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Coordination, Capacities and Role of Municipal Authorities The Philippines Case . Rory Villaluna Philippines WASH CLUSTER Coordinator (UNICEF co-lead) October 17, 2012. Urban Context . More densely populated – more populations/families affected causing overcrowding and congestion in camps
Coordination, Capacities and Role of Municipal Authorities The Philippines Case Rory Villaluna Philippines WASH CLUSTER Coordinator (UNICEF co-lead) October 17, 2012
Urban Context • More densely populated – more populations/families affected causing overcrowding and congestion in camps • Concrete pavements • But many support facilities such as fast food chains, schools, clinics, more private sector donations
Challenges of Emergencies in Metro Manila Overcrowding in temporary shelters such as schools and covered courts Extreme flooding, Damaged water and waste water facilities
Coordination for Urban Emergencies WSP restores water system with minor repairs, mobilizes fleet of trucks and dispatches to ECs in close coordination with city gov’t Scenario 1: With minimum damage to water supply facility of water service provider (WSP) Scenario 2: With major damage to water supply facility of water service provider ; request for international assistance is activated DOH regional office took on leadership of the WASH cluster. -Experienced DOH staff from other provinces provided support - Cluster co-lead Pro-active participation in the cluster by the City Health Officers enabled direct feedback and information on priorities WASH Focal Point agencies were organized to monitor/facilitate WASH concerns in cluster of ECs (served as central WASH contact point per EC for a holistic approach
Local Capacities • National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Framework in place (legal mandate, institutionalized set-up)- mandates local mitigation and rehabilitation plans • Cluster Approach is also institutionalized at national level However: the critical challenges are: • Weak and unprepared Local Regional/City/Municipal offices with Emergency/DRRM staff • Unprepared at risk communities
Challenges and Gaps • 433 cities and municipalities nationwide identified as vulnerable to landslides and flashfloods • Prolonged displacements • Inadequate local capacities for contingency planning, horizontal and vertical coordination, • Lack of joint efforts towards Emergency Preparedness activities
IS THERE A ROLE FOR HUMANITARIAN AGENCIES IN THE URBAN CONTEXT? IF YES, WHAT? What lessons can be learned from previous experience? • For the Philippines, issues and concerns for urban and rural emergencies almost the same where WASH remains to be a huge challenge in emergencies: • Must refocus strategy to preparedness- support to build local capacities • National government redefining camp management guidelines and planning for large camps – opportunity to preposition
Thank you very much! Any questions?