Women in the Global Media. Sydney Gilbert, Brandi Clarke, Sarah Mazur and Sarah Moran. Why is this important?. Every aspect of our life is influenced by mass media (Jenitta, 2011) Even if we feel above the impact of the media, we're rarely unaffected
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Sydney Gilbert, Brandi Clarke, Sarah Mazur and Sarah Moran
Every aspect of our life is influenced by mass media (Jenitta, 2011)
The media the ability to empower women when it comes to medical decisions, body image, self-worth, psychological health, and political influence.
You can't be what you can't see
"Bad media hurts real people. Better media would help real people."
Sets “body perfect” ideals that are artificial and biologically inappropriate that link to behaviors that include:
"Not only are girls seen as objects by other people, they learn to see themselves as objects."
(Jean Kilbourne, Ed. D., 2011)
"The APA has found in recent years that self-objectification has become a national epidemic...The more women and girls that self objectify, the more likely they are to be depressed, have eating disorders, have lower confidence, have lower ambition, have lower cognitive functioning, and have lower GPAs."
(Caroline Heldman, Ph.D., 2011)
“When sexual violence is portrayed, there is frequently the suggestion that despite the initial resistance the victim secretly desires and eventually derives pleasure from the assault."
(Malamuth & Briere, 1986)
From the interviews with IEP students from China:
From the interviews with IEP students from Saudi Arabia:
Popularized by the elite of seventh-century Arabia, the facial veil and head covering worn by a woman on the beach at Jiddah contrast with youngsters' colorful dresses. Veiling became fashionable during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, perhaps in imitation of his many wives, who covered themselves in public at his request.
—From “Women of Saudi Arabia"
While many cultures have been extremely impacted by the Westernization of our world, it seems that Saudi Arabia has maintained a sense of independence in regards to women's rights and portrayal in the media.
Oftentimes Saudi Arabian culture is criticized for their interpretation of women's rights, though it is important to recognize the cultural differences.
Because of the traditional clothing that Saudi women wear, the eyes are emphasized as a way to express personal attractiveness.
As documented by our interview with Naif, women are gaining rights in Saudi Arabia and are working to become a more prominent part of the working class. He menioned that his mother is a teacher at a local all girls school. After doing some research, I have found that women are able to work in Saudi culture but that they are limited to areas such as: a female schools, banks and other segrated working environments (Cochrane, 2010).
Another important aspect of the media's influence in Saudi Arabian culture is that most of the media outlets are owned by large conglomerates, which is similar to the state of media in the US, but in Saudi Arabia, the government is the largest stakeholder in these media companies. This creates a culture of fear, where reporters are oftentimes criticized or punished for reporting negatively about the government.
Obsessed with being kawaii (cute).
Purikura (photo booths) that make eyes appear larger, and skin smoother/lighter(Japan Probe, 2010)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XrfM0z0Xx_E (Ronald McDonald's Son)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gr6Wwb6Std0 (Ronald McDonald's Daughter)
(European Women's Lobby, 2010)
In recent news (2012, May 8)
(European Women's Lobby, 2010)
“To make change, people need both to see that something is wrong and -- crucially -- to believe that there is something they can do about it” (Jackson, 2005).
Akita, K. (2005). Cuteness: the sexual commodification of women in the Japanese media. In T. Carilli, & J. Campbell, Women and the media: diverse perspectives (pp. 44-57). Lanham: University Press of America, Inc.
Byerly, C.M. (2010). Global report on the status of women in the news media. International Women’s Media Foundation. Retrieved from http://iwmf.org/pdfs/IWMF-Global-Report.pdf
Cochrane, P. (2010, October). Saudi arabia's media influence. Arab Media & Society,Retrieved from http://www.arabmediasociety.com/articles/downloads
European Women's Lobby (EWL). (2010). EWL Beijing's +15 report on women and the media. Retrieved from http://www.womenlobby.org/spip.php?rubrique40&lang=en
Jackson, J. (2005, May 13). Media reform for what. Women in media & news. Retrieved from http://www.wimnonline.org/articles/janinejackson_NCMR.html
Japan Probe. (2010, August 24). Purikura – Japanese Print Club Photos Make Your Eyes Bigger & Skin Lighter. Retrieved from http://www.japanprobe.com/2010/08/24/purikura-japanese-print-club-photos-make-your-eyes-bigger-skin-lighter/
Jenitta, M. I., & Chidambaranathan, C. (2011). Role of mass media in women health. Global Media Journal: Indian Edition, 1-5.
Malamuth, N., M. & Briere, J. (1986). Sexual violence in the media: Indirect effects on aggression against women. Journal of Social Issues 42(3), 75-92
Newsom, J. S. (Producer), Newsom, J. S. (Writer), & Newsom, J. S. (Director). (2011). Miss representation [Motion Picture]. United States.
Orbach, S. (2011). Losing bodies. Social research: An international quarterly, 78(2), 387-394
Ossola, A. (2010). The media’s effect on women’s body image. Hamilton Bicentenial. Retrieved from http://www.hamilton.edu/news/story/the-medias-effect-on-womens-body-image
Parker, A. (2010, June 30). Sex and the saudis. Vanity Fair, Retrieved from http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/2010/08/saudi-arabia-slide-show-201008