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Founding Fathers Of the United States Constitution And Our Country’s Early History
Paul Revere • Portrait painted by John Singleton Copley • Revere was a master silversmith, which is why he is holding a silver teapot in the portrait. It was also a symbol of the Boston Tea Party and the fact that he was a member of the Sons of Liberty. • http://www.americanrevolution.org/revere.html
Nathan Hale • Hale was the first CIA agent in the United States. • He was quoted as saying, “ I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” • This picture is a sketch of his execution.
Thomas Jefferson • Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. He was a gifted writer. • He sent Lewis and Clark out to explore the Louisiana Purchase. • He was the 3rd president of the United States.
Abigail Adams • Abigail had little formal schooling but a quick wit and was a colorful writer. • Her son became the 6th U.S. president • Her letters give us an insight into her thoughts and contemporary attitude of the time.
John Adams • Adams was often misunderstood—people thought he was cold and rude • He and his cousin, Sam were leaders of the Sons of Liberty • He was the first to have his son serve as president also • His political ideas and policies lasted the test of time
Ethan Allen • Allen was a patriot and soldier in the Revolutionary War. • He led the Green Mountain Boys in the capture of Fort Ticonderoga—one of the most important battles of the war. • This statue is in the United States Capitol. • http://www.virtualvermont.com/history/eallen.html
Benedict Arnold • Arnold was one of the most trusted American generals of the Revolutionary War. • He turned traitor because he was passed over for military honors and accused of abusing his power and standing.
Phillis Wheatley • Wheatley was a slave to a prominent Boston family. She was treated like family, educated, and wrote poetry that was published. • She never had true freedom and died impoverished. • http://www.uoregon.edu/~rbear/wheatley.html
Samuel Adams • Samuel was cousin to John Adams and preferred to work “behind the scenes” of the Revolution. • He signed the Declaration of Independence and was part of the Boston Tea Party.
John Paul Jones • Jones was known as the Father of the American Navy • He was quoted as having said, “I have not yet begun to fight.”
John Hancock • Hancock was known for his legible signature (shown below) • He signed the Declaration of Independence first and said something to the effect of, “Let’s see if [King ] George can read that!”
Molly Pitcher—Mary Hays McCauly • Molly Pitcher went to war with her husband and brought water to the soldiers. • When her husband was wounded, she took his spot at the cannon and kept on fighting. • President Washington gave her an award for her courage. • http://184.108.40.206/~mollypitcher/
Alexander Hamilton • Hamilton was the nation’s first secretary of the treasury • He was a bold and creative thinker • His ideas greatly influence our government today
George Washington • Known as the “Father of Our Country”, he was really the 12th president • He was deeply concerned with helping the fledgling republic flourish
Dolley Madison • Dolley is most noted for saving the painting of George Washington that hung in the White House when the British burned it during the War of 1812
James Madison • James is the “Father of the Constitution” • He received many ideas from those he associated with, but the final written copy was in his words • He designed our system of checks and balances
Benjamin Franklin • Franklin was “a jack-of-all-trades and a master of many” • He was the only person who signed four of the most important documents in U.S. history
Thomas Paine • Paine met Benjamin Franklin who advised him to move to the colonies • He wrote political tracts, his most famous being Common Sense, advocating independence.
Deborah Sampson • Sampson fought in the Revolutionary War for over a year disguised as Robert Shurtliff, until she received a serious wound. • She was discharged with honors. • http://www.awm.lee.army.mil/Army_Women_Notable/gannett_deborah.htm
Benjamin Banneker • Benjamin was an astronomer, mathematician, farmer, and surveyor—and probably the best known black person during his time • A clock he invented kept almost perfect time for 50 years • http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blbanneker.htm
Betsy Ross • Legend has it that she designed the first U.S. flag • The story first came about 94 years after it was to have first happened • Betsy Ross did sew flags and had an upholstery business. • http://www.usflag.org/about.betsy.ross.html
Joseph Brant • Joseph was a Mohawk Indian leader who fought in the British Army. • He was also a Christian missionary among his people. • He was a leading member of the League of the Iroquois • http://earlyamerica.com/review/1998/brant.html