Physics of Light. Kristen Halls 5/7/09. What is Light?. Does not need medium to travel through Consists of energy in the form of electric and magnetic fields Known as electromagnetic radiation. Light Waves . Come in many different sizes (size of wave measured in wave lengths)
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Does not need medium to travel through
Consists of energy in the form of electric and magnetic fields
Known as electromagnetic radiation
Come in many different sizes
(size of wave measured in wave lengths)
Come in many different frequencies
(# of waves that pass a point in space during a time interval)
Measured in Hertz (Hz)
Ranges from 430 trillion Hz, seen as red, to 750 trillion Hz, seen as violet
Violet has the most energy while red has the least
When you look at the visible light of the sun, it appears white. But white isn’t a color!
Because white light is made up of many color frequencies.
Rainbows show us this!
What happens when you mix different colors of light?
Primary Colors of Light:
Red, Green and Blue
When sunlight enters atmosphere, it collides with the oxygen and nitrogen atoms.
The colors with the shorter wavelengths are scattered more by this collision
Violet and blue are the shortest wavelengths but our eyes are more sensitive to blue light so we a blue sky
Sunsets are reddish because the sun is not directly overhead
Rays must cross through much more atmosphere
After having crossed so much air, most of the blue light is scattered out, as well as most of the green. This leaves the red, yellow and orange colors
Take a look over this comic when you are finished with your lab and think about what the correct answers are to Calvin’s (the little boy’s) questions.