Local Emergency Planning Committee GHS: It’s What’s For Lunch!!
Quick Count • Manufacturers using GHS Already? • Responders? • Manufacturers not yet Using GHS? • Other Users of Chemicals?
Michelle KareisDesignated Human Sacrifice Vertellus Performance Materialsmkareis@vertellus.com336-834-4903
DISCLAIMER!!! This presentation is an INTRODUCTION ONLY!!! It is intended to give you just enough information to make you want to crawl into a closet or retire….whichever comes first. By June 15, 2015, we’ll all be experts….. Or we’ll be WalMart Greeters! (PLEASE feel free to eat while I babble!)
Agenda • Intro: What is GHS • What’s Changing (and what’s not!) • Pictograms, Hazard Categories, and the dirty details • Safety Data Sheets • Labels • HMIS/NFPA vs GHS • Recap • Questions • Contact Information
GHS: What it Is… • International Effort (through UN) to standardize hazard communication information across the world. • US Goal is to integrate components of the UN Global Harmonization Standard (GHS) into HazCom (29 CFR 1910.1200 • OSHA final rule to revise 29 CFR 1910.1200: Details released 3/20/12, final rule to appear in 3/26/12 Fed. Reg. • Changes MSDSrequirements,labeling, classifications, and requires retraining of all employees.
Overview • Hazard classification: Specific criteria for classification of health hazards (10), physical hazards (16) and environmental hazards; as well as classification of mixtures. (Identified ranges instead of educated guessing). • Safety Data Sheets: Specific 16-section format. • Labels: Labels provided by chemical manufacturers and importers must be in color and contain 6 specific elements. • Information and training: The Final HCS will require that workers are trained within two years of the publication of the final rule to facilitate recognition and understanding of the new labels and safety data sheets.
What’s Changing….and What’s NOT! What’s Changing: • “MSDS” becomes “SDS” • Labels • 6 Specific Elements • Pictograms • Signal Words • Hazard Categories (1 – 5) • Specific definitions of some MSDS/Label terms (i.e., “Corrosive”) What’s NOT Changing: • DOT/UN Placards • NFPA and HMIS Codes (0 – 4) • Products with EPA-specific Labels (yet) Many US Companies Are Already Using This!!!
Pictograms GHS uses 9 pictograms that have been assigned for each hazard class.
Pictogram Shape and Color • For transport, pictograms will have the background and symbol colors currently used. • For other sectors, pictograms will have a black symbol on a white background with a red diamond frame. A black frame may be used for shipments within one country. • Where a transport pictogram appears, the GHS pictogram for the same hazard should not appear.
16 Physical Hazards • Explosives • Flammable Gases • Flammable Aerosols • Oxidizing Gases • Gases Under Pressure • Flammable Liquids • Flammable Solids • Self-Reactive Substances • Pyrophoric Liquids • Pyrophoric Solids • Self-Heating Substances • Substances Which in Contact with Water Emit Flammable Gases • Oxidizing Liquids • Oxidizing Solids • Organic Peroxides • Substances Corrosive to Metal
10 Health Hazards • Skin Corrosion • Skin Irritation • Eye Effects • Sensitization • Germ Cell Mutagenicity • Carcinogenicity • Reproductive Toxicity • Target Organ Systemic Toxicity: Single Exposure & Repeated Exposure • Aspiration Toxicity
Environmental Hazards (Optional) • Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment • Acute Aquatic Toxicity • Chronic Aquatic Toxicity
Safety Data Sheets As of June 1, 2015, the HCS will require new SDSs to be in a uniform format, and include the section numbers, the headings, and associated information under the headings below: • Section 1, Identification includes product identifier; manufacturer or distributor name, address, phone number; emergency phone number; recommended use; restrictions on use. • Section 2, Hazard(s) identification includes all hazards regarding the chemical; required label elements. • Section 3, Composition/information on ingredients includes information on chemical ingredients; trade secret claims. • Section 4, First-aid measures includes important symptoms/ effects, acute, delayed; required treatment. • Section 5, Fire-fighting measures lists suitable extinguishing techniques, equipment; chemical hazards from fire. • Section 6, Accidental release measures lists emergency procedures; protective equipment; proper methods of containment and cleanup.
Safety Data Sheets, Cont. • Section 7, Handling and storage lists precautions for safe handling and storage, including incompatibilities. • Section 8, Exposure controls/personal protection lists OSHA's Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs); Threshold Limit Values (TLVs); appropriate engineering controls; personal protective equipment (PPE). • Section 9, Physical and chemical properties lists the chemical's characteristics. • Section 10, Stability and reactivity lists chemical stability and possibility of hazardous reactions. • Section 11, Toxicological information includes routes of exposure; related symptoms, acute and chronic effects; numerical measures of toxicity. • Section 12, Ecological information* • Section 13, Disposal considerations* • Section 14, Transport information* • Section 15, Regulatory information* • Section 16, Other information, includes the date of preparation or last revision. *Note: Since other Agencies regulate this information, OSHA will not be enforcing Sections 12 through 15(29 CFR 1910.1200(g)(2)).
Signal Words “Danger” or “Warning” • Used to emphasize hazard and discriminate between levels of hazard. • “Danger” is higher hazard than “Warning” • Some hazard categories will not use either.
Hazard Statements A single harmonized hazard statement for each level of hazard within each hazard class • Example: Flammable liquids • Category 1: Extremely flammable liquid and vapour • Category 2: Highly flammable liquid and vapour • Category 3: Flammable liquid and vapour • Category 4: Combustible liquid
Example: Current vs. GHS “Corrosive” "Corrosive:" A chemical that causes visible destruction of, or irreversible alterations in, living tissue by chemical action at the site of contact. For example, a chemical is considered to be corrosive if, when tested on the intact skin of albino rabbits by the method described by the U.S. Department of Transportation in appendix A to 49 CFR part 173, it destroys or changes irreversibly the structure of the tissue at the site of contact following an exposure period of four hours. This term shall not refer to action on inanimate surfaces. GHS: “Skin Corrosive” Current
New Labels • As of June 1, 2015, all labels will be required to have : • Product identifier • Pictograms • Signal word • Hazard statements • Precautionary statements • Supplier identification.
GHS Category VS HMIS/NFPA The opposite is true under GHS. 1 IS MOST SEVERE. 5 is LEAST. HMIS system: 1 is LEAST severe – 4 is MOST Severe. NFPA system: 1 is LEAST severe - 4 is MOST severe.
To Review…. • GHS is the new Hazcom • June 15, 2015…… • MSDS is out…SDS is in • Pictograms are your friend! • DOT/UN Placards Remain the same • 6 Required Label elements:Product Identifier, Pictogram, Signal Word, Hazard Statement, Precautionary Statement, Supplier Identification • GHS Category 1 – 5 is OPPOSITE HMIS/NFPA 0 – 4.
Contact Information Michelle Kareis Chair, Guilford County LEPC EHS Manager, Vertellus Performance Materials 336-834-4903 email@example.com