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Development of a New Measure of Ethical Climate. Jill May , Alan Mead, IIT Collaborators: Kemp Ellington, Daniel Gandara , IIT. Agenda. P urpose Previous Measures Team Ethical Climate Survey (TECS) Initial Development Additional Revisions TECS v.3 Future of TECS. Ethical Climate .

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development of a new measure of ethical climate

Development of a New Measure of Ethical Climate

Jill May, Alan Mead, IIT

Collaborators: Kemp Ellington, Daniel Gandara, IIT

agenda
Agenda
  • Purpose
  • Previous Measures
  • Team Ethical Climate Survey (TECS)
  • Initial Development
  • Additional Revisions
  • TECS v.3
  • Future of TECS
ethical climate
Ethical Climate

Ethical climate is defined as a type of work climate that reflects the organizational procedures, policies, and practices with moral consequences (Cullen & Martin, 2006).

Ethical climate manages the organization’s norms and standards and practice for ethical behavior by influencing the shared perceptions of the individuals in the organization (Cullen et al., 2003).

  • Ethical Climate Questionnaire (ECQ)
    • Victor and Cullen (1987,1988)
    • Developed for use in business
    • 20-26 items
ecq proposed dimensions
ECQ- proposed Dimensions

Victor & Cullen (1993)

ecq supported dimensions
ECQ supported Dimensions

Support for 5 factors: Lemmergaard& Lauridsen (2008) Martin & Cullen (2006)

tecs initial scales
TECS Initial Scales
  • Initial scales proposed
    • Friendship/Team Interest*: make decisions based on what is best for the team’s interests
    • Laws and Codes*: put emphasis on laws and codes when making ethical considerations
    • Personal morality*: consider ethical issues from their individual moral codes
    • Rules and procedures*: emphasis on making ethical decisions based on rules set by the program or school
    • Self-Interest*: consideration of self before the team or community
    • Care: team interdependence, comprehension of situational context, and not exploiting vulnerable communities/stakeholders.
    • Interdisciplinary professional ethics: individuals bring in the ethics of their profession to team discussion
slide7
TECS
  • 70 items
  • Initial reliability- alpha=0.80
  • SME panel
    • Removed 5 items
    • Added 6 items
    • Altered additional items
  • Dealing with adversity: how the team makes decisions under stressful situations
  • Shared ethics model: recognition and discussion of ethical issues
results 2012 administration
Results- 2012 Administration
  • Spring 2012
  • n= 305
  • Added items for five scales
tecs administration 3
TECS Administration 3
  • Fall 2012
  • 59 items
  • EFA with 12 potential solutions
  • n=521
short form
Short form
  • 19 items
    • Four strongest loading items from each factor
    • n=518
    • Alpha=.79
future of tecs
Future of TECS
  • CFA
  • Short form
  • 4 items on personal morality
  • Building team level data
  • Validation
    • Correlate with ECQ
    • Correlate with peer ratings
acknowledgements
Acknowledgements

National Science Foundation

Partners at Purdue, Lehigh University, and Michigan Tech

sample tecs items 1
Sample TECS Items -1
  • Friendship:
    • My team shares a common understanding of "right and wrong.“
  • Laws and Codes
    • Only rarely does my team discuss how laws or codes apply to our project.
  • Personal Morality
    • Even though I am part of a team, I decide for myself what is ethical.
  • Rules and Procedures
    • Sometimes, a team has to do things that bend the rules.
sample tecs items 2
Sample tecs items -2
  • Self-interest
    • People in my team mainly put themselves before the team.
  • Shared Ethics Model
    • Most people on my team wouldn't speak up if the group was making a decision that was wrong.
  • Interdisciplinary Professional Ethics
    • On my team, we believe that every student can bring a unique perspective when making ethical decisions.
  • Care
    • My team thinks about what impact our work will have on the community at large.
tecs scale definitions
TECS Scale Definitions

From ECQ:

Self Interest (Individual-Egoism)

Definition: consideration of self before the team or community

Friendship/Team (Individual-Benevolence)

Definition: make decisions based on what is best for the team’s interests

Laws and Codes (P-C)

Definition: the team puts emphasis on laws and codes when making ethical considerations

Personal Morality (P-I)

Definition: team members consider ethical issues from their individual moral codes

Rules and Procedures (PL)

Definition: emphasis on making ethical decisions based on rules set by the program or school

tecs scale definitions 2
TECs scale Definitions 2

Care ethics

Definition: captures team interdependence,

comprehension of situational context, and not

exploiting vulnerable communities/stakeholders.

When Push Comes to Shove

Definition: how the team makes decisions under stressful situations

Interdisciplinary Ethics

Definition: individuals bring in the ethics of their profession to team discussion.