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Country Report for: ALBANIA DR. KRISTO HUTA. Demographic Dat a. Albania: Population Year 1990: 3.380.000 inhabitants . Year 2010: 3.120.000 inhabitants Area : 28748 km2 Average Age : 32 year-old. Age group up to 45 years old : 43,8 % of population.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Country Report for:

ALBANIA

DR. KRISTO HUTA

demographic dat a
Demographic Data
  • Albania: Population
      • Year 1990: 3.380.000 inhabitants.
      • Year 2010: 3.120.000 inhabitants
  • Area : 28748 km2
  • Average Age : 32 year-old.
  • Age group up to 45 years old : 43,8 % of population.
  • Age group 60 –79 year-old : 6,9 % of population.
  • 45 % of population live in urban areas.
  • Mortality rateall causes, all ages 847/100.000 inhabitants
  • Level of fertility (per 1000) 13.8

Surce: INSTAT

epidemiology data on tumors
Epidemiology data on tumors
  • Period 1986 – 1990

Average number of cases per year - 2.800

Population - 3.387.000 inhabitants

(ref. National Register of Tumors)

  • 2001:

-3.000 new cancer cases diagnosed

Population- 3.087.000

(ref. Inter Hospital Cancer Registry)

  • 2010:

- About 5000 new cancer cases diagnosed

Population- 3.127000

(Ref. GLOBOCAN)

mortality causes 2010
Mortality causes (2010)
  • Cardio-vascular 50.2 %
  • Oncology 16.6 %
  • Traumas and accidents 6.8 %
  • Other 11.3 %

Surce: Ministry of Health

epidemiological data on tumors in albania 2008
WomenEpidemiological data on tumors in Albania 2008

Estimated incidence, mortality and 5-year prevalence: men

Estimated incidence, mortality and 5-year prevalence: woman

slide6
Cancer pain and palliative care
  • December 2009 – 10 Member Steering Committee established (Chairman: Vice Minister of Health)
  • May 2011 - NCCP finished/submitted to Ministry of Health
  • June 2011 - NCCP finalized and endorsed by the Minister of Health
  • National Cancer Control Programme Chairperson/Coordinator/Manager to be nominated
  • Objectives for pain relive and Palliative Care included
  • Availability of opioid analgesics specifically addressed
1 cancer pain and palliative care
1.Cancer pain and palliative care
  • Only 30% of terminal cancer patients have benefit palliative care service.
  • Currently, palliative care in Albania is provided mainly by non profit sector.
  • There is only one public service (Oncologic Home Service)
  • There is a lack of inpatient and bed hospice unit.
  • Very few non cancer patients receive palliative care .
1 cancer pain and palliative care1
1.Cancer pain and palliative care

Pediatric palliative service is given in Pediatric Hospital in University Hospital Center in Tirana

Very few pediatric patients are treated from NGOs

There are no specialist for pediatric palliative care

Pediatric patients have access to opioid analgesics

The government has not endorsed the WHO method for relief of

cancer pain and has not sponsored or endorsed training programs

in cancer pain relief, palliative care and medical use of

opioid analgesics.

1 cancer pain and palliative care pc
1.Cancer pain and palliative care (PC)

. For the first time PC was provided in 1993 only form non profit sector and 1997 from the state sector.

. In 2002 it is established the AAPC

. In 2003 it is founded the first inpatient hospice.

. Since 2010 there are optimistic developments

in PC in the country.

. Currently there are only 4 home care

providers of PC in Albania

- Sue Ryder Care (Tirane , Durres)

- Mary Potter (Korce)

- Caritas (Shkoder, Elbasan, Lezhe)

- SOB (Tirane)

2 hiv aids pain and palliative care
2. HIV/AIDS pain and palliative care
  • The National Strategy for the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS in Albania (updated in 2010).
  • There is National AIDS Program, as part of Institute of Public Health structure.
  • Pain relief and palliative care are not included in the above strategy.
  • Neither opiod analgesics are addressed
2 hiv aids pain and palliative care1
2. HIV/AIDS pain and palliative care

It is still a small number of patients with HIV/AIDS ,without a significant weight for palliative care health structures

Treatment and follow-up is done in Infectious Service in University Centre Hospital in Tirana

Only few terminal patients are followed up by NGOs

The government has not endorsed the WHO method for relief of

HIV/AIDS pain and has not sponsored or endorsed training programs

in HIV/AIDS pain relief, palliative care and medical use of

opioid analgesics.

3 opioid availability
3. Opioid availability
  • National Competent Authority for narcotics control for the country is part of the Pharmaceutical Department at the Ministry of Health.
  • The person in charge of this office is the Director of Pharmaceutical Department.
  • The Pharmaceutical Directorate and Drug issues Department are in charge of submitting the annual estimate of medical requirements for narcotic drugs, including morphine, to the International Narcotics Control Board.
  • A representative of this office is present at this meeting .
3 opioid availability1
3. Opioid availability
  • National Competent Authority has not a method for calculating estimates of annual need for opioids that they submit to INCB
  • Therefore does not address unmet actual needs for opioids analgesics
  • Estimation of annual need for opioids relies mainly in consumption of

previous year .

  • Our NCA reports annual statistics on the consumption of opioid analgesics to the INCB.
3 opioid availability2
3. Opioid availability

WHO recommends an essential list with 33 drugs for palliative care, from which 26 of them or 79% are available.

In reimbursed drug list of Insurance Institute of Health Care, 15 drugs are included or 45%.

20% of this group of drugs ( Reimbursed for Palliative care) have limited in usage dosage and quantity.

Availability of drugs to the WHO essential list is satisfactory, but nevertheless should be improved.

Terminal patient don’t access these drugs due to lack of knowledge of physicians

3 opioid availability3
3. Opioid availability

Morphine is only available in 10 mg injection and in 10 mg long acting tablets

Fentanyl is available, but too expensive to afford .

Methadone is only available for injecting drug users as part of the HIV program .

Petidin very rarely used

No immediate release morphine preparations

The current company that provides slow release morphine is Albtrade Pharma

The injection morphine is produced in Albania by a local company(Propharma)

3 opioid availability5
3. Opioid availability

The opioids are not sufficiently available .

There are shortages .

No special training required for opioid prescribing ,but NGO offer trainings

Prescribing is limited to doctors of NGO, authorized doctors in districts where there is no palliative care service and GP’s with recommendation from specialist

To prescribe opioids is required a license and signed a contract with Insurance Institute of Health Care.

Nurses are not authorized to prescribe

Prescription forms required are special and approved from Insurance Institute of Health Care .

3 opioid availability6
3. Opioid availability

The physicians working in Palliative Care can prescribe opioid without dosage limitations

General practitioners can prescribe opioid no more than 100 mg /per day

Prescriptions are limited up to seven days

There is no a maximum length of time that a patients can receive opioids

The validity of a prescription for an opioid such as morphine is 3 days

Only cancer patients benefit opioids ,so prescribing regulations exclude patients populations and diagnoses

There are no different legal requirements for prescribing ,dispensing or purchasing different dosage forms of the same opioid, i.e., oral, transdermal , injectable.

3 opioid availability7
3. Opioid availability

The national law or regulation does not require reporting names of patients who receive opioid prescriptions to the government.

The new law is under the process

Health insurance coverage is a barrier to patients accessibility to opioid analgesics because of limited value of reimbursement

The minimum penalty for physician or pharmacist who violates the prescribing laws or regulations is 10$ -200$

The maximum penalty is removal of license

drug distributing system
DRUG DISTRIBUTING SYSTEM

Level 1:International Narcotics Control Board

Level 2: National Competent Authority

Level 3 :Importer/Manufactures/Distributors

Level 4: Hospitals/Pharmacies/Pc Programs

Level 5: Physicians/Pharmacists/Other

Level 6 :PATIENTS

Medication

Information