Humoral Doctrine. “ Being Hippocratic but still feeling good about yourself ” [E mpedocles, ca.492 B.C.- ca.432 B.C., was the real culprit ]. What Is IT? .
“Being Hippocratic but still feeling good about yourself”
[Empedocles, ca.492 B.C.- ca.432 B.C., was the real culprit]
This “Doctrine” about the makeup of the Universe dominated Western thinking from Classical Greek & Roman times until the Enlightenment.
Earth, Air, Fire, and Water comprise the basic elements of virtually everything.
The Four Humors were tied to four basic temperaments(above,clockwise): phlegmatic, sanguine melancholic and choleric.
Cause-Effect Relationship Statements)X Y
B. It exemplifies Reductionism
Method in data gathering and analysis
A. It trapped us into a “Which
Egg” Mentality [If X causes Y, where
did X come from?]B. It reinforced over-simplification
C. It justified stereotyping and
D. It treated the Individual, Society,
and Culture as homologous and isomorphic, which they are not
A. Reductionism and Determinism are invariably oversimplified models of reality. Frequently they are also tautological, reflecting “Closed System” thinking
B. Explanation and argument of the Humoral Doctrine type trivializes the importance of empiricism, and the Comparative and Scientific Methods of inquiry
is more accurate/useful?
[A] No: If Cause-Effect statements meet the “Necessary and Sufficient” test, then they may be valid, and valuable