retirement decisions for mickey and minnie june 2008
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Retirement Decisions for Mickey and Minnie (June 2008). Prepared by : Janet Ng, Stanley Tam, Calvin Wong, Joanne Yeung, Omar Yip, Patrick Yiu. Table of Content. Brief Summary Client’s Background Financial Status Financial Review Objective Assumptions Review

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retirement decisions for mickey and minnie june 2008

Retirement Decisions forMickey and Minnie (June 2008)

Prepared by : Janet Ng, Stanley Tam, Calvin Wong, Joanne Yeung, Omar Yip, Patrick Yiu

table of content
Table of Content
  • Brief Summary
  • Client’s Background
  • Financial Status
  • Financial Review Objective
  • Assumptions Review
  • Income Requirement for Retirement
  • Recommendations
slide3
Client’s Background
  • Mickey & Minnie is a typical HK middles class
  • Mickey is age 38 & Minnie is 36
  • DINKS ( double income no kids)
  • They tend to enjoy their life after work
    • e.g. red-wine, watch, car and golf
slide4
Mickey

works as a senior engineer

The industry comes across ups and downs

The long working hour makes them stressful.

stomach problems

Minnie

teaching in private secondary school for over 10 years

wants retire simultaneously with husband

Working Background

slide5
Financial Background
  • No Property
  • Travel overseas several times per year
  • No financial burdens apart from support for parents
  • Mickey & Minnie’s mother is age 78 & 75 separately
  • Their parents’ allowances are equally shared with other sisters and brothers
  • Believe they can take care of their own finance
  • 2 years ago, they started up investment for retirement
slide6
Financial Background
  • The current portfolio is around HK$1M
  • Mainly in blue-chip shares and mutual fund
  • Monthly save of HK$10,000 through mutual fund since last year
  • Their coverage is only contain life insurance
  • All living benefit such as critical illness and medical are not existed.
slide7
Financial Status
  • Current Income
slide8
Financial Status
  • Monthly Expense HK$ %

Food $ 7,200 8.00%

Housing $ 19,800 22.00%

Clothing and Personal Care $ 7,200 8.00%

Medical Expense $ 1,800 2.00%

Transportation $ 6,750 7.50% Miscellaneous $ 15,750 17.50%

Insurance $ 4,500 5.00%

Gift and Contribution $ 900 1.00%

Tax $ 13,500 15.00%

Parental support $ 11,700 13.00%

Total Expense $ 89,100 100.00%

financial status
Financial Status
  • Asset and Liabilities

Current Value Expected Return Future Value Expected Return Future Value

Cash 200,000

Shares 1,000,000 10% 6,115,909 12% 8,612,762

Unit Trust 500,000 10% 3,057,954 12% 4,306,381

MPF/ORSO 600,000 3,000,000 3,000,000

2,300,000 19yrs 12,173,863 19yrs 15,919,143

Face Value in Insurance HK$

Life – Husband 3,000,000

Life – Wife 1,000,000

financial review objective
Financial Review Objective
  • Client’s original retirement plan
    • Sole objective is :

sustain to pre-retirement living standard when retired

    • Retire after 19 years from now
    • life expectancy of 30 years of retirement
    • When reach retirement age, their investment return to 4% p.a.
they believe
They believe
  • Their investment
    • accumulate HK$12M to HK$16M for their retirement
    • average of 10% ~ 12% return p.a.
  • Their income is very secure
  • Their salary will increase at 2% p.a.
  • Inflation is 3% p.a.
  • Spending scale-down when retirement
assumptions review
Assumptions Review
  • Inflation Issue
    • Investment return 4% p.a. when retired.
    • Adjusted 3% to 3.5% CPI.
    • Needs +/- HK$3.14M (3% p.a.)
    • +0.5%pa=HK$220,000,per HK$10,000.
    • HK$3.14M to 3.36M.
    • HK$220,000 x 9 times = +/- HK$2M
assumptions review1
Assumptions Review
  • Inflation Issue
    • 2nd concern is in macro-economic level.
    • China inflation over 8.7%.
    • HK dollar is pegged to US dollar.
    • Fuel Inflation.
    • Medical inflation pressure
assumptions review2
Assumptions Review
  • Retirement Age
    • Planning for retirement 19 years from NOW.
    • 10% to mutual fund investment monthly.
    • Mickey-Golden handshake incentive offer.
    • Minnie-psychological pressure.
assumptions review3
Assumptions Review
  • Life Expectancy
assumptions review4
Assumptions Review
  • Risk versus expected return
    • Heavily invest in stocks & emerging market mutual funds
    • Not only to the expected return
    • Dollar cost averaging
    • Suggest annuity products to reduce the overall risk
assumptions review5
Assumptions Review
  • Emergency funds prior to retirement
    • 6 months of monthly expenditures
    • Buying extra accidental insurance
    • Insurance can withdrawal $$$ when emergency
    • Critical illness insurance
    • If no longer work
assumptions review6
Assumptions Review
  • Retirement Home Issue
    • Currently renting an apartment
    • Financing a home
    • Close to retirement age, home to feel more secure
    • Relocate to smaller home or back to China
assumptions review7
Assumptions Review
  • Medical and long term care issues
    • Employer’s group medical
    • Insurability ??? post retirement
    • Long term care Insurance
income requirement for retirement
Income Requirement for Retirement
  • Expense Method Approach
    • Forecast spending pattern
    • Current spending pattern
    • Voluntary reduction
    • Some spending will increase
    • Suggest accumulate asset no less than HK$39.7M
    • Best for pre-retirees who are close to retirement age
income requirement for retirement1
Income Requirement for Retirement
  • Replacement Ratio Approach
    • Final salary close to 70% of the last income.
    • Changes in spending pattern
    • Not the deterioration in standard of living
    • Change in retirement spending habit
    • Suggest accumulate asset no less than HK$39.2M
    • Compare the two figures from two approaches
recommendations
Recommendations
  • Solution to retirement shortfall
    • Shortfall HK$24M
    • Buy a home immediately
    • Mortgage loan:
      • HK$3M
      • 20 years
      • 5% interest rate (i.e. HK$20,000 per month)
    • Mortgage repayment offset by the home rental payment
    • Reduce retirement expense by 22%
recommendations1
Recommendations
  • Solution to retirement shortfall
    • Over-relay on investment return
    • Set aside extra HK$10,000 / month

HK$26.5M

    • Scarify their holiday from 3 times a year to 2 times a year
recommendations2
Recommendations
  • Solution to retirement shortfall
    • Not suggested delay their retirement age
    • Although deferring a retirement schedule reduce the need for asset accumulation
    • Post retirement hobbies
    • Identity and contribution to the society
    • Consult expertise for recurring income
which method is better estimate
Which method is better estimate?

Expense method vs. Replacement Ratio method

  • Final salary vary a lot industry or environment
  • Current seniority supply versus demand
  • Exogenous changes greatly influence
  • Greatly reduce current pressure additional saving
  • Step up rate salary increases
  • Salary increase extra distribution saving for retirement
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