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Federal Aviation Administration. Unmanned Aircraft Systems in the United States. Presented to: US/Europe Intentional Safety Conference By: David Hempe, Manager, FAA Aircraft Engineering Division, AIR-100 Date: June 8, 2006. What is a UAS?.

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Federal Aviation

Administration

Unmanned Aircraft Systems in the United States

Presented to: US/Europe Intentional Safety Conference

By: David Hempe, Manager, FAA Aircraft Engineering Division, AIR-100

Date: June 8, 2006


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What is a UAS?

  • Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) historically called by various terms:

    • Drone/ROA/RPV/UAV/Model/R-C

  • Why UAS?

    • It’s an aircraft, not a vehicle

    • US plans on issuing certification for a system that includes:

      • Unmanned Aircraft (UA)

      • Aircraft Control Station

      • Command & Control Link/s

  • Operated or flown by a “pilot”

  • Ensure “no harm” to other National Airspace Systems customers and public

  • Mitigation for shortfalls in compiling with regulatory requirements must provide a level of safety equivalent to manned operations


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Flying UAS in the NAS

  • Aircraft owned by the state (Public) – through Certificate of Authorization (COA) process - over 50 COA Projecting this year

    • Public organizations (Federal, State etc.,) can self-certify that their UAS is airworthy

  • Experimental airworthiness certification process for UAS owned and operated by industry or privately (Civil)

    • FAA conducts an assessment of the UAS to determine level of airworthiness and set appropriate limitations/safeguards

  • No Type Certificated UAS

    • Working with industry (RTCA SC-203) for the development of industry standards

    • Reviewing existing guidance/policy

  • Model” aircraft – Advisory Circular 91-57, June 1981, guidance

    • Currently no airworthiness standards


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UAS Policy

AVS Policy conditions and limitations, include:

  • General limitations and conditions

  • Definitions

  • Airworthiness certification

  • Chase aircraft

  • Communications

  • Dropping objects/ hazardous material

  • Flight above FL180

  • Flight below FL18022

  • Flight over congested areas

  • Lost link

  • Onboard cameras/sensors

  • Pilot/observer medical standards

  • Pilot qualifications

  • Pilot responsibilities

  • Pilot/observer limitations

  • Observer qualifications and responsibilities


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UAS Certification Efforts

  • FAA is developing Experimental Airworthiness Certificate policy for UAS

    • Significant attention being given to avionics and spectrum supporting flight, containment, flight termination, and command and control.

    • When guidance is complete (FY07), need to create an effective training program to pass on our technical experience to the field.

  • Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Classification –

    • Determining the most appropriate approach to classify UAS.

    • Developing new or modifying existing certification procedures and guidance (e.g. FAA Order 8110.4). Identifying deviations (if any) from existing procedures.

    • Establishing applicable certification basis – Minimum standards


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UAS Certification Efforts

  • Status of Experimentals

    • Two currently issued

    • Three currently being worked

    • Still have plenty in the queue – many inquiries/requests

    • Waiting on the applicants to complete their program letters

  • Status of Certification Criteria Development

    • Ramping up a Directorate Team to begin to:

      • Build knowledge base

      • Review existing FARs

      • Recommend changes/revisions

      • Develop certification polices

    • Have Identified Point Of Contacts –

      • Seven Team members

      • First meeting July 10th


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First Experimental CertificateIssued August 25, 2005

Ceiling -52,000 ft

Endurance - 30+ hr

Length - 36 ft

Wingspan - 86 ft

Weight - 7,000 lb

General Atomics Altair


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Length

17.9 ft

Height

5.7 ft

Wingspan

15.2 ft

Rotor-span

9.5 ft

Take-Off Gross

2250 lbs

Max 200+ kts

Speed

20,000 ft

Altitude

Endurance

8 hours

Next Certificate Issued December 1, 2005

Bell EagleEye


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What Else?

  • Building a UAS Roadmap

    • Critical Activity - a “must have”

    • Lays out the 5 year plan for the integration of UA’s into the National Airspace System

    • Lays the foundation for FAA’s budgetary formulation

    • Tells the world where we are headed

    • “Ideal” would be to line up with Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, and International CAAs

      • Pursuing that discussion

    • Expected in 4-6 months


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