The Enlightenment. The English. England 1650-1800. Prelude Following the death of Elizabeth I, James I, a staunch Catholic, assumes the throne and begins the persecution of the Protestants. 1649: The English Civil War
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Received a prestigious education and while dabbling in medicine, a mentor introduced him to political thought. His early works focus on religious tolerance in response to the bickering in England at the time.
Essay Concerning Human Understanding, 1690
Two Treatises of Government, 1690
Man is inherently good.
Necessity of government requires compromise for the betterment of the whole.
Representative government with separation of powers.
Founding fathers drew on this for the U.S. Constitution
Humans have the inalienable rights to “Life, Liberty and Property.”