Notebooks • TP- Legal Rights and Responsibilities (Ch. 15) • CM- 344-358 • Geo- Map of the U.S.--Rank the states--1 being the safest • Graphic Organizer- 1 page paper discussing
Notebooks • Ill. Dictionary- Felony, torts, Jurisprudence, statute, Stare Decisis, Writ of Habeas Corpus, Ex Post Facto, • Section Reviews • 347 2-5 • 351 2-5 • 358 2-5
Functions of Law • Set of rules that allow people to live peacefully in a society. • Binding for everyone--Nobody is above the law • Everyone know what to expect…if I steal your car, I go to jail.
Function of Law • To prevent violent acts • Set punishments for breaking the law • Resolve civil disputes • Money • Property • Contracts • Non-Criminal Acts
Function of Law • To be effective laws must; • Fair • Equal • Understandable • Enforceable
Early Laws • Early laws were created for the same reasons we have laws today. • Early laws were passed down from generation to generation by word of mouth. • Even the earliest societies had a set of standards or laws that they lived by.
First Written Laws • Code of Hammurabi • Set of 282 laws • Very harsh penalties for breaking them • The Ten Commandments • Rules for how people were to live and treat one another. • Don’t; • Lie • Cheat • Steal • Kill
Roman Laws • Jurisprudence- The Study of Law • Romans were the first to look at and examine the laws governing its citizens.
English Laws • Common Law- Laws based on the courts decision rather than a set of written laws. • Precedents- Reviewing similar cases in order to develop a ruling on a case.
Public Law • Rights guaranteed under the Constitution • Administrative Law • Ensures government agency act appropriately • Statutory law (statute) • Speed limits • Child labor • Getting a drivers license
International Law • Treaties, Customs, and Agreements among Nations • The World Court • Both sides must be willing to accept courts ruling • Military Issues • Trade Regulations
Criminal Law • Laws that seek to prevent people from deliberately or recklessly harming each other or each other’s property. • Lawyers for both sides present their clients case to a judge or jury. • Judges or Juries are impartial and make the best decision based on the evidence that has been presented to them.
Criminal Law • In criminal cases the government is the plaintiff. • Plaintiff- The party that brings the charges against the alleged criminal • Defendant- Person that is charged with a criminal act. • Felonies • Serious crimes…murder, rape, etc. • Misdemeanors • Less serious crimes…traffic violations, vandalism, etc.
Civil Law • Disputes between people or groups of people in which no criminal laws have been broken. • Lawsuits • Broken Contracts, Divorce • Torts…civil wrongs • A person is injured and claims it was caused by another persons negligence. • Example???