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Objectives. 1. A basic understanding of human motivation 2. Insights into various human needs 3. An appreciation for the importance of motivating organization members 4. An understanding of various motivation strategies. The Motivation Process. Defining Motivation

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objectives
Objectives

1. A basic understanding of human motivation

2. Insights into various human needs

3. An appreciation for the importance of motivating organization members

4. An understanding of various motivation strategies

the motivation process
The Motivation Process
  • Defining Motivation
  • Process Theories of Motivation
    • The Needs-Goal Theory of Motivation
      • The Role of Individual Needs
    • The Vroom Expectancy Theory of Motivation
      • Motivation and Perceptions
    • Equity Theory of Motivation

To right the inequity some will :

1. Change their work inputs

2. Try to change the compensation

3. Try to change their own perception

4. Leave the situation

the motivation process3
The Motivation Process
  • Process Theories of Motivation (continued)
    • The Porter–Lawler Theory of Motivation
      • The Motivation Process

1. Perceived value

2. Effectively accomplishes

3. Perceived fairness

the motivation process4
The Motivation Process
  • Content Theories of Motivation: Human Needs
    • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
      • Physiological needs
      • Security needs
      • Social needs
      • Esteem needs
      • Self-actualization needs
the motivation process6
The Motivation Process
  • Content Theories of Motivation: Human Needs (continued)
    • Argyris’s Maturity-Immaturity Continuum

1. From a state of passivity to increasing activity

2. From a state of dependence on others to relative independence

3. From being capable of behaving only in a few ways

to being capable of behaving in many different ways

4. From having erratic, casual, shallow, and quickly dropped interests

to having deeper, more lasting interests

5. From having a short time perspective to having a much longer one

6. From being in a subordinate position

to aspiring to occupy an equal or super-ordinate position

7. From a lack of self-awareness to awareness and control over self

the motivation process7
The Motivation Process
  • Content Theories of Motivation: Human Needs (continued)
    • McClelland’s Acquired Needs Theory
      • 1. Need for achievement (nAch)
      • 2. Need for power (nPower)
      • 3. Need for affiliation (nAff)
motivating organization members
Motivating Organization Members
  • The Importance of Motivating Organization Members
  • Strategies for Motivating Organization Members
    • Managerial Communication
    • Theory X–Theory Y
    • Job Design
      • Earlier Job Design Strategies
        • Job Rotation
        • Job Enlargement
      • Job Enrichment
        • Job Enrichment and Productivity
      • Flextime
        • Advantages of Flextime
motivating organization members5
Motivating Organization Members
  • Strategies for Motivating Organization Members (continued)
    • Behavior Modification
      • Reinforcement
      • Punishment
      • Applying Behavior Modification

1. Giving different levels of rewards to different workers

2. Telling workers what they are doing wrong

3. Punishing workers privately

4. Always giving out rewards and punishments that are earned