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DROUGHT – 2010 BIHAR SCENARIO. DISASTER MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT Government of Bihar. DROUGHT SITUATION IN BIHAR : FEW FACTS. Bihar is facing its second successive drought in 2010 Series of natural disasters over the last four years-

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

DROUGHT – 2010

BIHAR SCENARIO

DISASTER MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT

Government of Bihar

drought situation in bihar few facts
DROUGHT SITUATION IN BIHAR : FEW FACTS
  • Bihar is facing its second successive drought in 2010
  • Series of natural disasters over the last four years-
      • 2007- witnessed severe floods in 22 districts of the State affecting 2.5 crore people;
      • 2008- the breach of the Kosi embankment
      • 2009- severe drought in 26 districts
      • April 2010- Cyclonic storm killing > 100 people and devastation to property.
  • Bihar is flood prone state; so this year’s consecutive widespread drought has magnified the adverse impact
drought situation in bihar at a glance
Drought situation in Bihar-at a Glance
  • Monsoon delayed by 2 weeks
  • Rainfall deficit in June was 32 %(seedling raising season)
  • Actual rainfall from 1st June to 31st July 392.8 mm against a normal 508.5 mm (deficit in rainfall 23%)
  • In South of Ganga- in all 17 distts rain fall deficit >20% (whopping deficit in Buxar- 70%)
  • In North Bihar- 11 out of 21 distts rain fall deficit > 20% (Sitamarhi – 60 % deficit)
  • Worst impact on Kharif crops- Paddy & Maize. Deficit: Paddy coverage – 62.33% & Maize coverage-21.88 %.
  • Other impacts- average increase in temperature; Fall in Ground Water table & Surface water reservoirs.
rainfall scenario at a glance till 31 st july 2010
RAINFALL SCENARIO: AT A GLANCE (till 31stjuly, 2010)

(Till 31st July)

Weekly Rainfall :

Weekly Rainfall :

Monthly Rainfall :

Monthly Rainfall :

district wise shortfall of rainfall and paddy coverage 31 07 2010

District Wise shortfall of Rainfall and paddy Coverage 31.07.2010

Source :- IMD & Agriculture Department, Govt. of Bihar

coverage of paddy maize against target till 31 st july 2010
COVERAGE OF PADDY & MAIZE AGAINST TARGET( till 31st July, 2010)

Paddy: Target - 3550000, Coverage – 1337369 Coverage (%) 37.67

Maize: Target - 375000, Coverage – 293337 Coverage (%) 78.227

rainfall crop coverage till 10 08 10
Rainfall & Crop Coverage till 10.08.10

Rainfall: Normal 603.3 Actual 416.8 Dep.(%) -31%

Pady: Target 3550000 Coverage: 1564721 Coverage(%) 44.08

Maize: Target 375000 Coverage 299184 Coverage(%) 79.76

slide10

DROUGHT INDICATORS & SITUATION IN BIHAR

Source :- CMP, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India

drought declared 28 districts
Drought Declared - 28 Districts

Based on rainfall deficit & paddy coverage till 31st July, 2010

  • Reports received from respective DMs on prevailing ground realities
  • Recommendations by Secretaries/ Principal secretaries in charge in certain districts & Divisional Com of KosiDivn. Based on field visits.

Govt on 03.08.2010 declared drought in following 26 districts:

Patna, Nalanda, Bhojpur, Buxar, Rohtas, Kaimur, Gaya, Jehanabad, Aurangabad, Arwal, Nawada, Munger, Sheikhpura, Lakhisarai, Jamui, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Banka, Saran, Siwan, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, Sheohar, E. Champaran, Madhubani, Samastipur, Darbhanga.

  • In case the situation in remaining 10 districts worsens they may also be declared drought hit.
slide13

Shortage of rainfall and paddy coverage in 28 drought hit districts

Source- Deptt of Agriculture, Govt of Bihar and IMD

slide15

SECTORS AFFECTED

Agriculture

Drinking water

Health

Livestock

Employment

state agriculture profile
State Agriculture Profile

AGRICULTURE SECTOR

Total Geographical Area- 2,31,18,133 Acre.

Net Sown Area - 1,39,92,851 Acre.

Gross Cropped Area - 1,90,65,802 Acre.

Net Irrigated Area - 85,51,140 Acre.

Gross Irrigated Area - 1,14,75,620 Acre.

Total Kharif Area - 1,00,52,900 Acre.

Source :- Agriculture Department, Govt. of Bihar

impact on agriculture kharif 2010
Impact on Agriculture (Kharif 2010)
  • Nursery raising was delayed.
  • Transplanting delayed.
  • Over aged seedlings were transplanted.
  • Deficient rainfall did not favour healthy growth of seedling.
  • Insufficient rainfall followed by intermittent dry spell coupled with high temperature restricted proper growth of paddy crops & other standing crops also withered under moisture stress.
  • Coverage of paddy severely restricted. Paddy transplanted only in 13.38 lakh hec. against the normal area of 35.5 lakh hec.

Source :- Agriculture Department, Govt. of Bihar

slide18

Estimated crop damage due to less area coverage & unsown land during Kharif 2010 (In 28 districts)

Source :- Agriculture Department, Govt. of Bihar

slide19

IMPACT ON OTHER SECTORS

  • Drinking water- Fall in water table and drying up of surface water resources; need to install new deep hand pumps, repair of the old ones etc.
  • Health- Chances of spread of different diseases.
  • Employment- Migration of labour due to non availability of farming activities
  • Animal and Fish resources- Drinking water and fodder scarcity along with spread of some diseases.
  • Energy sector- need of extra power for irrigation
  • Nutrition problem- specially in children and women
  • Food grain shortage- special need for old, destitute, physically challenged etc.
steps taken so far
STEPS TAKEN SO FAR-----
  • Regular review and monitoring by CMG with line deptts at State level
  • Daily monitoring of rainfall and crop coverage etc.
  • Review and monitoring of the situation by Ministers & Departmental Secretaries at department and district level.
  • Weekly review by District Task Force to monitor situation at district level.
  • Loan dues deferment for farmers:
    • Cooperative, RRBs, Commercial Banks
    • Deferment of collection of land revenue & irrigation dues
  • CROP INSURANCE
    • Directive to Commercial & Rural Banks to give maximum coverage
  • Revolving grain storage @ 1 Q each Panchayat
slide21

AGRICULTURE SECTOR

    • Diesel subsidy sanctioned - ` 605. 75 crore
    • Seed subsidy @ ` 7/ kg, Hybrid Paddy seed subsidy @ ` 20/kg
    • Weekly advisory to DoA officials in consultation with KVK scientists
    • Contingency crop plan prepared & being publicized
    • Bihar Bhuzal Yozana – being Publisized
    • Steps to energize non functional tube wells
  • ENERGY SECTOR
    • Minimum power supply of 5-6 hours being ensured in the rural areas for irrigation.
    • Control Room made functional at Bihar State Electricity Board Hqrs
    • Burnt/ defective Transformers being replaced on priority basis
slide22

HEALTH SECTOR

    • Instructions issued to all districts for addressing health issues in the context of prevailing situation
    • Fully equipped Mobile Medical Units sanctioned for all districts.
    • All necessary drugs available in all health facilities.
  • DRINKING WATER
    • Contingency plan ` 585. 25 crore for maintaining DWS
    • Scheme for Rehabilitation/ Rejuvenation/Special repair of 34591 hand pump amounting ` 53.88675 crore sanctioned
    • For sinking of 27083 sustainable Tubewells with India Mark-III pump scheme worth ` 130.5051 crore sanctioned.
    • Mini piped water supply Scheme worth ` 230.88 crore in small villages with electric pump for installing 1560 sets sanctioned.
    • Mini piped water supply Scheme worth ` 92.9445 crore in remote villages with solar pump for installing 473 sets sanctioned.
slide23

LIVESTOCK:

    • Places identified with drinking water facilities for establishment of cattle camps (preferably near State tube-wells).
    • Fodder blocks manufacture started by Bihar State Cooperative Milk Federation (COMFED).
    • Funds made available to all districts to purchase veterinary medicines.
    • Awareness generation material published to save cattle from heat and water scarcity.
  • EMPLOYMENT:
    • Instructions issued to all districts to generate more employment opportunities in rural areas by taking projects related to tree plantation and water conservation.
    • Under MNREGA, works related to water conservation like deepening of ponds, canals, pynes (canals), ahars (check dams); social forestry; micro irrigation works, provision of irrigation facility, drought proofing, etc., taken up;