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WAR OF 1812. Reasons for the War of 1812. The English were impressing American sailors The were arming Native Americans in the Northwest Territories. The United States wanted land in Canada. Reasons for the War of 1812. Congress declared the War of 1812 on June 23.

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reasons for the war of 1812
Reasons for the War of 1812
  • The English were impressing American sailors
  • The were arming Native Americans in the Northwest Territories.
  • The United States wanted land in Canada
reasons for the war of 18121
Reasons for the War of 1812

Congress declared the War of 1812 on June 23

northwest native americans
Northwest Native Americans
  • Native American tribes in the Northwest ( Ohio Valley & Michigan) were losing land to American Settlers. Tecumseh organized the Native Americans to fight back. Tecumseh joined the British when the War of 1812 started.
northwest native americans1

Shawnee Indian chief. As a boy during the Amer. Revolution, Tecumseh participated in combined British and Indian attacks on Americans. In 1794 he fought unsuccessfully against Gen. A. Wayne. He eventually established a confederation made up of members of the Creek and other nations. In 1811 his brother's attack on W. H. Harrison's troops at Tippecanoe ended in defeat. As the War of 1812 approached, Tecumseh assembled his followers under the British banner and captured Detroit. Several lesser successes followed, ending with his death at the Thames River in Ontario, marking the end of Indian resistance in the Old Northwest.

Northwest Native Americans
northwest native americans2
Northwest Native Americans

"The way, the only way to stop this evil is for the red man to unite in claiming a common and equal right in the land, as it was first, and should be now, for it was never divided.

We gave them forest-clad mountains and valleys full of game, and in return what did they give our warriors and our women? Rum, trinkets and a grave.

Brothers--My people wish for peace; the red men all wish for peace; but where the white people are, there is no peace for them, except it be on the bosom of our mother.

Where today are the Peoquot? Where today are the Narrangansett,the Mohican, the Pakanoket, and many other once powerful tribes of our people?

They have vanished before the avarice and the oppression of the White Man, as snow before a summer sun."

northwest native americans3
Northwest Native Americans

Techumseh

The Shawnee Prophet "Tenskwatawa"

fighting in the war of 1812
Fighting in the War of 1812
  • On the Great Lakes: Oliver Hazard Perry beat the English and took over the lakes. The English burned Buffalo and the Americans burned Toronto
fighting in the war of 18122
Fighting in the War of 1812
  • On the Chesapeak Bay: The English sent their navy up the Potomac River to burn Washington and attack Ft. McHenry (Baltimore). They were turned back at Baltimore
fighting in the war of 18124
Fighting in the War of 1812
  • Francis Scott Key: Wrote the Star Spangled Banner (a poem) during the Battle
fighting in the war of 18125
Fighting in the War of 1812

Oh, say can you see, by the dawn's early light, What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars, through the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming? And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there. O say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

fighting in the war of 18126
Fighting in the War of 1812
  • At New Orleans: The English captured New Orleans and controlled the Mississippi River. Andrew Jackson beat them in the Battle of New Orleans
fighting in the war of 18129
Fighting in the War of 1812

In 1814 we took a little tripalong with Colonel Jackson down the mighty Mississip.We took a little bacon and we took a little beansAnd we caught the bloody British in the town of New Orleans.We fired our guns and the British kept a'comin.There wasn't nigh as many as there was a while ago.We fired once more and they began to runnin' ondown the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.

fighting in the war of 181210
Fighting in the War of 1812

We looked down the river and we seen the British come.And there must have been a hundred of'em beatin' on the drum.They stepped so high and they made the bugles ring.We stood by our cotton bales and didn't say a thing.We fired our guns and the British kept a'comin.There wasn't nigh as many as there was a while ago.We fired once more and they began to runnin'on down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.

fighting in the war of 181211
Fighting in the War of 1812

We fired our guns and the British kept a'comin.There wasn't nigh as many as there was a while ago.We fired once more and they began to runnin'on down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.Yeah, they ran through the briars and they ran through the bramblesAnd they ran through the bushes where a rabbit couldn't go.They ran so fast that the hounds couldn't catch 'emon down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.

fighting in the war of 181212
Fighting in the War of 1812

We fired our cannon til the barrel melted down.So we grabbed an alligator and we fought another round.We filled his head with cannon balls and powdered his behindand when we touched the powder off, the gator lost his mind.We fired our guns and the British kept a'comin.There wasn't nigh as many as there was a while ago.We fired once more and they began to runnin'on down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.

fighting in the war of 181213
Fighting in the War of 1812

Yeah, they ran through the briars and they ran through the bramblesand they ran through the bushes where a rabbit couldn't go.they ran so fast that the hounds couldn't catch 'emon down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico.Hup 2, 3, 4. Sound off 3, 4.... Hup 2, 3, 4.Sound off 3, 4.... Hup 2, 3, 4

treaty of ghent
Treaty of Ghent
  • Negotiated by James Madison in 1814
  • Both sides kept all their territory.
  • The United States earned the respect of England and the rest of the world r