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FROM AACR2 to RDA

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FROM AACR2 to RDA

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  1. FROM AACR2 to RDA (and a few things in between) The history and context of RDA development This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/ Jenny Stephens, National Library of Australia, October 2010 Revised 2012

  2. Overview • From AACR2 to RDA, Part I: History and Context • FRBR/FRAD • From AACR2 to RDA, Part II: Structure

  3. Overview TODAY - • History of RDA Development • International context

  4. 1978

  5. History of RDA Why replace AACR2? • International Conference 1997 • Analysis of underlying structure of AACR2 • Intellectual Content vs. Physical format • Too much to just “amend” AACR2

  6. History of RDA AACR3? 2004 proposal for AACR3: • Extensive revision of Part I of AACR2 • Alignment with FRBR • Addition of a third section for authority control • Constraints of working within existing AACR structure BUT

  7. History of RDA 2005 – new standard • Built on the foundations of AACR2 BUT • New structure and new emphasis • Designed for the digital world • Adaptable and flexible for the future RDA

  8. History of RDA RDA • Three parts: • Resource description • Provision of Access points • Formulation of data used for authority control • Focused on user tasks • Independent of presentation/encoding standards • More user-friendly wording, layout and formatting

  9. International Context

  10. Functional requirements for Bibliographic and Authority Data FRBR/FRAD/FRSAD Growth of shared cataloguing Lower level cataloguing Catalogues not meeting user needs 1990- IFLA study to define the functional requirements of bibliographic records [Source: Adapted from Functional Requirements for Bibliographic records (FRBR), Functional requirements for Authority Data (FRAD), Catherine Argus, 2010]

  11. Functional requirements for Bibliographic and Authority Data • Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (1998) • Functional Requirements for Authority Data (2009) • Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Data (2010) • Ongoing review, eventual consolidation. FRBR/FRAD/FRSAD [Source: Adapted from Functional Requirements for Bibliographic records (FRBR), Functional requirements for Authority Data (FRAD), Catherine Argus, 2010]

  12. Functional requirements for Bibliographic and Authority Data Conceptual models • Identify & define the things that are important - entities • Identify & define the attributes that characterise the entities • Identify & define significant relationships between entities FRBR/FRAD [Source: RDA : Resource description and access, Deirdre Kiorgaard. RDA information session for QUT students, August 31, 2010]

  13. Functional requirements for Bibliographic and Authority Data FRBR/FRAD • Define bibliographic entities • resources, people, families, corporate bodies, and subjects • List their attributes • Identify the relationships between the entities • Map to user tasks [Source: Adapted from: What you need to know about FRBR and FRAD when reading RDA, Pat Riva, May 2009]

  14. Functional requirements for Bibliographic and Authority Data FRBR/FRAD • are not cataloguing rules • are not system models • do not prescribe how they might be implemented [Source: Adapted from Functional Requirements for Bibliographic records (FRBR), Functional requirements for Authority Data (FRAD), Catherine Argus, 2010]

  15. FRBR and RDA FRBR/FRAD • RDA uses FRBR and FRAD concepts, terms and user tasks • RDA content and organisation reflect FRBR and FRAD • Attributes • Relationships [Source: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic records (FRBR), Functional requirements for Authority Data (FRAD), Catherine Argus, 2010]

  16. International Cataloguing Principles Paris Principles 1961 • Achieved international standardisation • Used as the basis of most cataloguing standards • BUT • Covered only textual works • Focused on choice and form of entries

  17. International Cataloguing Principles 2009 International Cataloguing Principles • All types of materials • All aspects of bibliographic and authority data • Built on FRBR Model • Underlying principles of RDA

  18. International Cataloguing Principles 2009 International Cataloguing Principles • Principles: • Convenience of users • Common usage • Representation • Accuracy • Sufficiency and necessity • Significance

  19. International Cataloguing Principles 2009 International Cataloguing Principles • Principles (continued): • Economy • Consistency and standardisation • Integration • http://www.ifla.org/publications/statement-of-international-cataloguing-principles

  20. International Standard Bibliographic Description (1971) • Aims • Promotion of uniform bibliographic description • Facilitates shared cataloguing • Determined • Required data elements • Sequence of elements • Prescribed punctuation • Multiple ISBDs for different formats • AACR2 framework based on ISBD ISBD

  21. International Standard Bibliographic Description (2007) • Aims unchanged • Single consolidated ISBD that is format neutral • Conformed to FRBR data elements • Influenced RDA development, but do not dictate structure. • http://www.ifla.org/publications/ifla-series-on-bibliographic-control-44 ISBD But

  22. Machine Readable Code for catalogue data • Based on layout of card catalogue MARC • Still the most widely used encoding standard in library systems. • Developed beyond boundaries of AACR2

  23. Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control (2008) MARC US RDA Test (2010) MARC Standard insufficient for current and future needs

  24. Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative Progress to date: • Consultation with Libraries, MARC users, MARBI and other standards groups • Defined requirements for the new bibliographic framework. • Contracted Zepheira to develop model(s) for discussion within community http://www.loc.gov/marc/transition/ MARC

  25. World wide web of information Semantic web Metadata standards RDF Linked Data

  26. Defined a set of core metadata elements. Developed and maintained by cultural and computer science sectors Metadata standards Registry for Application profiles Developed for the National Science Digital Library (NSDL), now open to all metadata communities. RDA on OMR http://metadataregistry.org/schema/list/page/3.html

  27. Set of standards developed by Publishing industry Metadata standards • Books • Serials • Licensing terms and rights information • http://www.editeur.org/8/ONIX/ ONIX

  28. Semantic Web Source: Video still from Intro to the Semantic Web by Manu Sporny http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OGg8A2zfWKg

  29. Semantic Web Source: Video still from Intro to the Semantic Web by Manu Sporny http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OGg8A2zfWKg

  30. Semantic Web • “Now! .... That should clear up a few things around here!”

  31. Linked Data • Use URIs as names for things • Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names. • When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information, using the standards (RDF*, SPARQL) • Include links to other URIs. so that they can discover more things. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html

  32. RDF • Resource Description Framework (RDF) • Model for labelling and linking information using URIs http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/REC-rdf-primer-20040210/#statements

  33. Semantic Web and Linked Data Source: Network visualisation, Ruth Park, AustLit (www.austlit.edu.au), 2002- [Retrieved 19/10/2012]

  34. RDA Today 2010 • Published June 2010 • Free public trial of Toolkit • Subscriptions available • US National Testing, 2nd half 2010

  35. RDA Today 2011 Full Report: Report and Recommendations of the U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee • Recommended implementation not before 2013, pending • Rewording of text • Changes to the content of RDA • Significant progress towards replacing MARC • US National Libraries accepted recommendations • LC, Canada, Britain and Australia agreed to a joint implementation.

  36. RDA Today Where are we at now? • LC has announced a firm implementation date of March 1, 2013. • LC has released revised training documentation • Rewording of RDA text nearing completion • Progress towards replacement of MARC continues.

  37. RDA Today In Australia • Training documentation has been developed and key personnel throughout Australia have received training. • National Library of Australia - rolling implementation beginning January 2013 • Libraries Australia ready to receive RDA records by early 2013.

  38. RDA Today At the National Library of Australia • Staff training January-March 2013 • Policies • System changes • Update documentation

  39. Sources International Federation of Library Associations www.ifla.org Joint Steering Committee for the Development of RDA www.rda-jsc.org Dublin Core Metadata Initiative http://dublincore.org/ Editeur http://www.editeur.org/

  40. Sources Oliver, Chris, Introducing RDA : a guide to the basics (London, Facet Publishing, 2010) Argus, Catherine, Functional Requirements for Bibliographic records (FRBR), Functional requirements for Authority Data (FRAD). [Powerpoint presentation, 2010] Kiorgaard, Deirdre, RDA : Resource description and access, [RDA information session for QUT students, August 31, 2010]

  41. Sources ACOC Website http://www.nla.gov.au/acoc/resource-description-and-access-rda-in-australia

  42. Acronyms

  43. Questions?