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OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK . Flora . Common Tree Species : Common Shrubs. Coastal Forest : ( Mild temperatures and abundant rain). Western hemlock. Western red cedar. Sitka spruce. Red alder. Salal. evergreen. huckleberry. salmonberry. Black twinberry.

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OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK


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coastal forest mild temperatures and abundant rain

CommonTreeSpecies:

CommonShrubs

CoastalForest:(Mild temperatures and abundant rain)

Western hemlock

Western red cedar

Sitka spruce

Red alder

Salal

evergreen

huckleberry

salmonberry

Black twinberry

lowland

Mild climate, deeper soils and generous rainfall grow world record trees

Characteristics can be

Trees older than about 200 years

Abundant downed wood on the ground

A multi-layered canopy

Standing dead trees called snags

Lowland
lowland1

CommonTrees

  • CommonShrubs
Lowland

Douglas-fir

Grand fir

Coast red elderberry

Oceanspray

Oregon grape

temperate forest

Moderatetemperatures:

CommonTrees

Commonshrubs

Temperateforest

Big leafmaple

Black Cottonwood

Vine maple

huckleberry

salmonberry

montane forest

Montane forest begins at about 1,500­–2,000 feet and­­ transitions into subalpine forests at about 4,000 feet. 

CommonTrees

Montaneforest

Alaska yellow-cedar

Silverfir

  • Commonshrubs

Fool’shuckleberry

Devil’s club

Pacificrhododendron

Bearberry

subalpine forest

Fire also wields a powerful brush in the subalpine zone. The Olympics are known for rain, but in the summer, very little falls.

CommonTreeSpecies

Commonshrubs

SUBALPINE FOREST

Mountain hemlock

Sitka alder

Subalpinefir

Blueberries

Commonjuniper

Sitka mountain-ash

White rhododendron

alpine forest

Characteristics:

Hugging the ground to avoid the drying winds

Having small waxy or hairy leaves to conserve moisture

Having bulbs or tap roots to store energy over winter and fuel growth each spring

Being able to grow at cold temperatures and even while snow-covered

Forming their buds the year before

Alpineforest
alpine forest1

AlpineWildflowers

Alpineforest

Smoothdouglasia

Scallopedonion

Spreadingphlox

Piper’sbellflower

Flett’sviolet