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Romeo and Juliet, Dance, Film and Gender By Luke A. Borgan. Class Outline. Shakeseare Ballet Timeline Nureyev 3 min. Discussion of Nureyev’s challenge 3-4 min. Ballet Excerpt 5 min. Discussion of Gender Dynamics 5 min Zeffirelli 3-4 min. Movie Excerpt 7-8 min.

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Presentation Transcript
class outline
Class Outline
  • Shakeseare Ballet Timeline
  • Nureyev 3 min.
  • Discussion of Nureyev’s challenge 3-4 min.
  • Ballet Excerpt 5 min.
  • Discussion of Gender Dynamics 5 min
  • Zeffirelli 3-4 min.
  • Movie Excerpt 7-8 min.
  • Discussion of the Party Scene and Gender Dynamics 5 min.
  • Concluding Remarks 2 min.
  • If time permits 1996 excerpt-party scene
slide3

Presentation Aims

  • Review history of Shakespeare in Ballet
  • Discuss the challenges of Nureyev, and the gender issues in his production
  • Discuss Zeffirelli’s 1968 movie and the gender issues within
  • To discuss the adaptation of Shakespeare into ballet and cinema
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Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet ballet timeline

  • 1593 Shakespeare writes play
  • 1811 an early ballet treatment of R&J is produced in Denmark
  • 1830 Belini composes opera: I Capuleti e I Montecchi
  • 1935 Romeo and Juliet music and scenario is worked out
  • 1938 The play premiers in Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1940 Debut of R&J at the Kirov Theatre in Leningrad, choreographed by Levrovsky
romeo and juliet ballet timeline
Romeo and Juliet ballet timeline
  • 1946 R&J produced as revival by the Bolshoi Theatre
  • 1955 ballet of play is first seen in west in London by Zagreb ballet
  • 1959 performance makes its way to U.S. by Bolshoi Ballet
  • 1966 Royal Ballet version of Romeo and Juliet is filmed.
  • 1977 Nureyev stages R&J for the London Festival Ballet
rudolf nureyev
Rudolf Nureyev
  • 1938 March 17 born in Siberia near Irkutsk
  • 1945-55 studied dance, first ballet under Madame Udelstova, did walk on roles for Ufa Opera House, became apprentice member of corps de ballet
  • 1958 studied at Leningrad Choreographic (Kirov) School, stage debut at Kirov Theatre, Leningrad
  • 1964 staged first complete ballet
  • 1977 world premier of Romeo and Juliet at the London Festival Ballet
  • 1982 his production of Romeo and Juliet was filmed at Teatro alla Scalla, Milan
interesting considerations in the problems nureyev faced in the choreography of romeo and juliet
Interesting considerations in the Problems Nureyev Faced In the Choreography of Romeo and Juliet

“The fundamental Choreographic choice remained the Same-that is, whether to stage a literally exact-albeit danced-reproduction of scenes from the play, or a danced distillation, using the play as a point of departure (Howard 92).”

which leads us to the discussion question
Which leads us to the discussion question.
  • With Shakespeare, how does a choreographer decide which gestures and small scenes to leave in and which to leave out?
slide9
In response, Howard, in her The staging of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet as a Ballet does not give us a solution, but she says…

“Nureyev bends over backwards in an attempt not so much to make something entirely different from previous versions as to delve with greater depth into the play. Its authenticity is clearly a product of imaginative thought and wide reading both in and around the play (103).”

discussion
Discussion

According to the gestures and dances what does the scene from the Capulet’s Ball seem to show in regards to women?

zeffirelli s romeo and juliet
Zeffirelli’s Romeo and Juliet
  • Like Nureyev, Zeffirelli chose to explore new realms with the cinematic production of Romeo and Juliet
  • Less Victorian more Italian
  • Balcony scene more realistic
  • No wigs, natural longer hair-before The Beatles
problematic considerations of a producer
Problematic Considerations of a Producer
  • What sort of problems might a producer face in adapting Shakespeare into a movie?
  • Zeffirelli’s answer…..
discussion more gender conflict
Discussion: More Gender Conflict
  • In Zeffirelli’s party scene, how are the masculine and feminine roles played out?
  • How does voyeurism play a part in Romeo’s encounter with Juliet?
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Concluding Remarks

In the text, Shakespeare, unlike the ballet and movie deals very little with gender conflict within the party scene, however I did find one very interesting passage.

welcome gentlemen ladies that have their toes unplagued with corns will have a bout with you

Welcome, Gentlemen, ladies that have their toesUnplagued with corns will have a bout with you

Capulet Act 1 Scene 5