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Pearl Harbor. The Date That Will Live in Infamy…. Pearl Harbor. December 7, 1941 – Japan used a surprise attack to eliminate the U.S. Navy in the Pacific Ocean. Japan saw America as an obstacle to their empire in Asia. Pearl Harbor.

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pearl harbor

Pearl Harbor

The Date That Will Live in Infamy…

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Pearl Harbor
  • December 7, 1941 – Japan used a surprise attack to eliminate the U.S. Navy in the Pacific Ocean.
  • Japan saw America as an obstacle to their empire in Asia.
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Pearl Harbor
  • Japan needed natural resources that were located in mainland Asia.
  • The natural resources were:
    • Oil
    • Coal
    • Rubber
    • Iron
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Pearl Harbor
  • To gain control of these resources Japan began to invade Asian countries without warning.
  • These Asian countries allowed Japan to have these valuable resources instead of fighting.
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Pearl Harbor
  • The United States watched Japan take over these countries and FDR believed the U.S. should have done something.
  • FDR thought that isolationism leads to aggression.
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Pearl Harbor
  • Therefore, FDR refused to allow any Japanese citizens to remove their money from U.S. banks.
  • FDR also, refused to sell any goods to Japan that could possibly be used for war.
  • any goods to Japan that could possibly be used for war.
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Pearl Harbor
  • Strategic Materials - any goods to Japan that could possibly be used for war.
  • These materials included oil and scrap metal.
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Pearl Harbor
  • At this point, Japan relied heavily on American Oil.
  • Japan got 80% of its oil from America before WWII.
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Pearl Harbor
  • So in response to this embargo (refusal to trade with a country), Japan attacked the U.S. Navy at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
  • The attack took place at 7:30 Am Sunday December 7, 1941.
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Pearl Harbor
  • The attack consisted mostly of Japanese airplanes, a few battle ships and...
  • Submarines attacked using torpedoes. (Underwater missiles)
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Pearl Harbor
  • The damage to America was devastating:
    • 21 – U.S. Battleships were sank
    • 188 U.S. Aircraft were destroyed
    • 2,403 American lives were lost in the attack
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Pearl Harbor
  • The next day, December 8, 1941: The U.S. declared war on Japan.
  • This was the event that entered the U.S. into WWII.
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Pearl Harbor
  • FDR was steadfast in his belief that the U.S. would successful in defeating Japan at war.
  • Shortly afterwards, Germany and Italy declared war on America as well.
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Pearl Harbor
  • This forced America to fight WWII on two fronts or theatres.
  • Europe - against Germany and Italy
  • Asia - against Japan