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Welcome to session on Leadership. What is Leadership ?. “ The process of influencing the activities of an organized group in its efforts toward goal setting and goal achievement” (Stogdill, 1950, p. 3)

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What is leadership
What is Leadership ?

“The process of influencing the activities of an organized group in its efforts toward goal setting and goal achievement”

(Stogdill, 1950, p. 3)

“Influencing, motivating, and enabling others to contribute toward the effectiveness and success of the organizations of which they are members”


Before we begin
Before We Begin…

  • Which famous leaders can you think of?


Leaders the world respects the most 2004
Leaders- The World respects the most! (2004)

  • Bill Gates (Microsoft)

  • Jack Welch (GE)

  • Carlos Ghosn (Nissan)

  • Warren Buffett (Berkshire Hathaway)

  • Michael Dell (Dell Computer)

  • Hiroshi Okuda (Toyota)

(According to Price Waterhouse Coopers & Financial Times study)


Continued
Continued…

  • Jeff Immelt (GE)

  • Carly Fiorina (HP)

  • Steve Jobs (Apple)

  • Fujio Mitarai (Canon)

  • Lou Grstner ( IBM)

(According to Price Waterhouse Coopers & Financial Times study)


Welcome to session on leadership

Most admired Indian Leaders.

Narayan Murthy 40%

Dhirubhai Ambani 21%

Azim Premji 6%

Kumaramangalam Birla 6%

Tatas 3%

[SOURCE: SURVEY CONDUCTED BY LEADING B-SCHOOLS AMONG MBA STUDENTS IN THE COUNTRY]


Leadership theories
LEADERSHIP THEORIES

TRAIT THEORY

BEHAORIVAL THOERY

MANAGERIAL GRID

PATH GOAL FRAMEWORK


Welcome to session on leadership

Trait Theory

Desire

to Lead

“Can-Do”

Attitude

Honesty

and Integrity

Self-

Confidence

Intelligence

Ambition

and Energy


Welcome to session on leadership

Behavioral Theories

Initiating Structure

Ohio State

Consideration

Employee-Orientation

University of

Michigan

Production-Orientation


Managerial grid
Managerial Grid

Country Club

Management

Team

Management

Concern for People

Middle-of-the Road

Management

Impoverished

Management

Authoritative

Management

Concern for Production


Welcome to session on leadership

Leadership Levels

Level 5 -- Executive

Level 4 -- Effective Leader

Level 3 -- Competent Manager

Level 2 -- Contributing Team Member

Level 1 -- Highly capable individual


Leadership types
LEADERSHIP TYPES

VISIONARY

CHARISMATIC

TRANSFORMATIONAL



Leadership style
Leadership “Style”

  • Autocratic – “dictator”

  • Democratic – “boss”

  • Laissez Faire – “guidance”



Leadership styles
Leadership Styles..

Directing:

  • Close supervision;

  • Leaders define role and task;

  • Largely one way communication

    Supportive:

  • Leader still defines roles and tasks but seeks ideas/suggestions from the followers.

  • Decision still with leader.

  • More two-way communication


Leadership styles1
Leadership Styles..

Consulting:

  • Day-to-day decisions rests with the followers,

  • Leader facilitates and takes part in decisions,

  • The control is with the follower.

    Delegating:

  • Leaders are still involved in decisions and problem-solving,

  • The control is with the follower. 

  • The follower decides when and how the leader will be involved.


Welcome to session on leadership

Passion

Honesty

  • Empathy

  • Innovation

Maturity

Achievement

drive

Key Traits of Successful Leaders

Traits


Welcome to session on leadership

Stress

Tolerance

  • Self

  • Awareness

  • Innovation

Commitment

High Energy

Level

Key Traits of Successful Leaders

Traits

Courage


Seven leadership competencies

more

Seven Leadership Competencies

Emotional Intelligence

  • Perceiving, assimilating, understanding, and regulating emotions

Integrity

  • Truthfulness

  • Translates words into deeds

Drive

  • Inner motivation to pursue goals

  • Need for achievement, quest to learn

Leadership Motivation

  • High need for socialized power to accomplish team’s or firm’s goals


Seven leadership competencies con t
Seven Leadership Competencies (con’t)

Self-Confidence

  • High self-efficacy regarding ability to lead others

Intelligence

  • Above average cognitive ability

  • Can analyse problems/opportunities

Knowledge ofthe Business

  • Familiar with business environment

  • Aids intuitive decision making


Welcome to session on leadership

The Five Ps of Leadership

  • Pay attention to what’s important

  • Praise what you want to continue

  • Punish what you want to stop

  • Pay for the results you want

  • Promote those people who deliver those results


An effective leader
An Effective leader

  • Does not listen

  • Fails to delegate

  • Does not show respect

  • Shows no interest in followers

  • Gives negative feedback to a third party

  • Does not praise when praise is due

  • Criticizes in front of others

  • Takes personal credit for others ideas

  • Is always taking control

  • Has a tendency to bully!


How to improve your leadership skills
How to Improve Your Leadership Skills

  • Skill 1: Think Like a Leader

    • Identify what is happening

    • Explain why it is happening

    • Decide what you are going to do about it.

  • Skill 2: Use an Appropriate Leadership Style

    • Leaders usually fit their style to the situation.

    • Different leadership styles are appropriate to different situations.


Continue
Continue…

  • Skill 3: Pick the Right Leadership Situation

    • Gravitate toward leadership situations that fit your favored leadership style.

  • Skill 4: Good communication skills

    • Listen carefully

    • Ask questions and paraphrase to confirm

    • Speak slowly and clearly

    • Have listeners repeat the understanding of what was said.

    • Encourage questions.


Continue1
Continue…

  • Skill 5: Exercise Better Judgment

  • Decisiveness and good judgment (“cognitive ability”) are important leadership traits.

  • Skill 6: Improve Leadership Traits and Skills

    • Exhibit self-confidence.

    • Display honesty and integrity.

    • Increase your knowledge of the business.


Leadership practical tips
Leadership—Practical Tips

1. Project energy.

2. Be involved and involve others.

3. Assist evaluation and change for the group.

4. Persuade and persevere.

5. Look beyond the obvious.

6. Maintain perspective.

7. Target energy on success opportunities.

8. Influence cooperative action.

9. Support creativity.

10. Take the initiative.

11. Ignore the negative.


Leadership etiquette
LEADERSHIP ETIQUETTE

  • MAKE DECISIONS THAT ENHANCE THE ENTIRE GROUP RATHER THAN YOURSELF

  • REALIZE YOU ALSO HAVE A SUPERIOR

  • EXAMPLE OF FAIR PLAY, INTEGRITY & DEPENDABILITY

  • KNOW THAT POWER IS GIVEN BY THE MEMBERS & CAN BE TAKEN AWAY


Leadership etiquette1
LEADERSHIP ETIQUETTE

  • GENUINELY LISTENS TO THE NEEDS, FEEDBACK AND SUGGESTIONS OF MEMBERS, NOT JUST A SELECT FEW

  • UNDERSTAND THAT LEADERSHIP IS NOT A GLORY POSITION, BUT A RESPONSIBILITY POSITION

  • BE WILLING TO ROLL UP SLEEVES & HELP WHEN THE GOING GETS TOUGH


Leadership etiquette2
LEADERSHIP ETIQUETTE

  • THE ENTIRE GROUP, NOT FOR SELF KNOWS THAT WITHOUT THE WORK, SUPPORT & DEDICATION OF ALL MEMBERS, THE ORGANIZAITON WILL NOT BE SUCCESSFUL

  • SACRIFICE PERSONAL GLORY & RECOGNITION TO SHARE WITH ALL FOLLOWERS

  • WORK FOR THE SUCCESS OF THE ENTIRE GROUP, NOT FOR SELF


Five negative leadership traits that prevent individuals from being leaders
Five negative leadership traits that prevent individuals from being leaders

  • Uninformed about the problem being discussed

  • Non-participative

  • Rigid in holding on to their ideas

  • Authoritarian in bossing others around

  • Offensive and abusive in language style


Welcome to session on leadership

THANK YOU from being leaders