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The Peripheral Nervous System. The Spinal Nerves & The Cranium Nerves. Angelina, Eden, Titus , Joey , Gabe . Ana. The Peripheral Nervous System. The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is the link between the nucleus of the central nervous system (CNS) and the rest of the body

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angelina eden titus joey gabe ana

The Peripheral Nervous System

The Spinal Nerves &

The Cranium Nerves

Angelina,Eden, Titus, Joey, Gabe. Ana

the peripheral nervous system
The Peripheral Nervous System
  • The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is the link between the nucleus of the central nervous system (CNS) and the rest of the body
  • Motor and information commands are carried by axons of the PNS
  • Axons bundle together and wrapped in connective tissue, to form peripheral nerves or simply nerves
slide3

Cell bodies are clustered together in masses called ganglia

  • The PNS also contains both the cell bodies and the axons of sensory neurons and motor neurons of the autonomic nervous system

Origination:

  • Cranial nerves- Brain
  • Spinal Nerves- Spinal cord
distribution and function of cranial nerves

The Cranial Nerves

Distribution and function of cranial nerves
  • Each nerve is classified as primarily sensory, primarily motor or mixed (sensory and motor)
  • 12 pairs of control nerves connect to the brain
  • Each nerves has a name related to its appearance or function
slide5

12 Nerves

Olfactory bulb nerve, NI

Olfactory tract

Trochlear nerve (IV)

Optic nerve (II)

Abducens nerve (VI)

Vestibulocochlear (acoustic) nerve (VIII)

Oculomotor nerve (III)

Trigeminal nerve (V)

Vagus nerve (X)

Facial Nerve (VII)

Accessory (spinal accessory) nerve (XI)

Gloss- pharyngeal nerve (IX)

Hypoglossal nerve (XII)

slide6

Few people are able to remember the names, numbers and functions of the cranial nerves without some effort. Many people use mnemonic phrases such as

“Oh, Once One Takes The Anatomy Final, Vacations Are Heavenly”

slide7

Olfactory nerves- only cranial nerves attached to the cerebellum (Special sensory)

  • Optic nerves- carry visual information from the eyes
  • Oculomotor nerves- innervates four of the six muscles that move an eyeball (motor)
  • Trochlear nerves- smallest of nerves innervate the superior oblique muscles of the eye (motor)
slide8

Trigeminal nerves- chewing muscles (motor); orbital structures, nasal cavity, nose, lips, teeth, palate and pharynx (sensory)

  • Abducens nerves- abducts the eyeball, causing it to rotate laterally, away from midline of the body
  • Facial nerves- controls tear glands and salivary glands
  • Vestibulochochlear nerves- also called acoustic nerves monitor the sensory receptors of the inner ear
slide9

Glossopharyngeal nerves- are mixed nerves innervating the tongue and pharynx (mixed)

  • Vagus nerves- sensory info. to ear canals, diaphragm, taste receptors (mixed)
  • Accessory nerve- voluntary muscles of palate, pharynx, and larynx; sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles (motor)
  • Hypoglossal nerves- tongue muscles (motor)
the spinal nerves
The Spinal Nerves
  • 31 pairs of spinal nerves are grouped according to the region of the vertebral column from which they originate
  • 8 pairs of cervical nerves
  • 12 pairs of thoracic nerves
  • 5 pairs of lumbar nerves
  • 5 pairs sacral nerves
  • 1 pair of coccygeal nerves
slide11

CervicalPlexus

Brachial Plexus

  • Each pair of spinal nerves monitors a specific region of the body surface known as a dermatome

Lumbar Plexus

Sacral

plexus

5 questions
5 Questions
  • What’s the topic about?
  • How many pairs of spinal nerves are grouped according to the region of the vertebral column from which they originated ?
  • What is dermatome?
  • How many pairs of cranial nerves connect to the brain?
  • True or false? Each cranial nerve has a name related to its appearance only.