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President George H. W. Bush (1924-Present). Period 5 AP U.S. History. Background/Family. Full Name: George Herbert Walker Bush He was born on June 12, 1924 in Milton, Massachusetts. His family moved to Greenwich, Connecticut shortly after his birth.

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President George H. W. Bush (1924-Present)


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background family
Background/Family
  • Full Name: George Herbert Walker Bush
  • He was born on June 12, 1924 in Milton, Massachusetts. His family moved to Greenwich, Connecticut shortly after his birth.
  • His father, Prescott Bush, became Connecticut’s senator.
  • On his 18th birthday, George enlisted in the armed forces, becoming the country’s youngest commissioned pilot.
  • He also served in the World War II on 58 missions from 1942 to 1945. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
  • After the war he studied economics at Yale University.
  • In 1951 he created the Bush-Overby Oil Development, an oil-drilling business in Texas.
  • In addition to that, he joined Thomas J. Devine, a former CIA officer, to create Zapata Oil.
background family cont
Background/Family Cont.
  • George Bush married Barbara Pierce on January 6, 1945, only weeks after his return from the Pacific.
  • The couple produced the following children:

- George Walker Bush (born 1946)

- Pauline Robinson Bush ("Robin", 1949–1953, died of leukemia)

- John Ellis "Jeb" Bush (born 1953)

- Neil Mallon Bush (born 1955)

- Marvin Pierce Bush (born 1956)

- Dorothy Bush Koch (born 1959)

rise to presidency
Rise to Presidency
  • Bush started his political career in 1964 as Chairman of the Republican Party and later then involved into making policies and made him aim for a US Senate seat from Texas.
  • Bush was later elected to a House Representative Seat from the 7th district of Texas over Democratic Briscoe in 1966.
  • During his Representative Seat he was later given the head of House Ways and Means Committee where he voted to abolish the military draft. After his first term he was later re-elected in 1968.
  • During his second and last term, Bush lost in 1970 for his 3rd term against Bentsen, a Democrat.
  • After his loss in 1970, Nixon appointed him Ambassador to the United Nations.
rise to presidency cont
Rise to Presidency cont.
  • In 1980, Bush decided to run for president in the 1980 election against Ronald Reagan. Although he lost in the election of 1980, Reagan appointed Bush as his vice president.
  • When Reagan was shot in 1981, Bush was second in command for the country and had 2 tasks from Reagan on deregulation and drug smuggling.
  • Towards the end of Reagan and Bush’s first term they decided to run again as a team for Presidency and Vice Presidency.
  • After Raegan’s second term Bush decided to run for president in the 1988 campaign.
political
Political
  • George H.W. Bush served two terms as a Representative to Congress from Texas in 1964.
  • George had also been appointed to a series of high-level positions like Ambassador to the United Nations, Chairman of the Republican National Committee, Chief of the U. S. Liaison Office in the People's Republic of China, and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency.
  • George was also a Vice President for Ronald Regan.
  • During 1988 Bush campaigned for Republican nomination for president and won.
  • President Bush sent American troops into Panama to overthrow the corrupt regime of General Manuel Noriega.
  • When Iraqi President Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, then threatened to move into Saudi Arabia, Bush had taken drastic measures and also vowing to free Kuwait had sent 425,000 troops and with 118,00 allied forces and 100 hrs of land combat, had started Operation Desert Storm.
intellectual
Intellectual
  • In his early childhood years, in 1942 George attended, Phillips Academy in Andover and achieved many leaderships positions.
  • At the age of 18 Bush enlisted in the armed forces and became a naval aviator.
  • While Bush was enlisted he flew 58 combat missions, on one of his missions over the Pacific he was shot down by a Japanese Antiaircraft fire and was rescued by a U.S. Submarine.
  • George H.W. Bush was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his bravery in action.
  • He had attended Yale University and was part of the accelerated program.
  • At Yale he excelled in sports and studies. Bush was also captain of his baseball team.
  • Also was a part of a fraternity Delta Kappa Epsilon and was also a member of the Phi Beta Kappa
  • He was initiated into the Skull and Bones Society
  • Graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and degree in economics.
religion
Religion
  • George H.W. Bush’s religion is a Episcopalian.

- Episcopalian is defined as pertaining or adhering to the Episcopal Church in America

arts culture
Arts/ Culture
  • Born in Milton Massachusetts, family moved to Greenwich Connecticut
  • George H.W. Bush came from a family who had a tradition of public service.
  • After attending Yale University he had started a career in the Oil Industry and had moved his family to West Texas.
economic
Economic
  • After Ronald Regan's presidency he left the US in national debt, and as George H.W. Bush was taking office he vowed to getting rid of the debt.
  • Although during his presidential campaign, Bush had promised not to have any new taxes, “Read my lips: no new taxes.” With the deficit growing 3 times larger than it was in the 1980s and amounting to $220 billion in debt by the 1990’s. Bush had to resort to raising taxes, which led to a downfall of the number of his supporters.
  • America also had landed in a mild recession, that had lasted for 6 months, and the unemployment rate had gone up, Bush had also signed a bill proposing for additional benefits for unemployed workers.
social
Social
  • After his, “Read my Lips: no new taxes” statement was justified as a lie, after taxes had been raised to help our national debt many people had disapproved of him as president.
  • Bush after his presidency, had been awarded with honorary knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II.
  • In 1993, Bush had visited the Kuwait to celebrate the coalitions victory over Iraq in the Gulf War.
domestic policy issues
Domestic Policy Issues
  • In the beginning of his term, he faced economic problems due to Reagan’s actions in the past years. At $220 billion in 1990, the deficit increased three times its size since 1980.
  • With the Congress being dominated by Democrats, he began to persuade them to act on the budget. With the Republicans believing that the best way was to cut government spending, the Democrats felt that an increase in taxes would be a better solution. Caught between the two political parties, Bush was forced by Congress to raise tax revenues.
  • Bush went against his promise of “no new taxes,” that he made in his 1988 campaign which caused the Republicans to feel betrayed.
  • Near the end of the 101st Congress, the president and congressional members reached a consensus on a budget package that both increased the marginal tax rate and phased out immunity for high-income taxpayers.
domestic policy issues cont
Domestic Policy Issues Cont.
  • During the same time as the budget deal, America entered a 6-month mild recession, government programs increased.
  • When the unemployment rate increased in 1991, Bush signed a bill providing additional benefits for unemployed workers.
foreign policy issues
Foreign Policy Issues
  • Panama – In the 1980s, a Panamanian leader, Manuel Noriega was accused for drug trafficking and racketeering so Bush sent troops to Panama as well as overthrow some of their chairmen.
  • Soviet Union – Bush met with Mikhail Gorbachev who was the leader of the USSR in hope of ending the Cold War with the Soviets. This meeting has been previously avoided but was an important step to ending the Cold War and a peaceful period with the USSR when the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty was signed.
  • Persian Gulf War – When Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, the Iraqis turned to the US for help. An attack was launched on the US in which we retaliated but withdrawn before more problems arose. The Gulf War was ended and the Madrid Conference resulted from this.
  • NAFTA – When Bush and his administration took control of the NAFTA trade talks, much was being debated about trades and tariffs in the US, Canada, and Mexico. NAFTA has been criticized as much as defended and when NAFTA was finally adopted, it had many benefits as well as quandaries.
one quote says it all
One Quote Says It All…
  • “I come before you and assume the Presidency at a moment rich with promise. We live in a peaceful, prosperous time, but we can make it better. For a new breeze is blowing, and a world refreshed by freedom seems reborn; for in man's heart, if not in fact, the day of the dictator is over. The totalitarian era is passing, its old ideas blown away like leaves from an ancient, lifeless tree. A new breeze is blowing, and a nation refreshed by freedom stands ready to push on. There is new ground to be broken, and new action to be taken.”

- George H.W. Bush, at his Inaugural Address.

when there s success
When There’s Success…
  • With great knowledge of politics Bush had a long career in both domestic politics and foreign affairs and knew the government bureaucracy.
  • Bush was known for his great success of foreign policies like the ones in Panama, Persian Golf War, and the Soviet Union.
  • The number one foreign policy that he made was NAFTA, this was the agreement between the Bush administration and the Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney to eliminate tariffs traded among the United States and North America.
  • NAFTA benefitted America because of its increase of 54% of economy growth with 25 million new jobs created
  • The Clean Air Act Amendments controlled air pollution on a national level.
  • In1991 Bush accomplished the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), signed in July with Soviet president Mikhail S. Gorbachev at their fourth summit conference, marking the end of the long weapons buildup.
  • Bush’s successful prosecution of the war to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi occupation gave the benefit of U.S. as leading a grand coalition, including Arab countries which had long distrusted the United States. This experience of cooperation led to a renewal of the stalled Mideast peace process.
there s failure
…There’s Failure

- By having the Savings and Loan Industry fail Bush had to compromise with Congress to have a bailout program of S&L. Making cost payers more than $100 billion dollars, this added more difficulty in America’s economy.

  • Bush’s main failures were focused on United State’s economy issues because of his promise of not to raise taxes.
  • By not raising taxes it made Bush in a harder position to reduce the deficit of America without imposing additional taxes for the people.
  • By having no raised taxes, Bush had to sign the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 which cut government expenditures and raised taxes. This is when the people of America felt disappointed at him because of his last resort of raising taxes.
  • Another thing on top of the economy was the fall of Savings and Loan Industry.
president bush in one word
President Bush in one word..
  • ERUDITE - characterized by great knowledge; learned or scholarly
  • Having been in the political game for many years, as a vice president, ambassador, part of the U.S. Congress, and most importantly, a U.S. president, he knew how everything worked, and that

resulted in his success in

many endeavors like foreign

and domestic policies and

as a president.

worthy to run for president today
Worthy to Run for President Today
  • George H. W. Bush had a significant impact on our country’s current economic status. Even though Bush felt that he had done enough for economy during his term, he should’ve continued to work on it. If he spent more time on America’s economy, our economy would’ve not been in this recession that we’re currently in.
  • He would have successfully ran for President today, just because he was President not to long ago. His ideals on economy and taxes, would probably be accept by the general population today. However, he would have to make sure that his actions do not disrupt any ties between people, like what happened in his previous term.
post presidency
Post-Presidency
  • After Bush’s presidency, he retired to his wife to their home in Houston.
  • While visiting Kuwait to commemorate the end of the Gulf War, an assassination attempt was initiated without success and resulted in minor retaliations from both sides.
  • The George Bush Presidential Library and Museum is the tenth presidential library was named after Bush and contains the presidential and vice-presidential papers of Bush and Dan Quayle.
  • Received the Honorary Knighthood Order of the Bath from Queen Elizabeth II, the Roland Reagan Freedom Award, and the NIAF One America Award after his presidential term was ended.
election
Election
  • Bush entered the presidential campaign of 1988.
  • Bush had been planning a presidential run since as early as 1985 against Reagan, and entered the Republican primary for President of the United States in October 1987.
  • Bush ran against Democratic nominee Michael Dukakis who focused mostly about immigration for his campaign.
  • During his campaign Bush announced his “thousands points of light” speech which stated his vision of America when he becomes president.
  • For his campaign Bush aimed at the flaws toward Dukakis like his pollution of the Boston Harbor during Dukakis’ government reign in Massachusetts.

- Bush beat Dukakis in the electoral college by 426 to 111. Bush took 53.4% of popular votes.

- This is when Bush became the first vice president since Van Buren to win a president election.

bibliography
Bibliography
  • " Episcopalian | Define Episcopalian at Dictionary.com." Dictionary.com | Find the Meanings and Definitions of Words at Dictionary.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Episcopalian>.
  • "A History Lesson | FlishFun.com." FlishFun.com | Your Place for Late-Breaking Opinions. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://www.flishfun.com/blog/real-world/a-history-lesson/>.
  • "American Experience . The Presidents . Geroge H. W. Bush | PBS." PBS. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/41_g_h_w_bush/index.html>.
  • "American Experience | George H. W. Bush | PBS." PBS. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bush41/more/enlarged-t_barbara_03.html>. .
  • "Asia Tomorrow." Yale Entrepreneurial Society (YES). N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://www.yesatyale.org/asia/sponsors.html>.
  • "George Bush Presidential Library and Museum :: Public Papers - 1990 - September." George Bush Presidential Library and Museum :: Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://bushlibrary.tamu.edu/research/public_papers.php?id=2217&year=1990&month=9>.
  • "George H.W. Bush -- Academy of Achievement Photo Credit." Academy of Achievement Main Menu. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/photocredit/achievers/bus0-012>.
  • "George H. W. Bush." Spartacus Educational - Home Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKbushG.htm>.
  • "George H. W. Bush | The White House." The White House. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgehwbush/>.
  • "George H. W. Bush - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_H._W._Bush>.
  • "George H. W. Bush Quotes - eQuotes - A Famous Quotes Wiki." Welcome to eQuotes! - eQuotes - A Famous Quotes Wiki. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://equotes.wetpaint.com/page/George+H.+W.+Bush+Quot
  • "No New Taxes Hawaii." Mel's Internet Universe. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://macpro.freeshell.org/notax/>.
  • "The Malta Summit - Transcript of the Bush-Gorbachev News Conference in Malta - Text - NYTimes.com." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Apr. 2010. <http://www.nytimes.com/1989/12/04/world/the-malta-summit-transcript-of-the-bush-gorbachev-news-conference-in-malta.html>.
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