Legal Environment of Business. How to locate New Jersey case law, statutes and administrative law. The Basics Understanding forms of legal citation What is the law? Types of law. Part One. Part Two. Part Three. What are statutes? How to find and cite statutes?.
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How to locate New Jersey case law, statutes and administrative law
Understanding forms of legal citation
What is the law? Types of law
What are statutes?
How to find and cite statutes?
Case law; how to find it, cite it and make sure it’s still good law
Administrative law, rules and regulations
A statute refers to a law enacted by a legislative body such as the N.J. State Legislature. Once a bill has been passed by both houses of the state legislature and is signed by the Governor, the law or statute becomes a part of New Jersey Statutes Annotated or NJSA.
N. J. Senate
NJSA is organized into 59 subject areas called “Titles”.
For example Title 12A contains laws relating to commercial transactions and Title 56 contains laws pertaining to tradenames, trade marks and unfair trading practices.
N.J.S.A. §17:10-2(2010) Title 17, Section 10 dash 2
This is the official citation to New Jersey Statutes Annotated
N.J. Stat. § 12A:3-115(2010) Title 12A, section 3 dash 115
Citation to New Jersey statutes used by
For legal citations “how to”, use the Bluebook: a Uniform System of Citation Ref KF245 .B853 2005
Case law is the law as pronounced by judges and is often referred to as the opinions of the courts.
The two main courts for the State of New Jersey are the New Jersey Supreme Court and the New Jersey Superior Court.
Martindale v. Sandvik 173 N.J. 76 ; 800 A.2d 872; 2002 N.J. LEXIS 1073
Official citation to the New Jersey Supreme Court , volume 173, page 76
Citation in LexisNexis
Parallel citation in another publication, Atlantic Reporter, 2nd edition
The Supreme Court of New Jersey is the highest court in the state for New Jersey legal matters. A case decided in the Superior Court of New Jersey may seek an appeal to the Supreme Court. The NJ Supreme Court decides whether or not to grant certiorari.
Oscar v. Simeonidis 352N.J. Super. 476 ; 800 A.2d 271;
2002 N.J. Super. LEXIS 330
Citation in LexisNexis
Official citation to the Superior Court of New Jersey
volume 352, page 476
Parallel citation in another publication, Atlantic Reporter, 2nd edition, volume 800, page 271
Once you understand how an opinion is cited, it is easy to recognize a reference to a case. The first number refers to the volume of the print version of the case, the abbreviation refers to a specific reporter series and the second number is the page the case starts on. This same citation can be used to locate a case in LexisNexis Academic also.
You might also see a reference to a case in a federal district court in New Jersey. Such a case might deal with a federal question or perhaps deal with an issue between two different states such as NJ and PA. Citations to cases in the US District Courts are usually published in the Federal Supplement which is abbreviated F. Supp.
New Jersey is in the third district.
Duffy v. Charles Schwab & Co., CIVIL ACTION NO. 98-4595 (MLC), UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEW JERSEY, 123 F. Supp. 2d 802; 2000 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 19629, December 21, 2000, Decided
Example of a citation to US District Court Case
This case appeared in the Federal Supplement, 2nd edition, volume 123, page 802.
Rules and Regulations
How to Recognize and Cite a New Jersey Regulation
N.J.A.C. 13:45A-26.2 (2010), Automotive Dispute Resolution , (Div. of Consumer Affairs)
The Division of Consumer Affairs has set up an office and a process for disputes concerning the automotive lemon law.
Official citation to the New Jersey Administrative Code
Title 13, Chapter 45A, Section 26.2
Administrative regulations are rules issued by government agencies such as the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection or the Department of Law and Public Safety. These agencies were created by the legislature and their rules and regulations have the full force and effect of law. Rules and Regulations are published in the New Jersey Administrative Code (NJAC).
What is the relationship between statute, case law and administrative code?
Judges may interpret and apply statutes although not all opinions of the court involve statutory law. Courts may also determine that a statute is unconstitutional.
Statutes may also be written in a legal area previously based on common law. Statutes can override common law.
Administrative and executive agencies may be charged by the State Legislature to develop rules and regulations pertaining to a statute. These rules and regulations have the full force and effect of law. For example, the Division of Consumer Affairs set up rules and regulations for handling NJ Lemon Law claims.