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Courtney Colahan, Franklin Howard, Josh Reaves, Kim Rieder, Lillie Thurman P4 Yellow

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Courtney Colahan, Franklin Howard, Josh Reaves, Kim Rieder, Lillie Thurman P4 Yellow

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  1. Courtney Colahan, Franklin Howard, Josh Reaves, Kim Rieder, Lillie Thurman P4 Yellow

  2. Origin of Passover • Called Passover because God “passed over” the houses of the Jews during the tenth plague which was the death of the firstborn. • Also the celebration/remembrance of the Exodus from Egypt. CC

  3. Origin of Passover • The Hebrew name for Passover is Pesah • refers to the paschal lamb offered as a family sacrifice • Another name for Passover is Hag ha-Matsot which means “the Feast of the Unleavened Bread” • The Israelites left Egypt quickly and did not have time to let their bread rise CC

  4. Origin of Passover • It was originally two festivals that were later combined: • The Pesah meal • The Feast of the Unleavened Bread • The seder is modeled after the Greco-Roman “talk-feast”. • The Seder meal is based off of instructions/prayers from the Haggadah, a book describing the rituals. CC

  5. Purpose of Passover • The purpose of the Passover is to build a connection with God by following the Biblical commandment given to the Hebrews. • Also to retell the story of the Exodus for generations to remember the struggle JR

  6. Purpose of Original Passover Actions • The reason for putting blood on the doors was to have the Holy Spirit not enter their home to slaythe first born child. • The blood used was the blood of a lamb. JR

  7. Parts of the Passover Meal Marrar/Chazerot- bitter horseradish - represent the harshness of their slavery in Egypt Z’roa - roasted meat/bones - represents the paschal lamb sacrificed Charoset - mixture of nuts/cinnamon/apple - reprsents the bricks and mixs from their slavery times Beitzah- egg- represents the sacrifice gifts given at the Temple in Jerusalem Matzah - unleavened bread Karpas - onion/other herbs - represents the pain/tears from their slavery JR

  8. References in Hebrew Scriptures • Exodus 12:1-20 - describing the rituals of the Passover celebration (ranging from the lamb’s blood on the doorpost to the celebrations with unleavened bread) • Leviticus 23:1-8 - describes the rituals for each day of Passover KMR

  9. References in Hebrew Scriptures • Ezra 6:19-22 - describes when the Jews celebrated the Festival of Unleavened Bread (Passover) - on the 14th day of the first month, Nisan KMR

  10. References in Christian Scripture • Matthew 26 - Jesus knew he would not be present to celebrate the Passover, because he would be crucified during it, so he celebrates an early Passover with his disciples at the Last Supper • 1 Corinthians 5:6-10 - Paul is telling the Corinthians to uphold the meaning of Passover and to celebrate Jesus’ redemption for us with sincerity KMR

  11. Connection between Hebrew and Christian References in the Bible • The Hebrew Passover was a celebration of the safety and purity the Jews were receiving from their freedom from bondage. And in Christian scripture, Jesus, the true Paschal Lamb, represents our redemption • Jesus’ death represents the realization of the Jewish Passover and the commencement of the Christian Passover KMR

  12. Relation to Christian liturgical Practices • The blood of lamb that protected the Jewish people is like the blood of Christ he gave for our sins and redemption. • In traditional passover meals, they sacrifice the paschal lamb, just like Jesus sacrificed himself for us. LT

  13. Relation to Christian liturgical Practices • It was during Jesus’ last seder that he took unleavened bread and held it up to his disciples. He did the same with the seder wine. • At every Mass we remember him with wafers or unleavened bread and wine. LT

  14. Relation to Christian Liturgical Practices • The prayers that the priest says over the bread and wine at mass come directly from the prayers said over the Seder meal. LT

  15. Sacrament Relationship • The Hebrew Passover is closely comparable to the sacrament practice of the Eucharist. • The Passover and the Eucharist both share the breaking and eating of unleavened bread. • Unleavened- means humility and purity. • The Unleavened Bread given during the Passover and the Eucharist is called the Matzah. FH

  16. Sacrament Relationship • The Eucharist and Passover both are central liturgical rituals of their respective religions. • Moses led the Jews out of Egypt, and the Passover meal is a celebration of him doing so. • The Eucharist is a way we can share in Christ’s sacrifice of his crucifixion through his resurrected life. FH

  17. Sacrament Relationship • The initiation of the Eucharist in the Last Supper was the last Passover meal Jesus celebrated. • When we take the Eucharist we are eating Jesus’ body and blood, which saves us in eternity. • In comparison, the Passover lamb’s blood saved them from death and eternal damnation. FH