Poetry Unit SOUND DEVICES
Sound Devices • Elements of literature that emphasize sound: • Rhyme (internal, external, slant) • Alliteration • Consonance • Assonance • Onomatopoeia
The most common sound device is rhyme, but since we already KNOW rhyme, we are going to move on to the others. • You should be familiar with many of these terms already, so it should help you as we progress. • Be prepared to identify, define, and provide examples of your own sound devices.
ALLITERATION EXAMPLES “I looked in my heart while the wild swans went flying over.” --Edna St. Vincent Millay “This is the poem of air, slowly in silent syllables recorded.” --Henry Wadsworth Longfellow The same starting sounds in words can be soothing to the ears. It creates a musical quality. Definition: Alliteration is the repetition of the same sounds (consonant or vowel) at the BEGINNING of words. It is NOT necessarily a tongue twister; in fact, most alliteration uses 2 – 4 words within a line or two of poetry.
MORE EXAMPLES of Alliteration “Every day I loved to sharpen my shooting eye.” “First Love” by Carl Linder “When I came down from the attic with the pastel portrait in my hand of a long-lipped stranger with a brave moustache and deep brown level eyes.” “The Portrait” by Stanley Kunitz
Consonance • Like alliteration, consonance uses the repetitions of consonant sounds. • The difference? Consonance is the repetition of the consonant sound WITHIN words or at the END of words. • Consonance is harder to spot than alliteration. You have to really focus to find examples at times.
CONSONANCE POEM EXAMPLES “Two roads diverged in a wood and I… I took the one less traveled by.” -- Robert Frost WORD EXAMPLES LAKE SICK DUCK WALK NECK STRIKE LUCKY WICKER LIKE LOOK STACK BEAK SOAK TRICKY ASK SECTION ACHE STICK
Look at all the CONSONANCE! From “Those Winter Sundays” by Robert Hayden “Sundays too my father got up early And put his clothes on in the blueblack cold, Then with cracked hands that ached From labor in the weekday weather Made banked fires blaze. No one ever thanked him. I’d wake and hear the cold splintering, breaking…” CAN YOU FIND ALLITERATION EXAMPLES, TOO?
ASSONANCE • ASSONANCE is the repetition of sounds, as well, EXCEPT it focuses on the repetitions of vowel sounds. WORD EXAMPLES Silly Quick Mitt List Until Thin Delicious **************************** Lake Rain Same Training Pale Lately
Can you find the Assonance? “I loved him most when he came home from work his fingers still curled from fitting pipe, his denim shirt ringed with sweat…” --“The Shipfitter’s Wife” by DorianneLaux
Onomatopoeia • SOUND WORDS Pop Clang Zip Bang Buzz Ding Stomp Crash Boom Beep Zing Pow Plunk Zoom