controlled logging in kalimantan n.
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Controlled Logging in Kalimantan. Group 1 Leader: Leonard Secretary: Le Min IT in-charge: Jun Xiang Presenter: Kian Eng. What is logging?.

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controlled logging in kalimantan

Controlled Logging in Kalimantan

Group 1

Leader: Leonard

Secretary: Le Min

IT in-charge: Jun Xiang

Presenter: Kian Eng

what is logging
What is logging?
  • Logging took off first in Malaysian Borneo, then in Indonesian Kalimantan. Both countries saw a similar boom and bust cycle driven by government subsidies of roads and processing facilities and easy credit. Illegal logging was widespread in both countries.
  • Logging is actually referring to the cutting of trees in order to sell the timber for profit.
history of kalimantan
History of Kalimantan
  • Kalimantan occupies 2/3 of the island of Borneo. The other 1/3 is being occupied by 2 other countries which is known as Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam.
  • Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak occupy northeastern portion of Borneo.
  • Brunei Darussalam is between Sabah and Sarawak.
  • Kalimantan : 539460km²
  • Rich in natural resources
logging in west kalimantan
Logging in West Kalimantan
  • Average of 1656km² of forest is estimated to be lost annually through logging.
  • West Kalimantan – exports processed wood
  • Central Kalimantan – exports log, sawn timber and rattan
  • South Kalimantan – exports sawn timber, plywood, blackboard, processed wood, moulding and rattan.
  • East Kalimantan – exports plywood, sawn timber, veneer and chips.
illegal logging
Illegal logging
  • Legal timber harvesting affects 700,000-850,000 hectares of forest per year in Indonesia.
  • Widespread illegal logging boosts the overall logged area to at least 1.2-1.4 million hectares and possibly much higher.
  • In 2004, Environment Minister Nabiel Makarim said that 75 percent of logging in Indonesia is illegal.
  • Despite an official ban on the export of raw logs from Indonesia, timber is regularly smuggled to Malaysia, Singapore, and other Asian countries.
  • By some estimates, Indonesia is losing around $1 billion a year in tax revenue from the illicit trade.
  • Illegal cutting is also hurting legitimate timber-harvesting businesses by reducing the supply of logs available for processing, and undercutting international prices for wood and wood products.
controlled logging
Controlled logging
  • It is recommended by the MOF to minimize the effects of logging
  • Involves the careful management of forests through measures such as law enforcement, education and research programs.
  • To enforce laws effectively, the MOF imposed and enforced severe penalties, such as fines and imprisonment against offences such as illegal logging.
  • MOF also targeted its education and research programs at the timber companies.
  • Selective cutting has been encouraged as a sustainable method of logging.
  • Only commercially valuable trees are identified and logged.
  • This way, other trees in forested areas remain undisturbed. Thus, this method can control logging in Kalimantan.