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The Kentucky System of Interventions. A systematic, comprehensive system to address academic and behavioral needs for all students.

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the kentucky system of interventions

The Kentucky System of Interventions

A systematic, comprehensive system to address academic and behavioral needs for all students.

slide2

The Kentucky System of Intervention (KSI) is a framework for providing systematic, comprehensive services to address academic and behavioral needs for all students, preschool through grade 12.

  • The Guide’s purpose is to provide resources in planning and decision making as districts and schools develop their own system of intervention to meet the needs of their students.
slide3

The Guide addresses these key points:

  • Decision making rules
  • Tiered service delivery
  • Intervention team roles
  • Curriculum alignment
  • Highly effective instruction
  • Universal screening
  • Progress monitoring
  • Family and community engagement
national center on response to intervention

“Response to Intervention (RTI) integrates assessment and intervention within a multi-level prevention system to maximize student achievement and to reduce behavior problems. With RTI, schools identify students at risk for poor learning outcomes, monitor student progress, provide evidence-based interventions and adjust the intensity and nature of those interventions depending on a student’s responsiveness, and identify students with learning disabilities.”

National Center on Response to Intervention
slide6

The birth of RTI came with the stroke of President Bush’s pen on December 3, 2004, with the reauthorization of IDEA. While the components have been around for years, this “birth” of a new method shifted the responsibility to the general education curriculum to monitor and measure individual student responsiveness in the regular classroom.

the ghost of education tradition

Discrepancy formula for determining identification as learning disabled passed away December 4, 2004.

  • Obituary has been written; funeral to be announced.
The Ghost of Education Tradition
federal and kentucky legislation

Federal

    • NCLB (2001)
    • IDEA (2004)
  • Kentucky
    • KRS 158.6453
    • KRS 158.6459
    • KRS 158.649
    • KRS 158.792
    • KRS 164.0207
    • KRS 158.844
    • KRS 158.070
Federal and Kentucky Legislation
slide9

The RTI Guide: Developing and Implementing a Model in Your Schools

by John E. McCook, Ed.D.

http://www.shoplrp.com

6 critical components

universal screening

  • measurable definition of problem area
  • baseline data prior to an intervention
  • establishment of a written plan detailing accountability
  • progress monitoring
  • comparison of pre-intervention data to post-intervention data for efficacy
6 Critical Components
what is a system of intervention

A system provides timely, directive, and systematic interventions for students who are experiencing difficulty meeting standards.

  • It narrows the focus of a school to the most critical question: What happens when a student does not learn?
  • It is the “fork in the road” for a school becoming a professional learning community.
What is a System of Intervention?
system of intervention pyramid1

Tier 1

  • Quality classroom instruction based on state curriculum framework
    • Research-based
    • On-going assessment and professional development
    • Interventions within the regular classroom
System of Intervention Pyramid
system of intervention pyramid2

Tier 2

  • Focused supplemental instruction for students who are not successful in Tier 1
  • Supplemental instruction is in addition to core instruction
System of Intervention Pyramid
system of intervention pyramid3

Tier 3

  • Intensive interventions specifically designed to meet the individual needs of students who has not been successful in both Tier 1 and Tier 2
System of Intervention Pyramid
establish decision making rules

Within this tiered continuum of instruction and intervention, decision rules are necessary for moving students within the tiers as those responsible address the student needs for academic or behavior intervention. A systematic method is necessary to decide interventions and implementation strategies for each tier to ensure effective, equitable, and fair treatment among students.

Establish Decision Making Rules
establish decision making rules1

Establish expectations for implementation

  • Schedule time for implementation
  • Schedule time for team meetings
  • Determine frequency of meetings
  • Develop team meeting protocol
Establish Decision Making Rules
establish decision making rules2

Establish Rules for Moving In-Out of Intervention Tiers

  • Cut scores for determining risk status
  • Frequency and duration of progress monitoring
  • Criteria for determining a student’s responsiveness to the intervention
Establish Decision Making Rules
tier 1 core instruction

“The focus [of Tier 1] is on improving the core classroom instruction that allstudents receive. Tier 1 instruction is designed to address the needs of the majority of a school’s students. By using flexible grouping, on-going assessments, and targeting specific skills, classroom teachers are able to meet instructional goals.”

John McCook

Tier 1: Core Instruction
tier 1 core instruction1

Does the school have a core academic and behavior curriculum aligned to the Program of Studies?

    • Is it accessible to all students?
    • Is it aligned to Academic Expectations, Program of Studies and Core Content for Assessment 4.1?
    • Has vertical and horizontal analysis of instruction been completed (instructional strategies across content and grade levels)?
    • Are all students receiving highly effective instruction?
Tier 1: Core Instruction
tier 1 core instruction2

Does the universal screening provide a quick way to identify students who need more in-depth assessment in academics and behavior?

  • Is the universal screening easy to administer, inexpensive and reliable?
  • If the universal screening provides evidence of an ineffective academic or behavioral core curriculum, is the school examining why it is occurring and whether this is a school-wide issue or class-specific issue?
Tier 1: Core Instruction
tier 1 core instruction3

Has the school established the frequency data is to be collected?

  • Has the school determined how the academic and behavioral data will be charted and analyzed?
  • How will the school know if the plan is being implemented as designed?
  • Is communication between school and home regarding student progress consistent, organized and meaningful?
Tier 1: Core Instruction
tier 2 supplemental instruction

“The supplemental instruction in Tier 2 is designed to meet the needs of students [who score below benchmark criteria in one or more critical areas of instruction] by providing individual instruction, small group instruction and/or technology-assisted instruction to support and reinforce skills taught by the classroom teacher.”

John McCook

Tier 2: Supplemental Instruction
tier 2 supplemental instruction1

Are the academic and behavior interventions scientifically researched based?

    • Efficacy and Fidelity
  • Does the progress monitoring provide adequate data for decision making?
  • Is the progress monitoring sensitive to small increments of growth over time?
    • Generally monitored every 2 weeks, but can be more frequent or less often, based on the intervention plan or the protocol of the intervention.
Tier 2: Supplemental Instruction
tier 2 supplemental instruction2

Does the data from the progress monitoring assist schools in the development of instructional strategies and use of appropriate curriculum for the student’s area of academic or behavioral need?

  • How does the school implement a balanced assessment system as a method of academic and behavior data collection?
    • Formative
    • Interim
    • Summative
Tier 2: Supplemental Instruction
tier 2 supplemental instruction3

Which diagnostic assessments for learning and behavior/social skills will the school use?

  • Who monitors student performance after diagnostics assessment for instruction and behavior are given.
  • How is the academic and behavior data maintained?
Tier 2: Supplemental Instruction
tier 2 supplemental instruction4

How frequently are students re-evaluated?

  • Is communication between school and home regarding student academic and behavior progress consistent, organized and meaningful?
Tier 2: Supplemental Instruction
tier 3 intensive instruction

“Students who continue to have difficulty in acquiring necessary skills require instruction that is more explicit, more intensive, and specifically designed to meet their individual needs. Tier 3 is designed for students with low-content area skills and/or a sustained lack of adequate progress when provided with primary and secondary interventions.”

John McCook

Tier 3: Intensive Instruction
tier 3 intensive instruction1

Are the academic and behavior interventions scientifically research based?

  • Does the progress monitoring provide adequate data for decision making?
  • Is the progress monitoring sensitive to small increments of academic or behavior learning growth over time?
      • Monitored more frequently at least weekly
Tier 3: Intensive Instruction
tier 3 intensive instruction2

Does the data from the progress monitoring assist schools in the development of instructional strategies for academics and behavior and use of appropriate curriculum for the student’s area of need?

  • How does the school implement a balanced academic and behavioral assessment system as a method of data collection?
Tier 3: Intensive Instruction
tier 3 intensive instruction3

Which diagnostic assessments for academic and behavioral learning will the school use?

  • Who monitors student academic/behavior performance after diagnostic assessments for instruction are given?
  • How is the academic and behavior data maintained?
Tier 3: Intensive Instruction
tier 3 intensive instruction4

How frequently are students re-evaluated?

  • Is communication between school and home regarding student academic/behavior progress consistent, organized and meaningful?
  • Have relevant appropriate interventions for academics and behavior been exhausted?
Tier 3: Intensive Instruction
let s think about specific programs

Schools and districts already have multiple programs and materials.

  • Think about the programs/materials in your school or district already. How do these fit as part of a system of intervention?
  • Examples include Fast Forward, Great Leaps, Read Write Gold, Reading Recovery, SRA, ESS
Let’s think about specific programs
slide35

Tier 3: Intensive Instruction

Tier 2: Supplemental Instruction

Tier 1: Core Instruction

slide36

For further information:

Cherry Boyles

Cherry.Boyles@education.ky.gov

502-564-2106

Judy Littleton

Judith.Littleton@education.ky.gov

502-564-3791