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Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety. Emergency Procedures. Environmental Concerns. Restrooms Breaks Temperature Visibility Seating Sound Lighting. Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety. What “fire” is. Extinguishing methods.

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environmental concerns
Environmental Concerns

Restrooms

Breaks

Temperature

Visibility

Seating

Sound

Lighting

portable fire extinguisher safety1
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety
  • What “fire” is.
  • Extinguishing methods.
  • Classifications of fire.
  • Leading fire causes.
  • Fire prevention.
  • Importance of portable fire extinguishers.

Learning Objectives

portable fire extinguisher safety2
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Learning Objectives

  • Types of portable fire extinguishers.
  • Determine state of readiness.
  • Use of portable fire extinguishers.
  • When to use/not to use PFE.
  • Making a “fight or flight” decision.
  • Reporting an emergency.
  • Employer expectations.
portable fire extinguisher safety3
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

What is it?

A by-product of combustion.

Combustion …

… the self-sustaining process of rapidoxidation of a fuel, which produces

heat and light.

Fire ...

… the result of a rapid combustion reaction.

portable fire extinguisher safety4
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

In order to have a fire you must have 4 things, we call this the

Fire Tetrahedron.

Extinguishment Theory

To extinguish a fire you must remove one side of the

Fire Tetrahedron.

Chemical Chain Reaction

portable fire extinguisher safety5
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Extinguishment Theory

Temperature Reduction

Fuel Removal

Oxygen Dilution

Inhibit Chemical Chain Reaction

portable fire extinguisher safety6
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Classification of Fire

Class A or Ordinary Combustibles

This includes fuels such as wood,

paper, plastic, rubber,

and cloth.

Green Triangle

portable fire extinguisher safety7
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Classification of Fire

  • Class B or Flammable and

Combustible Liquids and Gases

This includes all hydrocarbon

and alcohol based liquids and

gases that will support

combustion.

Red Square

portable fire extinguisher safety8
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Classification of Fire

Class C or Electrical

This includes all fires involving

energized electrical equipment.

Blue Circle

portable fire extinguisher safety9
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

D

Classification of Fire

Class D or Combustible

Metals

Examples of these types metals are: zirconium, titanium, potassium, and magnesium.

Yellow

Star

portable fire extinguisher safety10
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Classification of Fire

Class K for fires in unsaturated cooking oils in well insulated cooking appliances in commercial kitchens.

portable fire extinguisher safety11
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Potential Fire Causes In The Workplace ?

Electricity Space Heaters

Housekeeping Improper storage

Construction Machinery

Flammable & Combustible Liquids

Cleaning supplies Smoking Materials

Any Ideas on Prevention?

portable fire extinguisher safety12
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

The importance of portable fire extinguishers?

Your first line of defense!

portable fire extinguisher safety13
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Now let’s look at:

  • Types.
  • Ready state.
  • When to use/not to use. “Fight or Flight”
  • How to use.
  • Reporting an emergency.
  • Expectation of use.
portable fire extinguisher safety14
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

There are many types and many manufacturers.

portable fire extinguisher safety15
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

There are many different types of extinguishing agents.

portable fire extinguisher safety16
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Characteristics

Water extinguisher 30-40 ft. 60 sec.

Dry chemical 5-20 ft. 8-35 sec.

CO2 extinguisher 3-8 ft. 8-30 sec.

monthly quick check is it ready to use
Monthly “Quick-Check” Is It Ready To Use ?
  • Located in designated place.
  • There is no obstruction to access or visibility.
  • Operating instructions on nameplate are legible and facing outward.
  • Safety seals and tamper indicators are not broken or missing.
  • Fullness should be determined by weighing or "hefting".
  • Examination for obvious physical damage, corrosion, leakage, or clogged nozzle.
  • Pressure gauge reading or indicator is in the operable range or position.
portable fire extinguisher safety17
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Making That “Fight or Flight” Decision

  • You are trained in the use of extinguishers.
  • You know what is burning.
  • Fire is not spreading rapidly.
  • You don’t need Personal Protective Equipment.
  • Smoke and heat has not filled the area.
  • You have a clear path of escape.
  • Follow your instincts.
portable fire extinguisher safety18

Aim the hose

or nozzle.

Pull the pin.

Squeeze the lever.

Sweep the

agent.

Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

The P.A.S.S. Method

portable fire extinguisher safety19
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety
  • PULL the pin.
  • AIM at the base of the fire.
  • SQUEEZE the operating lever.
  • SWEEP from side to side.
portable fire extinguisher safety20
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Reporting an Emergency

  • Don’t call from the building involved in the emergency.
  • Help others and activate fire alarm on the way out.
  • Notify emergency services via 911 call. Give at least:
      • Your name.
      • Your location.
      • Call back phone number.
      • Describe the emergency.
      • Describe current conditions.
      • Describe any special hazards or needs,such as hazardous materials storage or non-ambulatory occupants.
  • Stay on the line, unless told to do otherwise.
portable fire extinguisher safety21

Employees are not expected

to be firefighters!

Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

The Employer’s Expectation of Use.

  • Designated personnel as part of

an emergency plan.

Only certain employees are required to use fire extinguishers.

portable fire extinguisher safety22
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety
  • What “fire” is.
  • Extinguishing methods.
  • Classifications of fire.
  • Leading fire causes.
  • Fire prevention.
  • Importance of portable fire extinguishers.

Learning Objectives review

portable fire extinguisher safety23
Portable Fire Extinguisher Safety

Learning Objectives review

  • Types of portable fire extinguishers.
  • Use of portable fire extinguishers.
  • When to use/not to use PFE.
  • Making a “fight or flight” decision.
  • Reporting an emergency.
  • Employer expectations.