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Lecture 4: Federalism

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Lecture 4: Federalism

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  1. Lecture 4: Federalism • Concept of Federalism • Advantages and Disadvantages of federalism • History of federal power

  2. Concept of Federalism • Federal vs Unitary Concurrent powers Fed State

  3. Division of powers • What areas are exclusively federal responsibilities? • coin money, wage war, make foreign treaties, regulate immigration and citizenship, regulate interstate commerce • What areas are exclusively or mostly state responsibilities? • establish local governments, ratify constitutional amendments, education • What areas are concurrent? • Tax, borrow money, set up courts

  4. Advantages of a decentralized federal system? • Better reflects local or regional differences • example: speed limits • minimum wage • allows for experimentation • example: Oregon’s assisted suicide?

  5. Disadvantages of federalism • can inhibit trade and mobility • example: state tuition • can promote a race to the bottom • example: lower state taxes, lax environmental laws

  6. For 200 years federal govt expanded with respect to: • Power over the states • regulation and control in economy and society • programs and services provided to citizens • employment • revenue and spending

  7. Post Civil War Era • Growth of big business and national economy • necessary action by fed govt: • starting with regulating railroads, and monopolies

  8. Great Depression and New Deal (1929-41) • Works Project Administration • Social Security • and much more--eventually with USSC approval • Wickard v Filburn (1942) • digression--Raich v Gonzalez (2005)

  9. Civil Rights and Integration (1954-74) • Federal laws and federal troops integrating schools and public accommodations • Heart of Atlanta Motel v United States (1964)

  10. Great Society (1963-69) • War On Poverty • Medicare • Medicaid

  11. Reagan “revolution” and devolution • Less “strings” on reduced federal funding for state programs--from categorical to block grants • Example of “Welfare” reform in 1990s • Conservative Supreme Ct reducing federal controls over states • Examples: • US v Lopez (1995) • US v Morrison (2000) • Robert’s “hapless toad”

  12. California--a donor state--why? • high income • young population • end of cold war funding • diverse Congressional delegation The Collectonator or Flabulator?