Source: http://plato-dialogues.org/tools/agora.htm

  4. The monument as the central hub for public announcements: • Proposed legislation • Lawsuits • Summons for military service Source: http://depthome.brooklyn.cuny.edu/classics/dunkle/athnlife/epnymous.htm

  5. Model Monument of the Eponymous Heroes Source: http://flickr.com/photos/14122758@N06/1445259054

  6. The Heroes • Erechtheus (Erechtheis) • Aegeus (Aegeis) • Pandion (Pandionis) • Leos (Leontis) • Acamas (Acamantis) • Oeneus (Oeneis) • Cecrops (Cecropis) • Hippothoon (Hippothontis) • Aiax (Aiantis) • Antiochos (Antiochis) The heroes had no significant relation to the tribe which they represented.

  7. Erechtheus • Early king of Athens • Raised by Athena • Erechtheion named after him... • Aegeus • Father of Theseus • Aegean Sea named after him • Pandion • Early king of Athens • Father of Aegeus • Leos • Sacrificed his daughters for Athens • Leocorium • Acamas • Son of Theseus • Involved in Trojan War

  8. Oeneus • Son of Pandion • Cecrops • Founder of Athens • Half man, half serpent • First to sacrifice to Athena • Hippothoon • Son of Poseidon • Ajax • Great warrior • Antiochos • Son of Herakles

  9. Importance of one’s tribe • By tribe an Athenian would : • Be allotted to public office • Vote • Perform in coral dances in the theatre • Compete in sacred games • Serve in council • Be conscripted • Fight in battle

  10. Today Source: http://www.nubiannilecruises.com/greece/general_info/The%20Ancient%20Agora%20of%20Athens_files/IMAGE005.JPG Source: http://depthome.brooklyn.cuny.edu/classics/dunkle/athnlife/epnymous.htm

  11. Restructuring the Heroes • Antigonos & Demetrios • Macedonian kings • Added 307/6 B.C....removed end of 3rd Cent. B.C. due to war against Macedon • Ptolemy III Euergetes: 224-3 B.C. • King Attalos: 200 B.C. • Hadrian: 124/5 B.C.