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Unit 1 Review. Definitions. Sociology Symbols Beliefs Values Norms Folkways mores. Laws Language Culture Society Narcissism Internalization Ideology. Definitions. Social Movement Social Control Technology Invention Diffusion Cultural Lag. Components of culture. Technology

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definitions
Definitions
  • Sociology
  • Symbols
  • Beliefs
  • Values
  • Norms
  • Folkways
  • mores
  • Laws
  • Language
  • Culture
  • Society
  • Narcissism
  • Internalization
  • Ideology
definitions1
Definitions
  • Social Movement
  • Social Control
  • Technology
  • Invention
  • Diffusion
  • Cultural Lag
components of culture
Components of culture
  • Technology
  • Symbols
  • Language
  • Values
  • Norms
sub vs counter
Sub vs. counter
  • Subculture – has some values and norms that are not accepted by the mainstream group
  • Counterculture – seeks to replace existing norms and rules with a new set of rules and values
cultural universals
Cultural Universals
  • Why? – all people need to fulfill certain basic needs, and all societies fulfill them, they just differ in the way they meet them.
traits complexes patterns
Traits, Complexes, Patterns
  • Trait is an individual act tool or belief.
  • Complex is a set of interrelated traits
  • A pattern is a set of interrelated Complexes
types of norms
Types of Norms
  • Mores
  • Folkways
  • Laws – formalized mores
studying culture
Studying Culture
  • Break it down into levels
material culture vs nonmaterial culture
Material Culture vs. nonmaterial culture
  • Material culture you can actually touch, taste, see, smell etc.
  • Nonmaterial culture consists of ideas such as religion, beliefs or music
american values
American Values
  • Personal Achievement
  • Individualism
  • Work
  • Morality and Humanitarianism
  • Efficiency and Practicality
  • Progress and Material Comfort
  • Equality and Democracy
  • Freedom
sanctions
Sanctions
  • Positive – Rewards a behavior
  • Formal – given by a formal organization such as school
  • Negative – Punishes a behavior that does not conform.
  • Informal - Spontaneous expression from an informal group
social control
Social Control
  • Authority figures
  • Police
  • Courts
  • Religion
  • Family
  • Public opinion
sources of social change
Sources of Social Change
  • Values and Beliefs
  • Technology
  • Population
  • Diffusion
  • Physical Environment
  • Wars and Conquests
resisting social change
Resisting Social Change
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Cultural Lag
  • Vested Intrests