Analyzing Attitudes on Immigration Through Political Cartoons History Alive Activity 1.3 Angela Brown
What to do: • You will analyze a series of Political Cartoons to learn about the various attitudes Americans held toward immigrants around the turn of the century. • Use Student Handout 1.3a • Analyze each Placard 1.3a through 1.3H
The Placards will be passed around among the pairs. • When you finish with a placard one partner should bring the placard and both copies of the handout to me. • I will check your answers for accuracy and thoroughness. • If answers are satisfactory, I will give you the next placard.
What do I write? • 1. Sketch the missing portion of the cartoon. • 2. Examine the cartoon. • 3. discuss the questions on the handout. • 4. Record your answers on your handout. • 5. The last placard that you examine will be the one that you present to the class.
Wrap Up • As the “experts” on each cartoon share their analysis add to your notes as needed • Presenters should share answers to the questions and point out details in the cartoon that support their answers.
Class Discussion and Debriefing: • What are some positive attitudes or views toward immigrants depicted in the political cartoons? • What are some negative attitudes or views depicted in them? • What was difficult about analyzing the cartoons?
Based on these cartoons, what kind of reception do you think immigrants could expect to find when they came to the United States? • How do you think an immigrant arriving in the United States in 1900 would react if he or she picked up a newspaper or magazine and saw one of these cartoons?
In what ways do you think American attitudes toward immigrants around the turn of the century are similar to American attitudes today? In what ways are they different? • Do you think that political cartoons are an accurate gauge of public opinion? Why or Why not?
Your Turn: • On a white sheet of paper create a political cartoon showing the attitude you think most people in the United States hold toward immigrants today. • Include a caption and a brief explanation of the cartoon at the bottom of the page.