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Negatives and Questions PowerPoint Presentation
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Negatives and Questions

Negatives and Questions

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Negatives and Questions

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  1. Grammar: Negatives and Questions Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  2. CONTENTS: • Forming negatives • Negative questions • Test your grammar Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  3. Forming negatives 1. We make negatives by adding “not” after the auxiliary verbs. If there is no auxiliary verb, we add “do/does/did”: Ex: I haven’t seen her for ages. It wasn’t raining. We shouldn’t have gone to so much trouble. We don’t like big dogs. Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  4. Forming negatives 2. The verb “have” has two forms in the present: Ex: We don’t have any money. I haven’t got But … I didn’t have any money. Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  5. Forming negatives 3. Infinitives and ing-forms can be negative: Ex: I decided not to do anything. The teacher asked us not talk in class. I like not working. It suits me. He enjoys not reading. Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  6. Forming negatives 4. “Not” can go with other parts of a sentence: Ex: Ask him, not me Buy me anything, but not perfume. “No” can go with a noun: Ex: There is no meat in this dish. She has no idea. Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  7. Forming negatives 5. When we introduce negative ideas with verbs such as think, believe, suppose and imagine, we make the first verb negative, not the second: Ex: I don’t think you’re right. Not “I think you aren’t right.” I don’t suppose you want a game of tennis? Not “I suppose you don’t want a game of tennis?” Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  8. Forming negatives 6. In short answers, the following forms are possible: I think so I believe so Are you coming? I hope so I don’t think so I hope not Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  9. Negative questions 1. Negative questions can express various ideas: Ex: Haven’t you finished school yet? (surprise) Don’t you think we should wait for them? (suggestion) Wouldn’t it be better to go tomorrow? (persuasion) Can’t you see I’m busy? Go away (criticism) Isn’t it a lovely day? (exclamation) Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  10. Negative questions 2. In the main use of negative questions, the speaker would normally expect a positive situation, but now expresses a negative situation. The speaker therefore is surprised: Ex: Don’t you like ice-cream? Everyone likes ice-cream. Haven’t you done your homework yet? What have you been doing? Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  11. Negative questions 3. Negative questions can also be used to mean Confirm what I think is true. In this use it refers to a positive situation: Ex: Haven’t I met you somewhere before? (I’m sure I have) Didn’t we speak about this yesterday? (I’m sure we did) Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  12. Negative questions 4. The difference between the two uses can be seen clearly if we change them into sentences with question tags: Ex: You haven’t done your homework yet, have you? (negative sentence, positive tag) We’ve met before, haven’t we? (positive sentence, negative tag) Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  13. Test your grammar Make the sentences negative: • I agree with you. • I think you’re right. • I told her to go home. • “Is John coming?” “I hope so” Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  14. Test your grammar Make the sentences negative: • I knew everybody at the party. • I’ve already done my homework. • You must get a visa. • My sister likes hip-hop, too. Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền

  15. HOPE YOU ENJOY THIS LESSON Teaching in Language Technology Dương Kiều Loan-Phạm Hồ Thanh Hiền