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No Child Left Behind

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C&I 212 Dr. Brown. No Child Left Behind. Federal Role in Education. Bill of Rights (10th Amendment) Morrill Acts Smith-Hughes Act (1917), George-Barden Act (1946) GI Bill (1944) National Defense Act (1958) Anti-discrimination acts (1964, 1972, 1973)

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federal role in education
Federal Role in Education
  • Bill of Rights (10th Amendment)
  • Morrill Acts
  • Smith-Hughes Act (1917), George-Barden Act (1946)
  • GI Bill (1944)
  • National Defense Act (1958)
  • Anti-discrimination acts (1964, 1972, 1973)
  • ESEA – Title I (1965, IASA 1994, NCLB 2001)
nclb rationale
NCLB Rationale
  • Close achievement gaps between students of different economic, racial, ethnic backgrounds
  • Students should learn from highly qualified teachers
  • All students should graduate from high school and achieve high standards
  • Schools should be safe and drug free
nclb principles
NCLB Principles
  • Accountability
    • Measure yearly progress of all students
    • State-created standards
    • Adequate yearly progress (AYP)
    • Highly Qualified Teachers
  • Research-based instruction
    • “scientifically-based” research
  • Local control and flexibility
    • Can use 50% of fed $ to other programs
  • Parental options
    • Parents may transfer students to other schools
ayp basics
AYP Basics
  • Criteria: Math and reading assessment, test participation rate and other (attendance/graduation rate)
  • Baseline was set by each state in 2001, with 12 years to achieve goal
    • Test Scores: 40% (2003) – 100% (2014)
    • Participation: 95%
    • Graduation Rate: 65% (2003) – 85% (2014)
  • All subgroups (larger that 45 students) must meet AYP or a subgroup may increase by 10% (Safe Harbor)
  • Example; Illinois AYP Information; AYP Awards
ayp success and failure
AYP Success and Failure
  • Success is “rewarded”
  • Failure:
    • Published
    • Improvement plan
    • Professional development
  • 2 years of failure: (Academic Early Warning)
    • All of the above
    • Students can transfer within the district
  • 3 years of failure: (Academic Early Warning 1)
    • All of the above
    • Supplemental education
  • 4 years or more: (Academic Watch 1, 2, 3+)
    • Restructuring, replace staff, turn over operation to the state (5 years)
race to the top overview
Race to the Top - Overview
  • Newest Federal Education initiative
  • Competitive grants to states
  • $20 - $700 Million (depending on state)
  • Phase 1: Tennessee and Delaware ($820 million total)
  • Phase 2: 10 states awarded ($3.4 billion)
  • Illinois was a finalist in both phases
  • “Phase 3”: 7 state were awarded funds
    • Illinois will receive $43 million.
race to the top reform areas
Race to the Top – Reform Areas
  • Adopting standards and assessments that prepare students to succeed in college and the workplace and to compete in the global economy;
  • Building data systems that measure student growth and success, and inform teachers and principals about how they can improve instruction;
  • Recruiting, developing, rewarding, and retaining effective teachers and principals, especially where they are needed most; and
  • Turning around our lowest-achieving schools.
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