Academic Writing for Educators. Chinwe H. Ikpeze, Ph.D. Gloria E. Jacobs, Ph.D. Susan M. Schultz, Ph.D. What Do Teachers Write?. Internal Documents. Public Documents. CSE case reports IEPs Lesson Plans. Letters home Permission slips Worksheets Tests and Essay Prompts Newsletters
Chinwe H. Ikpeze, Ph.D. Gloria E. Jacobs, Ph.D. Susan M. Schultz, Ph.D.
CSE case reports
Tests and Essay Prompts
Since computer mediated communication was initially identified as a possible source of language change (Baron, 1984) and as a medium that people find socially meaningful despite its apparent lack of social and emotional cues (Ferrara, Brunner, & Whittemore, 1991; Walther, 1996), researchers have struggled over several key questions.
Literacy involves the ways in which we use text for culturally meaningful purposes within culturally meaningful activities (Gee, 2000).
Wired teens have developed the “the skills, achievements, and previous experiences that he or she can arrange and rearrange (in terms of a literal or metaphorical portfolio) to sell him or herself for new opportunities in changed times” (Gee, 2000, p. 4).
Jones's (1998) study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. This difficulty could be attributed to the fact that many students failed to purchase a style manual or to ask their teacher for help. (p. 199)
What constitutes literacy continues to be a contentious issue, particularly as multimodal media appear to supplant traditional typographic texts. For instance, Steinkuehler (2007) notes that game playing has been blamed for the demise of literacy, but points out that this critique is faulty on two points. The first fault, she argues, is that the critique does not consider the wide range of gaming people engage in. The second fault, and more serious fault, according to Steinkuehler, is that the critique is built on a limited definition of what constitutes literacy. In her research, Steinkuehler identified the literate activities that are inherent within massively multiplayer online games (MMOGs). She demonstrated that game players engage what she calls a "constellation of literacy practices" (p. 297) that include social interaction, in-game letters and orally delivered narratives, as well as postings on online game forums, creating fan sites and writing fan fiction. As such, Steinkuehler argues that gaming does not replace literate activities but instead is a literate activity. If this is the case, then it becomes important for educators to consider the constellation of literacy practices of their students when seeking ways to build on what youth bring to the classroom.
Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) indicates...
Students struggle with APA style (Wegener & Petty, 1994).
A Work by Three to Five Authors:
Johnson argued that...(as cited in Smith, 2003, p. 102).
The New Literacy Studies (NLS) views language and literacy use as tied closely to the ideologies of a culture(Street, 1995) and as such what counts as literacy is intrinsically associated with the historical, cultural, social, and political values of a community and is contested in relations of power. The NLS, then, takes nothing for granted with respect to literacy and the social practices with which it becomes associated, problematizing what counts as literacy at any time and place and asking “whose literacies are dominant and whose are marginalized or resistant” (Street, 2003, p. 1). That is, literacies are not a set of neutral skills but are deeply embedded within social context and are indices of the power relations enacted within the local context (Barton, Hamilton, & Ivanic, 2000; Hull & Schultz, 2001, 2002a; Lankshear & Knobel, 2003; Luke, 1994; New London Group, 1996, 2000; Street, 1995, 2003).
Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.
Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(30), 5-13.
Calfee, R. C., & Valencia, R. R. (1991). APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York: Springer.
Kenneth, I. A. (2000). A Buddhist response to the nature of human rights. Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 8. Retrieved from http://www.cac.psu.edu/jbe/twocont.html
Brownlie, D. Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41(11/12), 1245-1283. doi:10.1108/03090560710821161
Whitmeyer, J.M. (2000). Power through appointment [Electronic version]. Social Science Research, 29, 535-555.