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I). Democratizing America? II). Religious Fervor III). Rise of Andrew Jackson. IV). Indian Policy V). Political Parties. Jacksonian America, 1824-45. Things to consider . Expansion & reduction of democracy Deepening of slavery

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jacksonian america 1824 45
I). Democratizing America?

II). Religious Fervor

III). Rise of Andrew Jackson

IV). Indian Policy

V). Political Parties

Jacksonian America, 1824-45
things to consider
Things to consider
  • Expansion & reduction of democracy
  • Deepening of slavery
  • Role of government in economic, social, cultural, national life
  • Mass political movements
  • Religion and politics
  • Indian sovereignty & U.S. democracy
democratizing america
Democratizing America?

-No property

-Popular election of officials

-Non-farming groups

-Voters chose electors & Pres

-All white male political equality

reducing democracy
Reducing Democracy

-Citizen defined practically as white and male

-Women lacked voting rights: treated as male property, no legal status

-Increased oppression of blacks

*Growth of slave codes

*Punishment against free blacks

*Racial inferiorities “biological”

*Slave rebellions

the rise of andrew jackson
The Rise ofAndrew Jackson

-b.1767: humble birth

-Western lawyer

-Scots-Irish, farmer

-War hero

-Indian fighter

“Jacksonian Democrats”

the politics of image
The Politics of Image

-Vote for the party, the policies, the person, or the perception?

-“Populist” image

-Emotionalism

-Mass politics/parties

-Communication & organization

jackson presidency 1828 1836
Jackson Presidency, 1828-1836

-Image of anti-elitism, big gov’t, North East

-Rejected Nat’l Bank & “American Plan”

-Spoils System

-Pay back supporters

second great awakening
Second Great Awakening

I). Methodists & Baptists

A. Rural & West

B. “Choose salvation”

C. Pop culture

D. Reformist

1830s Lorenzo Dow

democratizing religion
Democratizing religion

-Outlet for women

-Church attendance

-African Americans

-Emotionalism and evangelicalism

-American Political System

-Slavery & women’s rights

jackson and the indians
I). Eastern Indians after 1812

II). “Five Civilized Tribes”

III). Georgia

IV). Indian Removal Act

V). Resistance

VI). Trail of Tears

Jackson and the Indians
indian nations after 1812
Indian Nations after 1812

-British eliminated

-Tecumseh defeated

-Treaties and land

-125,000 Natives

-Conflict with states

-Assimilation?

-Extermination?

-Removal?

five civilized tribes
“Five Civilized Tribes”
  • Cherokee
  • Choctaw
  • Chickasaw
  • Creek
  • Seminole

William McIntosh

cherokee nation
Cherokee Nation
  • Constitution
  • Dictionary
  • Cherokee Phoenix
  • Bilingual
  • Schools & churches
  • Sequoyah 
georgia and the cherokee
Georgia and the Cherokee
  • GA ignored

1827 constitution

  • Jurisdiction over tribe
  • Farm land
  • Barred from court
  • Gold, 1829
indian removal act 1830
Indian Removal Act, 1830
  • Jackson disliked federal-Indian relations
  • Did not want to void treaties
  • “Save” the Indians from harm
  • East of the Mississippi River
  • Open land for white farmers
resistance to removal 1831 2
Cherokee v. Georgia

-Tribe sued Georgia

-Are Cherokees a foreign nation?

-“Domestic dependent nations”

-Indians and federal gov’t

Worcester v. Georgia

-Rev. Samuel Worcester

-GA arrested him

-Sued GA, won in Court

-States lack power on res.

Resistance to Removal, 1831-2
chief justice john marshall
Chief Justice John Marshall
  • “…one of the great constitutional crises in the history of the nation.”
  • Jackson Ignored Marshall
cherokee removal
Cherokee Removal
  • Chief John Ross
  • Opposed removal
  • 16,000 signatures
  • Wife died on Trail of Tears
  • Chief until 1860s
trail of tears
Trail of Tears
  • 1838: ¼ Died on trip
  • No compensation for property
  • Cold, hunger, disease
  • Some refused to go, remain in GA, NC, TN
conclusions re indian affairs
Conclusions re: Indian affairs
  • 1840s Indian Affairs shift to Plains
  • Most Natives relocated east of Miss.
  • Seminole Wars in Florida
  • Indian Nations above states
  • Direct relations with federal gov’t.
conclusions for jacksonian america
Conclusions for Jacksonian America
  • Mass politics
  • Growth and decline of democracy
  • Religious revivalism
  • Importance of Race
  • Indian removal and resistance