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The purpose of screening. The purpose of screening is to determine: whether or not a proposal requires an EIA what level of EIA is required. Outcomes of screening. full or comprehensive EIA required more limited EIA required furthe r study needed to determine EIA requirement

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the purpose of screening
The purpose of screening

The purpose of screening is to determine:

  • whether or not a proposal requires an EIA
  • what level of EIA is required

UNEP Training Resource Manual

outcomes of screening
Outcomes of screening
  • full or comprehensive EIA required
  • more limited EIA required
  • further study needed to determine EIA requirement
  • no further requirement for EIA

UNEP Training Resource Manual

screening and scoping compared
Screening and scoping compared

Screening

  • determines the requirement for EIA
  • establishes the level of review necessary

Scoping

  • identifies the key issues and impacts
  • establishes the terms of reference

UNEP Training Resource Manual

screening methods
Screening methods
  • legal/policy definition
  • inclusion list of projects (with or without thresholds)
  • exclusion list of projects
  • criteria for case-by-case screening

UNEP Training Resource Manual

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UNEP Training Resource Manual

Topic 4 Slide 5

extended screening methods
Extended screening methods
  • initial environmental evaluation or examination (IEE)
  • environmental overview
  • class screening

UNEP Training Resource Manual

typical proposals requiring a full eia
Typical proposals requiring a full EIA
  • dams and reservoirs
  • (re)settlement and urban development
  • infrastructure (e.g. transport and sanitation)
  • industrial facilities (e.g. manufacturing plants)
  • energy and minerals extraction (e.g. oil & gas, coal)
  • waste management and disposal of hazardous and toxic materials
  • energy development (power stations, transmission lines, pipelines)

UNEP Training Resource Manual

location and environmental criteria for case by case screening
Location and environmental criteria for case-by-case screening

The following are important in determining significant effects:

  • assimilative capacity of the natural environment
  • environmental sensitivity, e.g. wetlands, coastal and mountain zones
  • environmental standards and objectives
  • adjacent to protected or designated areas
  • within landscapes of special heritage value
  • existing land use(s) and commitments
  • abundance and quality of natural resources

UNEP Training Resource Manual

extended screening information required by decision makers
Extended screening – information required by decision-makers
  • description of the proposal
  • conditions and characteristics of the environment
  • applicable policy, planning and regulatory objectives
  • identification of potential impacts
  • degree of public concern and interest

UNEP Training Resource Manual

an initial environmental examination iee
An Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)
  • describes the proposal
  • considers alternatives
  • addresses the concerns of the community
  • identifies potential environmental effects
  • establishes mitigation measures
  • includes monitoring and follow up (as necessary)

UNEP Training Resource Manual

slide11
Generalised EIA

Process Flowchart

Proposal

Identification

Screening

Initial

No EIA

EIA Required

environmental

examination

*Public involvement

Scoping

Impact analysis

*Public involvement typically

occurs at these points. It may

Mitigation

also occur at any other stage

and impact

of the EIA Process.

management

EIA Report

Review

*Public involvement

Resubmit

Decision-making

Redesign

Information from this process

contributes to effective future EIA

Not approved

Approved

Implementation and

follow up

UNEP Training Resource Manual

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