BRAZIL The Unknown Giant. Luiz Amaral. Geography. Territory: 8,514,215.3 km ² (3,287 357 mi ² ) Coastline: 7,367 km (4,578 mi) Population: 185,752,945 (03.04.2006) Cities: 5,560 States: 26 + Distrito Federal Regions: 5 (North, North-East, Center-West, South- East, South).
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The Unknown Giant
Territory: 8,514,215.3 km² (3,287 357 mi²)
Coastline: 7,367 km (4,578 mi)
Population: 185,752,945 (03.04.2006)
States: 26 + Distrito Federal
Regions: 5 (North, North-East, Center-West, South- East, South)
(1964 – 1967)
Costa e Silva
(1967 – 1969)
João Baptista Figueiredo
(1979 - 1985)
(1969 – 1974)
(1974 - 1979)
Programa de Ação Econômica do Governo (PAEG)
Reduced budget, deficit, salaries, inflation. GDP grew again.
1969 – 1973: The Brazilian Miracle
GDP grew 11% a year.
Growth was based on more debts and external dependency.
Salaries were very low, and social benefits were lost.
1973 – 1979: Economic Problems
Increase of internal and external debts.
1978 : Strikes in São Paulo.
1980’s: “The lost decade”
Inflation soared, the debt destroyed the Brazilian economy.
IMF imposed a painful austerity program on Brazil.The Economy
1979: Gen. Figueiredo becomes president and promises to finish Geisel’s work.
1979: General amnesty (including those who tortured civilians).
New political parties are allowed to exist.
1982: General elections for governors and state representatives.
1984 – Diretas Já! – Direct (vote) now! A civil movement for direct presidential elections.Redemocratization
Orange Pipeline (Sucoduto)
How do we vote?
BOSSA NOVA (The new beat)