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ORGANIC AGRICULTURE: PRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS IN TURKEY
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  1. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE: PRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS IN TURKEY

  2. OUTLINE • OrganicAgriculture in Turkey: An Overview • Production • Provinces • Products • Markets • Developments • EducationandTrainingResearch • Conclusion: OpportunitiesandCollaborationAreas

  3. DEFINITION OF ORGANIC FARMING • Organic farming can be defined as an approach to agriculture where the aim is: - To create integrated - Humane - Environmentally and economically sustainable agriculture production systems - Livestock and human nutrition • Organic agriculture has its roots in traditional agricultural practices that evolved in countless villages and farming communities over the millenia • Organic production systems are based on- Specific and precise standards of production • - Biological and ecological systems • - Requirements for organically produced foods

  4. OVERVIEW • 27 years of history • Lesiglated since 1994 • Surfaceareaincreasingthroughoutthecountry • Meanplot size increasing (from 3 to 8.5 ha) • Productrange: slowerincrease rate in terms of agriculturalproducts but diversificationthroughprocessing

  5. OVERVIE • Easyresponseandcoordination of companiesbasedupondemand • Fundingfororganicagricuture: a priorityforregionaldevelopmentagenciesandotherfunds as IPARD • Manyregionalprojectswithcollaboration of differentstateandlocalinstitutions • Manyworkshops

  6. ORGANIC FARMING IN TURKEY • Producingorganicagriculturalproducts since themid 1980s. • Driedsultanas, apricotsandfigswerethefirstitems ot be producedorganically. • Turkishorganicproduction can be classifiedunderthefollowingproductcategories: • -Driedfruits • -Spicesandherbs • -Freshorprocessedfruitsandvegetables • -Pulses • -Cereals • -Industrialcrops • -Otherraw/processedproducts. • Since 1985there's a steady progress • A great deal of crops produces by the organic agriculture methods are exported to European Union countries.

  7. OrganicFoodandNon-FoodPlantProduction (2009-2010)

  8. OrganicAnimalProduction (2010)

  9. LEADING PROVINCES İzmir: Driedfruit, tomatoproducts, herbs, textilesfortheexport market + Freshfruitandvegetablesforthedomestic market + culinaryherbsAydın: Driedfig + wildharvestManisa: Raisins + Freshfruit + vegetablesŞanlıurfa: Cotton + wheatSamsun: Hazelnut + vegetablesErzurum + Çanakkale: AnimalproductsAfyon + Isparta: RoseoilHatay: Laurelleavesandsoap

  10. DOMESTIC MARKET • Number of OpenMarkets (F&V, cosmetics, textilesincreasing in bigcities) • Productrangeincreasingalso at retailershops • Retailers (e.g. Tesco-Kipa, Migros) startedtoproduceundertheirownbrand • Number of retailerssellingorganicproductsincreasing

  11. EXPORT MARKET • Traditionalproducts as driedfruit, hazelnutandcottonstillcontinueto be theleaders • Pharmaceuticals • Blackteaandherbalteaproduction • Quantity of culinaryherbs (anniseseed, laurel, rosemary, thyme, oregano, fennel) • Number of processedfoodincludingjuices, canning, deep-freezing • Processednon-food

  12. DEVELOPMENTS EducationTraining VocationalSchools on Training of Farmers OrganicAgricultureMoFAL, Cooperatives, UndergraduateLevelUnions, NGos CompulsoryandElectiveTraining of trainers CoursesMoFAL (Organicunit), Post-GraduatelevelconsultantsandNGOs MSC. andPh. D at fewTraining of researchers universities on productionMoFALanduniversities and marketing

  13. DEVELOPMENT OF ORGANIC FARMING IN TURKEY • Started in 1984-85 • For developments of organic agriculture, Turkey needs: - Training • - Research and development of the domestic market • -More organic products

  14. DEVELOPMENTS RESEARCH Ministry Of FoodAgricultureUniversities andLivestock Research at 27 National Ege University ResearchInstitutes Ankara University AnnualMeeting Of ResearchGroup Çukurova University On OrganicAgriculture (March 19-22 Selçuk University 2012 Antalya) Akdeniz University A Proceedingpublished: of 44 research A compilation is articlesavaible at MOAN Topicswideningandlongtermresearch (OrganicAgriculture targets (eg. Breeding) increasingCongressevery 3 year) Org e-printspromotedforTurkishresearchers

  15. EXPORTING OF ORGANIC PRODUCTS • Turkey exports • -Sultanas • -Dried figs • -Apricots • -Frozen fruits • -Spices • -Pulses • Turkey mostly exports to Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Denmark and France • What Turkey produces rather few • -Coffee • -Hot beverage • -Chocolate • -Candies and gums

  16. OPPORTUNITIES • DifferentNaturalandAgroecosystems • Biodiversity • RawMaterial • IncreasingProductRange • YoungPopulation • GoodInvestmentClimate • Unsatured Market

  17. CONCLUSIONS Twobasicfactorswilldeterminethefuture of organicagricultureactivities in Turkey.Thefirstone is: Demand of consumerswhoarewillingto pay morefor a productthat is environmentandhealthfriendly.Thesecondfactor is: Thenumber of amount of producerswhowill producewithoutusingchemicalinputsand willacceptthespecialconditions of organic farming.

  18. OUR SCHOOL

  19. Cumhuriyet AnatolianHighSchool • Located in Manisa in thewest of Turkey • İzmir (3rd biggestcity) 30 km. far away • Nearestairport: İzmir Adnan Menderes InternationalAirport (50 km) • Closetoseveralotanticplaces: Ephesus, Sirince, VirginMary’sHouse, Kuşadası, SardesAnticCity • School: over 500 studentsagedbetween 15-19 • 45 staff

  20. What is oureducationsystem? Ifweneedto talk aboutoureducationsystem, its education is based on Anatolian High School System. Educating language is Turkish. English and German are compulsory foreign languages. Due to the Turkish Education System in 10th grade of school, students select one of the four sections which are "Foreign Language Based", "Maths-Science Based", “Turkish-History Based” and "Turkish-Maths Based". Although the hours of each courses change in this sections, students are responsible all of the main courses like Maths, Turkish, Physics, History etc. Also students can take courses like Drawing, Music, Computer Science, PE etc.

  21. SCHOOL GARDEN

  22. MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK

  23. SCHOOLYARD

  24. SCHOOLYARD

  25. SCHOOLYARD

  26. CANTEEN

  27. ART CLASS

  28. It’s a pleasantactivity in ourschool. Studentswrite a shortpoem on post-it notesand put up on the panel.

  29. LIBRARY

  30. THE COUNTRIES WE HAVE BEEN TO… Itwas a goodexperienceforourstudentstoturnto an advantage in theirstudyandbusiness life. Theyall had great time there, found a chancetogettoknowmoreabouteachother.

  31. Thanksforwatching andlistening us