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Sociological Theory. What is theory?. A way to explain how facts are related These facts should be based on empirical evidence Provides a framework for interpretation– a lens through which we can examine certain social phenomena. In Sociology, the primary question theory seeks to answer:

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Presentation Transcript
what is theory
What is theory?
  • A way to explain how facts are related
    • These facts should be based on empirical evidence
  • Provides a framework for interpretation– a lens through which we can examine certain social phenomena.
  • In Sociology, the primary question theory seeks to answer:
    • What holds society together?
macro level theories
Macro-level theories:
  • Structure- Functionalism
    • Auguste Comte
    • Herbert Spencer
    • Emile Durkheim
    • Robert Merton—
      • Manifest Function
      • Latent Function
      • Dysfunction
led to
Led to…
  • Social Facts
    • External to the individual
    • Have coercive power of the individual
    • Transcend time
macro level theories cont
Macro-Level Theories, cont:
  • Conflict Theory
    • Karl Marx
      • Means of production
      • Bourgeois
      • Proletariat
    • Max Weber
      • The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
micro level theories
Micro-Level Theories
  • Symbolic Interaction
  • W.I. Thomas
    • “Thomas Theorem”
      • “What some perceives as real is real in its consequences.”
c h cooley
C.H. Cooley
  • “The Looking Glass Self”
    • We imagine how we appear to others
    • We imagine how others are judging said appearance
    • Our sense of self develops from those judgements
g h mead
G.H. Mead
  • Imitation
  • Play (pretending)
  • Game
    • Generalized Other
    • Significant Other
      • I
      • Me