ᏣᎳᎩ ᎦᏬᏂᎯᏍᏗ 231 ᏚᎵᏍᏗ 10, 2014
Extra Credit Homework Homework 1 – 3 is Word Search sheets. Howeworks are 30 points. Extra credit homework – Transcribe 19th Century history book written in Syllabary. 10 points extra credit per page, max 3 pages. Contact Hartwell for extra credit sheets.
Pronouns with Nouns Deverbal Nouns Nouns that are closely related to Verbs Imperfective Agent Nouns
Pronouns with Nouns Imperfective Agent Nouns are built on the Imperfective Stem. The Imperfective Agent Final -i is suffixed to the Imperfective Stem.
Pronouns with Nouns Noun 'worker' Dulvhwisdanehvi. She was working. d-u-lvhwisdaneh-vi -lvhwisdaneh- 'working Imperfective' Tsulvhwisdanehi 'she/he worker'
Pronouns with Nouns Identify Pronoun Pattern tsulvhwisdanehi 'he/she worker' digilvhwisdanehi 'I worker' ditsalvhwisdanehi 'you worker' u- 3rd Person Singular agi- 1st Person Singular
Pronouns with Nouns Identify Pronoun Pattern u- 3rd Person Singular agi- 1st Person Singular agi- ~ u- Consonant Stem Pronoun Pattern
Pronouns with Nouns Dual Forms agi- ~ u- Consonant Stem Pattern Tsoginilvwisdanehi 'I and he workers' Diginilvwisdanehi 'I and you workers' Disdilvwisdanehi 'you two workers'
Pronouns with Nouns Plural Forms agi- ~ u- Consonant Stem Pattern Tsogilvwisdanehi 'I and they ...' Digilvwisdanehi 'I and you all ...' Ditsilvwisdanehi 'you all workers' Tsunilvwisdanehi 'they workers'
Pronouns with Nouns Imperfective Agent Nouns are built on the Imperfective Stem. The Imperfective Agent Final -i is suffixed to the Imperfective Stem. Digadeyohvsgi 'I teacher' di-g-adeyohvsg-i
Pronouns with Nouns Identify Pronoun Pattern Digadeyohvsgi 'I teacher' di-g-adeyohvsg-i Didehyohvsgi 'he/she teacher' di-0-dehyohvsg-i
Pronouns with Nouns Identify Pronoun Pattern Didehyohvsgi 'he/she teacher' di-0-dehyohvsg-i The di- Noun Plural and the a- 3rd Person Singualar combine to di-.
Pronouns with Nouns Identify Pronoun Pattern di-g-adeyohvsg-i 'I teacher' di-0-dehyohvsg-i 'he/she teacher' g- ~ a- a-Vowel Stem Pronoun Pattern
Pronouns with Nouns Singular forms g- ~ a- a-Vowel Stem Pronoun Pattern digadeyohvsgi 'I teacher' tadehyohvsgi 'you teacher' didehyohvsgi 'she/he teacher' di-h- > t for 2nd Person Singular
Pronouns with Nouns Dual forms g- ~ a- a-Vowel Stem Pronoun Pattern tsosdadehyohvsgi 'I & she teachers' dínadehyohvsgi 'I & you teachers' disdadehyohvsgi 'you two teachers'
Pronouns with Nouns Plural forms g- ~ a- a-Vowel Stem Pronoun Pattern tsotsadehyohvsgi 'I & them teachers' didadehyohvsgi 'I & you all teachers' ditsadehyohvsgi 'you all teachers' din(a)dehyohvsgi 'they teachers'
Verbs – Review Review Cherokee 132 017PPVerbOverview032414 Powerpoint presentation.
Verbs – Two Categories Two Structural Categories of Verbs in Cherokee language 1. Agi-/Agw- Verbs Verbs that take Agi-/Agw- Set Pronouns in all Intransitive forms. 2. All the other Verbs
Verbs – Five Stems Verb Stems are made of a lexical Base with suffixed Stems. Imperfective Stem Present Stem Immediate Stem These forms take Tsi-/G- Set Pronouns
Verbs – Five Stems Verb Stems are made of a lexical Base with suffixed Stems. Perfective Stem Infinitive Stem These forms take Agi-/Agw- Set Pronouns
Verbs – D Feeling Dictionary Six Line Format for Five Stems 1. 3rd Sg. Present 2. 1st Sg. Present 3. 3rd Sg. Perfective 4. 3rd Sg. Imperfective 5. 2nd Sg. Immediate 6. 3rd Sg. Infinitive
Present 'working' Dulvhwisdaneha. Dagilvhwisdaneha. d-u-lvhwisdaneha d- Event Plural u- 3rd Person Singular
Present 'working' Dulvhwisdaneha. Dagilvhwisdaneha. u- 3rd Person Singular agi- 1st Person Singular Present Stem Conclusion: This is an Agi-/Agw- Verb that exceptionally takes Agi-/Agw- Pronouns in all Intransitive forms.
Present 'working' Dulvhwisdaneha. Dagilvhwisdaneha. u- 3rd Person Singular agi- 1st Person Singular Conclusion: agi- ~ u- Consonant Stem Pronoun Pattern
Adawoa. ~ Gadawoa. Adawoa. She’s swimming. Gadawoa. I’m swimming. 3rd Singular Pronoun and 1st Singular Pronoun a- 'she/he' and g- 'I' provide the information we need to predict all other pronouns for this Verb Word set.
Isolate the Present Stem Adawoa. He is swimming. Gadawoa. I am swimming. g- ~ a- Pronoun Pattern indicates -adawoa ‘is swimming Present Stem’ g- ~ a- a-Vowel Stem Pronoun Pattern
Recite 10 Present Verb Word Sentences Gadawoa. I am swimming. Hadawoa. You are swimming. Adawoa. She is swimming. Osdadawoa. He and I are swimming. Otsadawoa. They and I are swimming. Inadawoa. You alone and I are swimming. Idadawoa. You all and I are swimming. Sdadawoa. You two are swimming. Itsadawoa. You all are swimming. Anadawoa. They are swimming.
Udawovi. He/She swam. Next Feeling (1975) provides the 3rd Person Singular Perfective Experienced Verb Word Sentence. Udawovi. She/He/It swam. u- 3rd Singular Agi-/Agw- Set Pronoun -adawo- Perfective Stem -vi Experienced Final (Speaker Experience)
Recite 10 Perfective Experienced Agwadawovi. I swam. Tsadawovi. You swam. Udawovi. He swam. Oginadawovi. She and I swam. Ogadawovi. They and I swam. Ginadawovi. You alone and I swam. Igadawovi. You all and I swam. Sdadawovi. You two swam. Itsadawovi. You all swam. Unadawovi. They swam.
Adawosgoi. She/He swims. Feeling (1975) presents the 3rd Person Singular Imperfective Habitual Verb Word Sentence. Adawosgoi. He/She/It swims. a- 3rd Singular Tsi-/G- Set Pronoun -adawosg- Imperfective Stem -oi Habitual Final
Recite 10 Imperfective Habitual Gadawosgoi. I swim. Hadawosgoi. You swim. Adawosgoi. She swims. Osdadawosgoi. He and I swim. Otsadawosgoi. They and I swim. Inadawosgoi. You alone and I swim. Idadawosgoi. You all and I swim. Sdadawosgoi. You two swim. Itsadawosgoi. You all swim. Anadawosgoi. They swim.
Hadawotsa! Swim! Feeling (1975) presents the 2nd Person Singular Immediate Command Verb Word Sentence. Hadawotsa! Swim! [you singular swim] h- 2nd Singular Tsi-/G- Set Pronoun -adawotsa Immediate Stem
Recite 2nd Person Commands Hadawotsa! Swim! Sdadawotsa! You two swim! Itsadawotsa! You all swim!
Udawosdi … …him/her to swim. Feeling (1975) presents the 3rd Person Singular Infinitive Complement Verb Word Phrase. u- 3rdSingular Agi-/Agw- Set Pronoun -adawosdi Infinitive Stem (pitch accent creates Infinitive Complement)
Recite 10 Infinitive Complement … agwaduliha. I want … Agwadawosdi… …for me to swim. Tsadawosdi… …for you to swim. Udawosdi… …for her/him to swim. Oginadawosdi… …for me and him to swim. Ogadawosdi… …for me and them to swim. Ginadawosdi… …for me and you alone to swim. Igadawosdi… …for me and you all to swim. Sdadawosdi… …for you two to swim. Itsadawosdi… …for you all to swim. Unadawosdi… …for them to swim
Vsgi Nigaa! Vsgi nigaa! That’s all. Now you know some Noun structure and we have refreshed your memory on Verbs..