CAESURA A pause in a line of verse dictated by sense or natural speech rhythm.
LYRIC Words that accompany music. (Since Beowulf was passed down orally, most of it could have/would have been sung)
EPIC • A long narrative poem about the exploits of a national hero.
EPIC HERO • A main character in an epic whose legendary heroic actions are central to his/her culture, race or nation.
ALLITERATION • Repetition of consonants in words close together.
Alliteration Example • Home is the sailor, home from the sea, And the Hunter home from the hill.
EPITHET • A term used to characterize a person or thing
EPITHET EXAMPLE • …Beowulf, son of Ecgetheow.
ANIMISM • The belief in the existence of individual spirits that inhabit natural objects and phenoma.
MOTIFS • Reoccurring thematic element in an artistic or literary work.
ELEGY • A poem or song composed especially as a lament for a deceased person.
ARCHETYPE • An ideal example of a type. (Beowulf is an archetype of an epic hero)
Beowulf Characters • Beowulf- a Geat, king of the Geats • Grendel- man-eating monster who lives at the bottom of a foul mere, or mountain lake. • Herot- golden guest hall built by King Hrothgar, the Danish ruler. • Hrothgar- King of the Danes, builder of Herot. • Wiglaf- A Geat warrior, one of Beowulf’s select band and the only one to help him in his final fight.
Beowulf Vocabulary • Resolute- firm determination • Vehemently- harsh or forceful • Infallible- certain or sure. • Furled-to wrap around or to roll up • Lavish- expensive. • Assail- attack forcefully • Extolled- to praise highly
Vocabulary Development • The generals argued quite ________ about the best way to _________ the fortress. • Won’t you admit your mistake? After all, no one is ______________. • After securing the boat at the dock, I ______ its sail. • The king was _______ in his plan to change his ______ habits and live more simply.